Charts of World Religions

Overview

Charts of World Religions provides an invaluable resource for students and anyone interested in understanding today’s complex religious mosaic. It allows quick comparison and contrast of numerous religions.

In clear, easy-to-understand charts, this book provides vital information on such topics as the origins of different religions, the nature of deity or ultimate spiritual reality, the source of spiritual truth, the nature of the human predicament, and the nature of ...

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Overview

Charts of World Religions provides an invaluable resource for students and anyone interested in understanding today’s complex religious mosaic. It allows quick comparison and contrast of numerous religions.

In clear, easy-to-understand charts, this book provides vital information on such topics as the origins of different religions, the nature of deity or ultimate spiritual reality, the source of spiritual truth, the nature of the human predicament, and the nature of salvation/enlightenment/liberation. Similarities and differences between various beliefs are brought out, and subdivisions of broad categories, such as various branches of Christianity and Islam, are detailed.
More than ninety charts appear in six major sections:
• Prolegomena to World Religions
• Comparison of World Religions
• Ancient Mediterranean Religions o Egyptian pantheon, Graeco-Roman deities, and more
• Western Religions o Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Baha’i, and Secular Humanism
• Eastern Religions o Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Shintoism, Confucianism, and Sikhism
• Indigenous Religions o African, Caribbean, and Native American

“Wayne House’s Charts of World Religions is an excellent resource for both the overall picture and the painstaking details of religious belief around the world.”—Win Corduan, professor of philosophy and religion, Taylor University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780310204954
  • Publisher: Zondervan
  • Publication date: 3/28/2006
  • Series: ZondervanChartsSeries Series
  • Edition description: Layflat
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 1,345,979
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

H. Wayne House (ThD, JD) is distinguished research professor of biblical and theological studies at Faith Seminary, Tacoma, Washington, and an adjunct professor of law at Trinity Law School, Trinity International University. He is the author of numerous books, including Charts of Cults, Sects, and Religious Movements; and Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine; and Charts of Apologetics and Christian Evidences. Dr. House is past president of the Evangelical Theological Society. He and his wife Leta reside in Silverton, Oregon.
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Table of Contents

Preface 11
Acknowledgments 13
Part 1. Prolegomena to World Religions
1. What Is Religion?
2. Four Functional Modes of Religion
3. Three Basic Views on Faith and Reason
4. Terms Relating to Religion
5. Six Dimensions of Religion
6. Do All Religions Lead to God?
7. Comparison of Foundational Religious Worldviews
Part 2. Comparison of World Religions
8. Major World Religions in Order of Founding
9. Comparison of Beliefs Among Religions
10. Holy Books of World Religions
Part 3. Ancient Mediterranean Religions
11. Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean World
12. Ancient Near Eastern Deities (Excluding Egypt)
13. Egyptian Paganism
14. Gods of the Egyptian Pantheon
15. Greek Paganism
16. Roman Paganism
17. Graeco-Roman Deities
Part 4. Western Religions
18. Historical Relationships of Western Religions
19. Comparison of Western Religions
Judaism
20. Timeline of Judaism
21. Judaism
22. Comparison of Beliefs within Judaism
23. Orthodox Judaism
24. Conservative Judaism
25. Reform Judaism
26. Hasidic Judaism
27. Jewish Scriptures According to Rabbinic Tradition
28. Jewish Holy Days
29. The Jewish Calendar
30. The Jewish Covenants
Christianity
31. Timeline of Christianity
32. Christianity
33. Comparison of Beliefs within Christianity
34. Roman Catholicism
35. Eastern Orthodoxy
36. Liberal Protestantism
37. Evangelical Protestantism
38. Fundamentalist Protestantism
39. Pentecostal-Charismatic Protestantism
40. Christian Creeds and Councils
41. Christian Holy Days
42. Christian Scriptures
Islam
43. Timeline of Islam
44. Islam
45. Comparison of Beliefs within Islam
46. Sunni Islam
47. Shi’ite Islam
48. Sufi Islam
49. Nation of Islam
50. Islamic Calendar and Holy Days
Baha’i
51. Timeline of Baha’i
52. Baha’i
Secular Humanism
53. Timeline of Secular Humanism
54. Secular Humanism
Part 5. Eastern Religions
55. Historical Relationships of Eastern Religions
56. Comparison of Eastern Religions
Hinduism
57. Timeline of Hinduism
58. Hinduism
59. Comparison of Beliefs within Hinduism
60. Brahmanism
61. Advaita Vedanta
62. Bhakti
63. Self-Realization Fellowship, Appendix on Transcendental Meditation
64. Ananda Marga Yoga Society
65. Hare Krishna (ISKCON)
Buddhism
66. Timeline of Buddhism
67. Buddhism
68. Comparison of Beliefs within Buddhism
69. Mahayana Buddhism, Appendix on Pure Land Buddhism
70. Theravada Buddhism
71. Vajrayana Buddhism
72. Zen Buddhism
73. Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism
Taoism
74. Timeline of Taoism
75. Taoism, Appendix on Religious Taoism
Jainism
76. Timeline of Jainism
77. Jainism
Zoroastrianism
78. Timeline of Zoroastrianism
79. Zoroastrianism
Shintoism
80. Timeline of Shinto
81. Shinto
Confucianism
82. Timeline of Confucianism
83. Confucianism
Sikhism
84. Timeline of Sikhism
85. Sikhism
Part 6. Indigenous Religions
86. Historical Relationships of Indigenous Religions
87. Comparison of Indigenous Religions
African
88. Timeline of African Traditional Religion
89. African Traditional Religion
Caribbean
90. Caribbean Religions
91. Comparison of Caribbean Religions
92. Timeline of Rastafari
93. Rastafari
94. Timeline of Santeria and Palo Mayombe
95. Santeria, Appendix on Palo Mayombe
96. Timeline of Umbanda and Candomblé
97. Umbanda, Appendix on Candomblé
98. Timeline of Voudon (Voodoo)
99. Voudon (Voodoo)
Native American
100. Timeline of Native American Religion
101. Native American Religion
Glossary 316
Sources 322
Recommended Reading List 336
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First Chapter

