Charles S. Peirce and the Philosophy of Science: Papers from the Harvard Sesquicentennial Congress

Charles S. Peirce and the Philosophy of Science: Papers from the Harvard Sesquicentennial Congress

by Edward C. Moore
     
 

ISBN-10: 081730665X

ISBN-13: 9780817306656

Pub. Date: 03/01/1993

Publisher: University of Alabama Press


Interest in Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is today worldwide. Ernest Nagel of Columbia University wrote in 1959 that "there is a fair consensus among historians of ideas that Charles Sanders Peirce remains the most original, versatile, and comprehensive philosophical mind this country has yet produced." The breadth of topics discussed in the present…  See more details below

Overview


Interest in Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is today worldwide. Ernest Nagel of Columbia University wrote in 1959 that "there is a fair consensus among historians of ideas that Charles Sanders Peirce remains the most original, versatile, and comprehensive philosophical mind this country has yet produced." The breadth of topics discussed in the present volume suggests that this is as true today as it was in 1959.

Papers concerning Peirce's philosophy of science were given at the Harvard Congress by representatives from Italy, France, Sweden, Finland, Korea, India, Denmark, Greece, Brazil, Belgium, Spain, Germany, and the United States. The Charles S. Peirce Sesquicentennial International Congress opened at Harvard University on September 5, 1989, and concluded on the 10th—Peirce's birthday. The Congress was host to approximately 450 scholars from 26 different nations. The present volume is a compilation of selected papers presented at that Congress.

The philosophy of science and its logic are themes in the work of Charles Peirce that have been of greatest interest to scholars. Peirce was himself a physical scientist. He worked as an assistant at the Harvard Astronomical Observatory from 1869 to 1872 and made a series of astronomical observations there from 1872 to 1875. Solon I. Bailey says of these observations, "The first attempt at the Harvard Observatory to determine the form of the Milky Way, or the galactic system, was made by Charles S. Peirce....The investigation was of a pioneer nature, founded on scant data."

Peirce also made major contributions in fields as diverse as mathematical logic and psychology. C. I. Lewis has remarked that "the head and font of mathematical logic are found in the calculus of propositional functions as developed by Peirce and Schroeder." Peirce subsequently invented, almost from whole cloth, semiotics - the science of the meaning of signs. Ogden and Richards, the British critics, say that "by far the most elaborate and determined attempt to give an account of signs and their meanings is that of the American logician C. S. Peirce, from whom William James took the idea and the term Pragmatism, and whose Algebra of Dyadic Relations was developed by Schroeder."

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780817306656
Publisher:
University of Alabama Press
Publication date:
03/01/1993
Pages:
512
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction: Charles S. Peirce and the Philosophy of Science1
Pt. 1Logic and Mathematics
1Peirce on the Conditions of the Possibility of Science17
2Peirce Realistic Approach to Mathematics: Or Can One Be a Realist without Being a Platonist?30
3Peirce as Philosophical Topologist49
4Peirce and Propensities60
5Induction and the Evolution of Conceptual Spaces72
6Abduction, Justification, and Realism89
7Peirce and the Logic of Logical Discovery105
8Truth, Laudan, and Peirce: A View from the Trenches119
9Peirce and Statistics130
10Peirce's View of the Vague and the Definite139
11The Test of Experiment: C. S. Peirce and E. S. Pearson161
12Pragmatism, Abduction, and Weak Verification175
13Peirce's Theory of Statistical Explanation186
14Peirce on Problem Solving208
Pt. 2The Physical Sciences
15Peirce as Participant in the Bohr-Einstein Discussion223
16From Peirce to Bohr: Theorematic Reasoning and Idealization in Physics233
17The Role of Potentiality in Peirce's Tychism and in Contemporary Discussions in Quantum Mechanics and Microphysics246
18Aristotle and Peirce on Chance262
Pt. 3The Life of the Mind
19Peirce's Definitions of the Phaneron279
20An Application of Peirce's Valency of Relations to the Phenomenon of Psychological Dissociation289
21Knowing One's Own Mind300
22Peirce's Psychophysics: Then and Now309
23Peirce and Self-Consciousness319
24The Relevance of Peirce for Psychology333
25Peircean Benefits for Freudian Theory: The Role of Abduction in the Psychoanalytic Enterprise350
26The Valuation of the Interpretant368
27The Riddle of Brute Experience: An Argument for a Revision of Psychoanalytic Theory Based on Peircean Phenomenology382
28Memory Morphology, and Mathematics: Peirce and Contemporary Neurostudies402
Index419

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