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Characterizing Consciousness: From Cognition to the Clinic? / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook

Overview

Characterizing the computational architecture and neurobiological mechanisms underlying consciousness is a major unsolved problem in cognitive neuroscience. Yet, thanks to new advances in stimulation paradigms, brain imaging techniques, and neuronal theorizing, the issue now appears to be empirically addressable. In this book thirteen renowned neuroscientists and clinicians examined the most recent data in the field including the possibility to study consciousness in non-human primates. New paradigms now ask whether animals possess meta-cognitive abilities, such as a self-monitoring of their competence in a task, and electrophysiologists now examine the underlying neuronal networks. Many of these results appear compatible with the theory of a global neuronal workspace, which proposes that a distributed set of neurons with long-distance axons are involved in the global information broadcasting underlying reportability and what is experienced as a conscious state.

A major challenge still confronts these novel empirical and theoretical proposals: will they be able to help clinicians confronted with patients in coma or vegetative state? Is a given patient conscious? Will he ever recover consciousness? And what will be his cognitive state if he does? Brain stimulation paradigms, whether cortical or in deep-brain nuclei, can alter the state of consciousness and may improve communication in some 'minimally conscious' patients.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642180149
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 8/4/2011
  • Series: Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences Series
  • Edition description: 2011
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 210
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface.- Missing Links in the Evolution of Language.- Consciousness as a Decision to Engage.- Thinking about Brain and Consciousness.- The Global Neuronal Workspace Model of Conscious Access: From Neuronal Architectures to Clinical Applications.- Disorders of Consciousness; What Do We Know?- When Thoughts Become Actions: Imaging Disorders of Consciousness.- Rhythmic Neuronal Synchronization Subserves Selective Attentional Processing.- Studying Consciousness Using Direct Recording from Single Neurons in Humans.- Intrinsic Activity and Consciousness.- Beyond Libet: Long-term Prediction of Free Choices from Neuroimaging Signals.- Subliminal Motivation of the Human Brain.- From Conscious Motor Intention to Movement Awareness.- Subject Index

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