The Charm of Strange Quarks: Mysteries and Revolutions of Particle Physics / Edition 1

The Charm of Strange Quarks: Mysteries and Revolutions of Particle Physics / Edition 1

by R. Michael Barnett, Henry Muehry, Helen R. Quinn
     
 

ISBN-10: 0387988971

ISBN-13: 9780387988979

Pub. Date: 06/16/2000

Publisher: Springer New York

The Charm of Strange Quarks discusses the excitement of quarks, dark matter, and extra dimensions. It tells of a force so weak that humans cannot experience it, yet responsible for our very existence... A particle (the quark) not visible directly in any experiment, yet known to be the prime constituent of the atomic nucleus... A particle (the neutrino) so ephemeral…  See more details below

Overview

The Charm of Strange Quarks discusses the excitement of quarks, dark matter, and extra dimensions. It tells of a force so weak that humans cannot experience it, yet responsible for our very existence... A particle (the quark) not visible directly in any experiment, yet known to be the prime constituent of the atomic nucleus... A particle (the neutrino) so ephemeral it can traverse the diameter of Earth without interacting, yet physicists can make beams of them and cause collisions... Matter dark and unlike anything we experience on Earth, yet a major constituent of the universe...

These and similar mysteries are part of the revolution that has made particle physics a forefront science. Too often, however, the excitement of these ideas seems hidden behind complex presentations. This book conveys the excitement and a basic understanding of this fundamental topic.

Very recent developments in particle physics and cosmology are included. For example, some of the great mysteries of physics may be resolved if we postulate that there are extra dimensions of space, unseen by humans (this may involve string theory and black holes). Recent astrophysical experiments suggest that the expansion of the universe may be accelerating.

One remarkable aspect of modern physics is that the smallest objects in the world and the largest (the universe) are intimately tied together. Our knowledge of cosmology and astrophysics tells us about fundamental particles and forces, and vice versa.

A very lively chronology of the events of modern particle physics shows not only the learning process but also the missteps that occur in real research, and how even correct new ideas move only gradually from the status of fringe speculation to accepted view.

Some appendices will make the book more readily useful in a classroom setting and will interest teachers and other readers too.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780387988979
Publisher:
Springer New York
Publication date:
06/16/2000
Edition description:
1st ed. 2000. Corr. 2nd printing 2002
Pages:
306
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Contributors
Prologue
1The November Revolution1
2The Elusive Trail to the Standard Model11
3The Mystery of Flavors45
4Carriers of Force71
5Anything that Can Happen Will Happen85
6Precision Detectors Lead to Great Discoveries95
7Creating Extremely High-Energy Collisions121
8Astrophysics Meets Particle Physics143
9The Status of the Standard Model169
10A Historical Perspective on Particle Physics189
App. AThe Greek Alphabet209
App. B: Glossary211
App. CHow Detectors Work223
App. DBasic Physics Concepts Applied to Particles235
App. E. Suggested Reading285
People Index293
General Index295

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