Charting New Pathways to C4 Rice

Overview

Feeding Asia in the 21st century will require a second Green Revolution. However, unlike in the first generation, future yield increases will have to be grown using less water and nitrogen in a world of unfavorable climate change - this can only be done by increasing the efficiency of the photosynthetic system, i.e. developing a C4 rice plant. If and when achieved, it would be the first nonevolutionary example of reconstructing the primary metabolism of a plant. The impact of such a scientific achievement would ...
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Overview

Feeding Asia in the 21st century will require a second Green Revolution. However, unlike in the first generation, future yield increases will have to be grown using less water and nitrogen in a world of unfavorable climate change - this can only be done by increasing the efficiency of the photosynthetic system, i.e. developing a C4 rice plant. If and when achieved, it would be the first nonevolutionary example of reconstructing the primary metabolism of a plant. The impact of such a scientific achievement would be undeniable, but it requires either a superb feat of genetic engineering or forced evolution.

This book describes the alternative ways of achieving C4 photosynthesis in rice. Featuring contributions from leading experts, case studies are used to present views on how C4 rice might be constructed and applied, along with the socioeconomic implications that it entails. Ultimately, readers will be better informed about this highly relevant and timely topic of improving rice yield in a global environment grappling with unpredictable climate change.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789812709516
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/28/2008
  • Pages: 436

Table of Contents

Sect. 1 Seeing the Scene 1

How the rice crop works and why it needs a new engine J. E. Sheehy Sheehy, J. E. A. B. Ferrer Ferrer, A. B. P. L. Mitchell Mitchell, P. L. A. Elmido-Mabilangan Elmido-Mabilangan, A. R. Pabljco Pabljco, R. M. J. A. Dionora Dionora, M. J. A. 3

The case for C[subscript 4] rice R. L. Mitchell Mitchell, R. L. J. E. Sheehy Sheehy, J. E. 27

Agricultural research, poverty alleviation, and key trends in Asia's rice economy D. Dawe Dawe, D. 37

Catching up with the literature for C[subscript 4] rice: what we know now and didn't then R. L. Mitchell Mitchell, R. L. 55

Sect. 2 C[subscript 4] Rice From Theory To Practice 79

C[subscript 4] photosynthesis: minor or major adjustments to a C[subscript 3] theme? R. C. Leegood Leegood, R. C. 81

C[subscript 4] photosynthesis and CO[subscript 2] diffusion S. von Caemmerer von Caemmerer, S. J. R. Evans Evans, J. R. A. B. Cousins Cousins, A. B. M. R. Badger Badger, M. R. R. T. Furbank Furbank, R. T. 95

Nuclear regulation of chloroplast development in C[subscript 4] and C[subscript 3] plants J. A. Langdale Langdale, J. A. M. Waters Waters, M. E. C. Moylan Moylan, E. C. A. Bravo-Garcia Bravo-Garcia, A. 117

Balancing light capture with distributed metabolic demand during C[subscript 4] photosynthesis J. R. Evans Evans, J. R. T. C. Vogelmann Vogelmann, T. C. S. von Caemmerer von Caemmerer, S. 127

Redesigning C[subscript 4] rice from limited C[subscript 4] photosynthesis D. M. Jiao Jiao, D. M. 145

Overexpression of C[subscript 4] pathway genes in the C[subscript 3] dicots potato, tobacco, and Arabidopsis: experiences and future challenges C. Peterhansel Peterhansel, C. H.-J. Hirsch Hirsch, H.-J. F. KreuzalerKreuzaler, F. 163

Molecular evolution of C[subscript 4] photosynthesis in the dicot genus Flaveria: implications for the design of a C[subscript 4] plant U. Gowik Gowik, U. P. Westhoff Westhoff, P. 175

Learning from nature to develop strategies for the directed evolution of C[subscript 4] rice R. Sage Sage, R. T. L. Sage Sage, T. L. 195

The regulation of genes in C[subscript 3] plants that have been co-opted into C[subscript 4] photosynthesis, and implications for making a C[subscript 4] rice J. M. Hibberd Hibberd, J. M. 217

Sect. 3 Single-cell C[subscript 4] Systems 233

C[subscript 4] rice: early endeavors and models tested J. Burnell Burnell, J. 235

Breaking the Kranz paradigm interrestrial C[subscript 4] plants: does it hold promise for C[subscript 4] rice? G. E. Edwards Edwards, G. E. E. Voznesenskaya Voznesenskaya, E. M. Smith Smith, M. N. Koteyeva Koteyeva, N. Y.-I. Park Park, Y.-I. J. H. Park Park, J. H. O. Kiirats Kiirats, O. T. W. Okita Okita, T. W. S. D. X. Chuang Chuang, S. D. X. 249

Hydrilla: retrofitting a C[subscript 3] leaf with a single-cell C[subscript 4] NADP-ME system G. Bowes Bowes, G. S. K. Rao Rao, S. K. J. B. Relskind Relskind, J. B. G. M. Estavillo Estavillo, G. M. V. S. Rao Rao, V. S. 275

The ecology and evolution of single-cell C[subscript 4]-like photosynthesis in diatoms: relevance to C[subscript 4] rice J. A. Raven Raven, J. A. K. Roberts Roberts, K. E. Granum Granum, E. R. C. Leegood Leegood, R. C. 297

Sect. 4 The Background And How C[subscript 4] Rice Can Be Delivered 315

The promise of systems biology for deciphering the control of C[subscript 4] leaf development: transcriptome profiling of leaf cell types T. Nelson Nelson, T. S. L. Tausta Tausta, S. L. N. Gandotra Gandotra, N. T. Tiu Tiu, T. T. Ceserani Ceserani, T. M. Chen Chen, M. Y. Jiao Jiao, Y. L. Ma Ma, L. X.-W. Deng Deng, X.-W. N. Sun Sun, N. M. Holfold Holfold, M. N. Li Li, N. H. Zhao Zhao, H. 317

Toward C[subscript 4] rice: learning from the acclimation of photosynthesis in the C[subscript 3] leaf E. H. Murchie Murchie, E. H. P. Horton Horton, P. 333

Wild species of Oryza: a rich reservoir of genetic variability for rice improvement D. S. Brar Brar, D. S. J. M. Ramos Ramos, J. M. 351

C[subscript 4] rice: a plant breeder's perspective R. S. Virk Virk, R. S. S. Peng Peng, S. 361

From allele engineering to phenotype R. Herve Herve, R. 371

Sect. 5 Setting Up the Consortium 379

C[subscript 4] rice: brainstorming from bioinformaticians R. Bruskiewich Bruskiewich, R. S. Wanchana Wanchana, S. 381

Surveying the possible pathways to C[subscript 4] rice R. L. Mitchell Mitchell, R. L. J. E. Sheehy Sheehy, J. E. 399

Index 413

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