Changing Military Patterns of the Great Plains Indians / Edition 1

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"As a historical study covering not only tribal changes, conflicts and movements, but also the effect of horse and gun on the balance of power and on the fur trade, this is both interesting and stimulating reading."-New Mexico Historical Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780803292093
  • Publisher: University of Nebraska Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1992
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 132
  • Product dimensions: 0.31 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 6.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Frank Raymond Secoy wrote this classic work while at Columbia University in the early 1950s. In his introduction, John C. Ewers considers the influence of Secoy's book on scholars since its original publication in 1953. Ethnologist emeritus at the Smithsonian Institution, Ewers is the author of The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture (1955), Blackfeet: Their Art and Culture (1987), and other works.
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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Bison Book Edition
Ch. I Culture, Environment and the Development of Plains Military Patterns 1
English and French Tradition versus Spanish Tradition 2
Ch. II Post-Horse - Pre-Gun Pattern on the Southern Plains 6
Apache 6
Caddoans 10
Spanish Armament Tradition 14
Native Armor Tradition 16
Leather Armor and Archery Fire 18
Apache as Carriers of Post-Horse - Pre-Gun Pattern 20
Effects of Post-Horse - Pre-Gun Pattern on Trade and Political Organization 22
Diffusion beyond the Apache 27
Disassociation of Horticulture and the Horse 29
Southward Expansion of Pure Nomad Hunters 30
Ch. III Post-Horse - Pre-Gun Pattern on the Northwestern Plains 33
Earlier History 34
Transition from Shortage to Abundance of Horses 35
Relation of War and Trade during Northern Shoshonean Advance 38
CH. IV Development of Post-Gun - Pre-Horse Pattern 39
Early Synthesis in the Northeastern Forest Area 39
Spread into the Northwestern Forest Area 42
Ecological Limitation to Spread of the Gun 43
Ch. V Horse and Gun Pattern on the Northwestern Plains 45
"Occasional Gun Period" 45
Reorganization of Fur Trade 48
Effect of Reorganization on Military Patterns 50
"Few Guns Period" 51
Effect of Horse and Gun Pattern on Balance of Power and Tactics 51
Effect of Horse and Gun Tactics on Distribution of Spanish Type Saddle 61
Decrease in Size of Military Formations 62
Ch. VI Horse and Gun Pattern on the Northeastern Plains 65
Early History 65
Advancing Gun Frontier and the Balance of Power 66
The Sioux as Carriers 67
Gun Frontier Crosses Ecological Boundary 69
Effects of Siouan Expansion on War and Trade 71
Temporary Military Equilibrium Established 72
Siouan Expansion Renewed 73
Ch. VII Horse and Gun Pattern on the Southern Plains 78
Political and Economic Basis for Advance 78
"Few Guns Period" 79
Effect of Full Horse and Gun Pattern on Balance of Power 81
Ch. VIII Discussion 86
Appendix: The Use of the Flintlock Muzzle-Loader on Horseback 96
Bibliography 107
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