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Charcot: Constructing Neurology / Edition 1

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Overview


In the second half of the 19th century, Paris became an international center for neurological studies largely because of Jean-Martin Charcot and his Salpetriere School. Charcot was named Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System at the University of Paris in 1882, and thus helped institutionalize neurology as a medical specialty. By then he had already published widely and had assembled a team of research specialists and students who approached the study of the nervous system through the celebrated methode anatomo-clinique that correlated specific neurological signs with discrete lesions in the central nervous system. Pushing beyond the bounds of anatomical study, Charcot went on to study hysteria, attracting both scientific and social notoriety.
This book provides the best account of the life and contributions of Jean-Martin Charcot. It gives a fascinating picture of the man and his milieu, and clearly defines his role in establishing the new medical specialty of clinical neurology.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: K. Paul Poulouse, MD (Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Administration Medical Center)
Description: This is a new book on the life and times of the great French neurologist, Jean Martin Charcot. Beginning with his early years in Paris, his education as a physician, and, finally, establishing himself as a physician and professor of anatomical pathology at Salpetriere, the volume is exhaustive in its coverage.
Purpose: The authors have highlighted the dominant role played by Charcot in defining neurology as a specialty from the general field of medicine, and they have eminently succeeded in their objective.
Audience: The book is well researched, and the wealth of material in the book will be of great interest to neurologists, physicians, and medical students in addition to historians and librarians. The authors, two neurologists and a medical historian, have clearly succeeded in creating an outstanding biography on Charcot.
Features: The illustrations are of good quality and add greatly to the attractiveness of this publication. The references are exhaustive and cover the broad range of this historical biography. However, the subtitle, "Constructing Neurology," is not appealing and does not readily convey the authors' intent of emphasizing the key role played by Charcot in defining neurology as a specialty. The chronological table at the end of the book will be of immense value to historians and researchers.
Assessment: This well-researched and comprehensive historical biography of Charcot, the best such publication I have seen to date, is an invaluable source of information for neurologists, physicians and physicians in training, historians, and librarians. It highlights Charcot's clinical-anatomical approach to neurological problems and the singular role he played in defining neurology as a distinct specialty. Charcot's close interactions with some of the renowned medical men of his era and his influence on the subsequent careers of great personalities like Freud, for example, is well brought out. This is truly an outstanding publication.
Journal of the American Medical Association
This excellent book surveys Charcot's life and career. The three authors have melded their clinical and historical talents to relate Charcot to the France of his time. This work is recommended to anyone interested in the early development of clinical neurology.
K. Paul Poulouse
This is a new book on the life and times of the great French neurologist, Jean Martin Charcot. Beginning with his early years in Paris, his education as a physician, and, finally, establishing himself as a physician and professor of anatomical pathology at Salpetriere, the volume is exhaustive in its coverage. "The authors have highlighted the dominant role played by Charcot in defining neurology as a specialty from the general field of medicine, and they have eminently succeeded in their objective. "The book is well researched, and the wealth of material in the book will be of great interest to neurologists, physicians, and medical students in addition to historians and librarians. The authors, two neurologists and a medical historian, have clearly succeeded in creating an outstanding biography on Charcot. "The illustrations are of good quality and add greatly to the attractiveness of this publication. The references are exhaustive and cover the broad range of this historical biography. However, the subtitle, ^^Constructing Neurology,^^ is not appealing and does not readily convey the authors' intent of emphasizing the key role played by Charcot in defining neurology as a specialty. The chronological table at the end of the book will be of immense value to historians and researchers. "This well-researched and comprehensive historical biography of Charcot, the best such publication I have seen to date, is an invaluable source of information for neurologists, physicians and physicians in training, historians, and librarians. It highlights Charcot's clinical-anatomical approach to neurological problems and the singular role he played in defining neurology as a distinct specialty.Charcot's close interactions with some of the renowned medical men of his era and his influence on the subsequent careers of great personalities like Freud, for example, is well brought out. This is truly an outstanding publication.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195076431
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 9.50 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 1.12 (d)

Table of Contents

'n 1 Education of a Physician
2. The Struggle for a Career in Paris Medicine
3. The Development of a Career in Neurology
4. Charcot's Major Neurological Interests
5. Charcot and the Artistry of Neurological Practice
6. Hysteria
7. Fame
8. Charcot's Private Life
9. Charcot's Death and Legacy

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