Charts of Modern and Postmodern Church History


Chart of Modern and Postmodern Church History provides a powerful visual tool for understanding the historic foundations on which contemporary Christianity rest. From geography, to theology, to doctrines both orthodox and heretical, to key figures and movements over the last three hundred years, the broad comprehensive scope of modern church history comes across simply, clearly, and with impact.
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Chart of Modern and Postmodern Church History provides a powerful visual tool for understanding the historic foundations on which contemporary Christianity rest. From geography, to theology, to doctrines both orthodox and heretical, to key figures and movements over the last three hundred years, the broad comprehensive scope of modern church history comes across simply, clearly, and with impact.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780310235309
  • Publisher: Zondervan
  • Publication date: 11/28/2004
  • Series: ZondervanChartsSeries Series
  • Edition description: BK&CD-ROM
  • Pages: 176
  • Product dimensions: 8.56 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. John D. Hannah (ThD, PhD) is distinguished professor of historical theology at Dallas Theological Seminary and research professor of theological studies. He has received numerous awards and has written several books, including The Glory of God Alone, The Kregel Pictorial Guide to Church History, and Our Legacy: A History of Christian Doctrine.
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Read an Excerpt

Charts of Modern and Postmodern Church History

By John D. Hannah


Copyright © 2004 John David Hannah
All right reserved.

ISBN: 0-310-23530-8

Chapter One


As a result of the Enlightenment, the Congregational Church was rocked by theological controversy in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. First, factions developed over the Great Awakening, the so-called New Lights viewing the revival positively and the so-called Old Lights viewing it quite the opposite. Ultimately, issues over a successor to the Hollis Chair of Divinity at Harvard College divided the denomination into Trinitarians and Unitarians.


Liberal movements within Congregationalism emerged in stages. Initially, it was reflected in ministers' rational revolt against Calvinism's harsh doctrinal features, such as election, divine justice, and human inability. In the early 1800s, Unitarianism emerged as a separate, more defined departure from traditional orthodoxy. In the 1830s some in the liberal tradition turned to intuition and the Romantic movement for inspiration and solace, becoming Transcendentalists. Many Congregationalists who reacted against the liberal tide took a middle ground embraced by New England Theology; those who attempted to maintain orthodoxy without denominational distinctives are the forebearers of current American evangelicalism.


The Great Awakening, spurred by the skillful preaching and literary productivity of Jonathan Edwards, may be seen as an attempt to refute a rationalistic spirit that was making significant progress among the clergy and laity of New England. In retrospect, Edwards' efforts proved inadequate.


Each phase of the revolt against orthodoxy in New England may be said to have had a representative. Charles Chauncy's clash with Jonathan Edwards reflected the initial phase. William Channing's "Unitarian Christianity" address (1819) defined the second phase and Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Divinity School Address" (1838) the last phase.


The founders of Universalism in America were John Murray (1720-78) and Hosea Ballou (1771-1852). More than a century later, the movement reached its most cogent statement in the Humanist Manifesto (1933). The Universalists eventually merged with a large segment of the Unitarian movement to become the Unity Church.


The Unitarian movement has an affinity with Congregational orthodoxy from which it developed. However, Unitarianism proposed such contrary interpretations of Christianity that it lost its essence and retained only its moral affiliations. Transcendentalism, while rooted in Unitarianism, went beyond the pale of Christian orthodoxy.


The conservative response to rationalist criticisms of Christianity was an intellectual movement called New England Theology. Though sometimes divided into Edwardians and Hopkinsians, the difference between this large coterie of educators and preachers was not so much theological as it was their areas of ministry-the pulpit or classroom. In general, New England theologians argued for doctrinal modification, not in whole but in part. Some thought that human responsibility could be preserved by denying the imputation of Adam's first sin, instead interpreting the sinfulness of the race as voluntary. Later advocates denied the penal substitution of Christ, opting for a moral interpretation of his death.


