Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response

Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response

by Committee on R&D Needs for Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical and Biological Terrorism Incidents, Institute of Medicine
     
 

ISBN-10: 0309061954

ISBN-13: 9780309061957

Pub. Date: 02/13/1999

Publisher: National Academies Press

The threat of domestic terrorism today looms larger than ever. Bombings at the World Trade Center and Oklahoma City's Federal Building, as well as nerve gas attacks in Japan, have made it tragically obvious that American civilians must be ready for terrorist attacks. What do we need to know to help emergency and medical personnel prepare for these attacks? Chemical

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Overview

The threat of domestic terrorism today looms larger than ever. Bombings at the World Trade Center and Oklahoma City's Federal Building, as well as nerve gas attacks in Japan, have made it tragically obvious that American civilians must be ready for terrorist attacks. What do we need to know to help emergency and medical personnel prepare for these attacks? Chemical and Biological Terrorism identifies the R&D efforts needed to implement recommendations in key areas: pre-incident intelligence, detection and identification of chemical and biological agents, protective clothing and equipment, early recognition that a population has been covertly exposed to a pathogen, mass casualty decontamination and triage, use of vaccines and pharmaceuticals, and the psychological effects of terror. Specific objectives for computer software development are also identified. The book addresses the differences between a biological and chemical attack, the distinct challenges to the military and civilian medical communities, and other broader issues. This book will be of critical interest to anyone involved in civilian preparedness for terrorist attack: planners, administrators, responders, medical professionals, public health and emergency personnel, and technology designers and engineers.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309061957
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
02/13/1999
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary1
1Introduction15
2Pre-Incident Communication and Intelligence: Linking the Intelligence and Medical Communities29
3Personal Protective Equipment34
4Detection and Measurement of Chemical Agents43
5Recognizing Covert Exposure in a Population65
6Detection and Measurement of Biological Agents78
7Patient Decontamination and Mass Triage97
8Availability, Safety, and Efficacy of Drugs and Other Therapies110
9Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment of Psychological Effects165
10Computer-Related Tools for Training and Operations174
11Conclusions and Recommendations184
References195
App. ACommittee and Staff Biographies215
App. BInventory of Chemical and Biological Defense Technology, with Gap and Overlap Analysis221
App. CLethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons260
App. DCenters for Disease Control and Prevention List of Restricted Agents263
Index265

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