Charles XI and Swedish Absolutism, 1660-1697

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In the last decades of the seventeenth century Swedish king Charles XI, launched a remarkable bid to stabilize and secure Sweden's position as a major power in northern Europe and as master of the Baltic Sea. This project, which is almost unknown to students of history outside Sweden, involved a comprehensive overhaul of the government and institutions of the kingdom, on the basis of establishing Sweden as a model of absolute monarchy. This book gives an account of what was achieved under the direction of a distinctly unglamorous, but pious and conscientious ruler who was convinced of his Christian duty to secure the welfare of his kingdom and the subjects God had placed in his care.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"With this scholarly biography Upton fills a long-standing void in the literature of Swedish history in the early modern period....highly recommended for university and larger public libraries." Choice

"Upton writes clearly and well." Marc Raeff, American Historical Review

"Upton's Charles KXI is certainly the most important book on late seventeenth-century Sweden to appear in English to date." Paul Douglas Lockhart, The International History Review

"Anthony F. Upton's book builds on a thorough familiarity both with the archival material in Sweden and with the languages necessary for its use...this book, in its detailed account of one of the most extraordinary examples, provides ample evidence that no generalized model does justice to the many alternative routes to state formation." Journal of Modern History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521024488
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2006
  • Series: Cambridge Studies in Early Modern History Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.71 (d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
Swedish words used in the text
Currencies in use in Sweden
Comparative chronology
The Structure of government before and after 1680
List of abbreviations
1 Introduction: the historical background to Sweden's seventeenth-century crisis 1
2 The formative years: regency and war, 1660-1679 11
3 The defining of the absolute monarchy 31
4 The financial reconstruction 51
5 The indelningsverk and the rebuilding of the armed forces 71
6 The search for external security, 1679-1686 90
7 The consolidation of the absolutist system 107
8 Completing the superstructure 131
9 The royal government at work 151
10 The external territories under the absolutism 179
11 The maturing of Charles XI's foreign policies 201
12 The last years of the reign 213
13 The absolutism of Charles XI 251
Bibliography 262
Index 273
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