Excerpted from Charts of Modern and Postmodern Church History by John D. Hannah Copyright © 2004 by John David Hannah. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

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Table of Contents

The National Period of American Church History
Religious Change in New England: Theological Divisions within Congregationalism
1. Congregationalism in America
2. Developments within Nineteenth-Century American Theology
3. The History of Theological Change in New England
4. The Rise of Unitarianism in America
5. The History of Unitarianism in America
6. Orthodoxy, Unitarianism, and Transcendentalism: A Comparison
7. The Development of New England Theology
The Second Great Awakening, the Rise of Seminaries, and the Protestant Missionary Movement
8. The Eastern Phase of the Second Great Awakening: The Colleges
9. The Rural Phase of the Second Great Awakening: Camp Meetings
10. History of the Restoration Movement (The Christian Church)
11. Changes in Gospel Preaching: The Great Awakenings Compared
12. The Rise of Theological Seminaries
13. The Birth of the Modern Missions Movement
Charles Finney and Finneyism
14. Charles Finney: Shaper of American Revivalism
15. Charles Finney and the Death of Christ: A Legal Warning
16. Finney and Salvation: The Sinner’s Role and the Preacher’s Task
The Rise of Utopian Societies and the Classic American Cults
17. The Nineteenth Century: Rise of the Cults
18. The Leaders and Shapers of Mormonism
19. The Theology of Mormonism
20. The Rise of the Seventh-Day Adventist Movement
21. The Theology of Seventh-Day Adventism
22. The Theology of Christian Science
23. The Theology of Jehovah’s Witnesses
The Antebellum and Civil War Eras
24. The Presbyterian Schism of 1837: The New School and the Old School
25. The Influence of the Layman’s Prayer Revival of 1858
26. National Contradiction: Equal but Inferior
27. Three American Revolutions: The Quest for Equality
28. The Baptists, Slavery, and Division
29. The Presbyterians, Slavery, and Division
30. The Methodists, Slavery, and Division
The Modern Period of American Church History
The Background: The Rise of Nineteenth-Century European Liberalism
31. The Rise of the Sciences: The Root of Change in Religious Understanding
32. The Biblical Support for the Medieval, Static Theory of the Universe
33. Hegel and the History of Civilization
34. Hegel and the Theory of Progress
35. Auguste Comte: An Example of Progressive Thought
36. The Enlightenment and Traditional Religion: Schleiermacher’s Attempt to Preserve True Religion
37. Albrecht Ritschl: Liberalism and the Reduction of Christianity to Ethics
38. Liberalism and the History of Religions School
39. The Pioneers of the Theory of Evolution
The Rise of American Liberalism: The “New Theology”
40. Protestantism in Nineteenth-Century England
41. The Historical Sources of Nineteenth-Century American Liberalism
42. The Assumptions of “New Theology”
43. The “New Theology” and the Bible
44. The History of the American Liberal Tradition
45. Liberal Theology and Evangelical Theology: A Comparison
Denominational Strife and the Rise of Evangelicalism (1880–1930)
46. The History of American Evangelicalism
47. The Origin of the Bible Institutes in America
48. The Northern Baptists and the Fundamentalist Movement
49. The Course of Theological Development within Northern Presbyterianism
50. Northern Presbyterians and the Conflict at Princeton
51. The Northern Presbyterians and the Missions Controversy
Evangelicalism’s Triumph, Evangelicalism Today (1930–Present)
52. The Realignment of Evangelicalism in the 1930s and 1940s
53. The Restructuring of Evangelicalism: The Building of a New Coalition
54. The Presbyterian Separatist Movement
55. The Northern Baptist Separatist Movement
56. Baptist Separatism: The Bible Baptist Fellowship
57. The Methodist Separatist Movement
58. The Emergence of Interdenominational, Cooperative, Separatist Organizations
59. The Origins of the Independent Fundamental Churches of America
60. The Fracturing of the Evangelical Consensus: The Rise of New Evangelicalism
The American Liberal Impulse in the Twentieth Century
61. The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Theology in American
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