Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

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Overview

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way.

This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists.

  • Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments
  • The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves
  • Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers
  • Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments
  • Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient
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Editorial Reviews

Choice
Bianchi and Canuel have teamed up to create a comprehensive work on chemical biomarkers in aquatic ecosystems. . . . [T]he first textbook of its kind . . .
American Mineralogist
Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems is a significant contribution to the field of organic biogeochemistry. . . . The combined discussions of both the biochemical formation of the biomarkers, as well as of their utility as process indicators is of particular importance and almost unique to this book. Thus, the reader will be able to understand the biogeochemical basis for the use of these compounds as biomarkers, rather than taking their applicability on faith. This alone is a significant difference between this book and all others, and puts Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Systems in a class of its own.
— Josef P. Werne
American Mineralogist - Josef P. Werne
Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems is a significant contribution to the field of organic biogeochemistry. . . . The combined discussions of both the biochemical formation of the biomarkers, as well as of their utility as process indicators is of particular importance and almost unique to this book. Thus, the reader will be able to understand the biogeochemical basis for the use of these compounds as biomarkers, rather than taking their applicability on faith. This alone is a significant difference between this book and all others, and puts Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Systems in a class of its own.
From the Publisher
"Bianchi and Canuel have teamed up to create a comprehensive work on chemical biomarkers in aquatic ecosystems. . . . [T]he first textbook of its kind . . ."Choice

"Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems is a significant contribution to the field of organic biogeochemistry. . . . The combined discussions of both the biochemical formation of the biomarkers, as well as of their utility as process indicators is of particular importance and almost unique to this book. Thus, the reader will be able to understand the biogeochemical basis for the use of these compounds as biomarkers, rather than taking their applicability on faith. This alone is a significant difference between this book and all others, and puts Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Systems in a class of its own."—Josef P. Werne, American Mineralogist

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691134147
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 3/21/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 392
  • Sales rank: 1,251,117
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Thomas S. Bianchi is professor of oceanography at Texas A&M University. Elizabeth A. Canuel is professor of marine science at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary.

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Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xix
Chapter 1. Metabolic Synthesis 1
Chapter 2. Chemical Biomarker Applications to Ecology and Paleoecology 19
Chapter 3. Stable Isotopes and Radiocarbon 30
Chapter 4. Analytical Chemical Methods and Instrumentation 49
Chapter 5. Carbohydrates: Neutral and Minor Sugars 79
Chapter 6. Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines 98
Chapter 7. Nucleic Acids and Molecular Tools 127
Chapter 8. Lipids: Fatty Acids 144
Chapter 9. Isoprenoid Lipids: Steroids, Hopanoids, and Triterpenoids 169
Chapter 10. Lipids: Hydrocarbons 185
Chapter 11. Lipids: Alkenones, Polar Lipids, and Ether Lipids 207
Chapter 12. Photosynthetic Pigments: Chlorophylls, Carotenoids, and Phycobilins 221
Chapter 13. Lignins, Cutins, and Suberins 248
Chapter 14. Anthropogenic Markers 267
Appendix I. Atomic Weights of Elements 287
Appendix II. Useful SI Units and Conversion Factors 291
Appendix III. Physical and Chemical Constants 293
Glossary 295
Bibliography 309
Index 385

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