Charity and Power in Early Modern Italy: Benefactors and their Motives in Turin, 1541-1789

Charity and Power in Early Modern Italy: Benefactors and their Motives in Turin, 1541-1789

by Sandra Cavallo
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521460913

ISBN-13: 9780521460910

Pub. Date: 03/28/1995

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Departing from current interpretations of what motivated individuals to become involved in charity, this study of post-Renaissance Italy argues that conflicts and tensions in social and political surroundings were crucial in prompting charitable acts.  See more details below

Overview

Departing from current interpretations of what motivated individuals to become involved in charity, this study of post-Renaissance Italy argues that conflicts and tensions in social and political surroundings were crucial in prompting charitable acts.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521460910
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
03/28/1995
Series:
Cambridge Studies in the History of Medicine Series
Pages:
300
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of tables
Acknowledgments
Equivalent weights and measures
List of abbreviations
Introduction1
1Sixteenth-century municipal plans for poor relief12
The 1541 plan in Turin12
Civic ideology and provision for the poor18
New methods and conceptions of poor relief?23
A secularisation of charity?29
Turin's 'civic religion' in the late Middle Ages33
2Civic charity in the age of state formation39
The growth of municipal poor relief39
Responses to the plague44
Anti-famine policy57
Charitable resources for the poor and sick in 'normal times'69
Poor relief and city politics80
The rise of ducal charity86
3Motivations for charity98
From civic to voluntary charity98
Charity and the defence of status108
Corporate control over charity115
The internment of the poor120
Charity and prestige127
Charity and patronage140
The management of charity146
4Charity and gender153
Women and convents153
Asylums for penitents160
Women and property167
Charity as an expression of conflict within the family175
5Hospitals and poor relief in the age of absolutism183
Attacking the independence of charitable institutions183
The 1717 congregazioni di carita188
The first lying-in ward and school for midwives196
The hospital reforms of the 1730s208
The privatisation of charitable resources214
6The state system of relief225
Ambiguities in the government's poor relief policy225
From charities to workhouses229
The institutions change their architectural form233
New definitions of poverty in the second half of the eighteenth century241
Conclusion250
Bibliography258
Index271

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