Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

by Thomas S. Bianchi, Elizabeth A. Canuel
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0691134146

ISBN-13: 9780691134147

Pub. Date: 03/21/2011

Publisher: Princeton University Press

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of

Overview

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way.

This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists.

  • Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments
  • The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves
  • Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers
  • Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments
  • Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691134147
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/21/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xix
Chapter 1. Metabolic Synthesis 1
Chapter 2. Chemical Biomarker Applications to Ecology and Paleoecology 19
Chapter 3. Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon 30
Chapter 4. Analytical Chemical Methods and Instrumentation 49
Chapter 5. Carbohydrates: Neutral and Minor Sugars 79
Chapter 6. Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines 98
Chapter 7. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Tools 127
Chapter 8. Lipids: Fatty Acids 144
Chapter 9. Isoprenoid Lipids: Steroids, Hopanoids, and Triterpenoids 169
Chapter 10. Lipids: Hydrocarbons 185
Chapter 11. Lipids: Alkenones, Polar Lipids, and Ether Lipids 207
Chapter 12. Photosynthetic Pigments: Chlorophylls, Carotenoids, and Phycobilins 221
Chapter 13. Lignins, Cutins, and Suberins 248
Chapter 14. Anthropogenic Markers 267
Appendix I. Atomic Weights of Elements 287
Appendix II. Useful SI Units and Conversion Factors 291
Appendix III. Physical and Chemical Constants 293
Glossary 295
Bibliography 309
Index 385

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