Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

by Thomas S. Bianchi, Elizabeth A. Canuel
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691134146

ISBN-13: 9780691134147

Pub. Date: 03/21/2011

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of

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Overview

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way.

This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists.

  • Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments
  • The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves
  • Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers
  • Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments
  • Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient


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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691134147
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/21/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


Preface xi

Acknowledgments xix

Chapter 1. Metabolic Synthesis 1

Chapter 2. Chemical Biomarker Applications to Ecology and Paleoecology 19

Chapter 3. Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon 30

Chapter 4. Analytical Chemical Methods and Instrumentation 49

Chapter 5. Carbohydrates: Neutral and Minor Sugars 79

Chapter 6. Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines 98

Chapter 7. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Tools 127

Chapter 8. Lipids: Fatty Acids 144

Chapter 9. Isoprenoid Lipids: Steroids, Hopanoids, and Triterpenoids 169

Chapter 10. Lipids: Hydrocarbons 185

Chapter 11. Lipids: Alkenones, Polar Lipids, and Ether Lipids 207

Chapter 12. Photosynthetic Pigments: Chlorophylls, Carotenoids, and Phycobilins 221

Chapter 13. Lignins, Cutins, and Suberins 248

Chapter 14. Anthropogenic Markers 267

Appendix I. Atomic Weights of Elements 287

Appendix II. Useful SI Units and Conversion Factors 291

Appendix III. Physical and Chemical Constants 293

Glossary 295

Bibliography 309

Index 385

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