Charts of World Religions

Part 1
Prolegomena to
World Religions
Friedrich
Schleiermacher
(1768--1834)
'The essence of religion consists in the feeling of absolute dependence.'
James Martineau
(1805--1900)
'Religion is the belief in ... a Divine mind and will ruling the universe and holding moral relations with mankind.'
C. P. Tiele
(1830--1902)
'Religion is ... that pure and reverential disposition or frame of mind which we call piety.'
F. H. Bradley
(1846--1924)
'Religion is ... the attempt to express the complete reality of goodness through every aspect of our being.'
James Frazier
(1854--1941) '[Religion is] ... a propitiation or conciliation of powers superior to man.'
Emile Durkheim
(1858--1917)
'[Religion is] ... a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, ... which unite into one single moral community.'
Rudolf Otto
(1869--1937)
'Religion is that which grows out of, and gives expression to, experience of the holy in its various aspects.'
Paul Tillich
(1886--1965)
'Religion is the state of being grasped by an ultimate concern, a concern which qualifies all other concerns as preliminary and which itself contains the answer to the question of the meaning of our life.'
J. Milton Yinger
(1916-- )
'Religion is a system of beliefs and practices by means of which a group of people struggle with the ultimate problem of human life.'
John Hick
(1922-- ) 'Religion constitutes our varied human response to transcendent Reality.'
Ninian Smart
(1927--2001)
Six characteristics or dimensions of religion: 'the ritual, the mythological,
the doctrinal, the ethical, the social, and the experiential.'
Peter Berger
(1929-- )
'[Religion is] ... the establishment through human activity of an allembracing sacred order, that is, of a sacred cosmos that will be capable of maintaining itself in the ever-present face of chaos.'
James C. Livingston
(1930-- )
'Religion is that system of activities and beliefs directed toward that which is perceived to be of sacred value and transforming power.'
Roy A. Clouser
(1937-- )
'A religious belief is any belief in something or other as divine. 'Divine'
means having the status of not depending on anything else.'
Roland Robertson
(1938-- )
'[Religion pertains] to a distinction between an empirical and a superempirical,
transcendent reality: the affairs of the empirical being subordinated in significance to the non-empirical.'
What Is Religion?
Chart 1
Existential Faith and religious experience
Intellectual Formal statements of belief (a religion's central beliefs or truth claims)
Institutional Organizations advocating and transmitting beliefs
Ethical Teachings and beliefs that relate to moral conduct
Four Functional Modes of Religion
Strong Rationalism
In order for a religious belief system to be properly and rationally accepted, conclusive evidence must be provided that proves the belief system in question to be true.
Fideism
(Faith-ism)
Religious belief systems cannot (or ought not) be subjected to rational evaluation.
Critical Rationalism Religious belief systems can and should be rationally criticized and evaluated, even though conclusive proof of such systems is impossible.
Three Basic Views on Faith and Reason
Belief A statement that is taken to be true; a truth claim.
Experience
An event one lives through (either as a participant or as an observer) and about which one is conscious or aware. Such events are not merely emotional states; rather, they involve concepts and beliefs about the Being or Reality that is experienced.
Religious Statement A truth claim about God or Ultimate Reality and his or its relationship to the world.
Miracle
An event that is (1) contrary to ordinary human experience, and (2)
the result of divine activity. On one view, this divine activity 'breaks,'
'suspends,' or 'counteracts via a supernatural force' the laws of nature. On another, this divine activity causes occurrences that do not conform to the way in which reality is normally experienced.
Terms Relating to Religion
Charts 2, 3, 4
Experiential Personal spiritual experiences
Ritual Sacred activities expressed in worship, sacrifice, and other formalized practices
Myth Stories that encapsulate fundamental beliefs of a group
Social Institutional forms of religion
Ethics Moral codes and guides to behavior
Doctrine Systematization of beliefs
Six Dimensions of Religion
Position Viewpoint Advocates1
Religious
Exclusivism
There are elements of truth in other religions, but only one religion is comprehensively and fundamentally true.
One religion alone provides the way of salvation.
Old Testament Judaism
Historic Christianity
Orthodox Islam
Religious
Inclusivism
God might reveal himself and acts graciously in various ways and in diverse places. At the same time, it is affirmed that religious claims are either objectively true or objectively false.
Conservative Judaism
Post-Vatican II Roman
Catholicism
Modern Hindism
(Sarvapalli
Radhakrishnan)2
Religious
Pluralism
There are many valid religions and life-transforming religious experiences. Different religions embody varying responses to the same divine reality. Most religions can successfully facilitate salvation, liberation, or self-fulfillment.
Liberal Protestantism
John Hick3
Vajrayana Buddhism
Do All Religions Lead to God?
1 The list of advocates is only representative, not complete.
2 Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (1888--1975) was a professor at Oxford University who later became the second president of India.
3 Dr. John Hick (1922-- ) is a philosopher of religion and theology, who taught at Claremont Graduate
University in California and at the University of Birmingham in England.

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