Chemical Evolution of the Universe: Faraday Discussion: Volume 133
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Chemical Evolution of the Universe: Faraday Discussion: Volume 133

by Royal Society of Chemistry
     
 

ISBN-10: 0854049983

ISBN-13: 9780854049981

Pub. Date: 11/27/2006

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry, The

This new title discusses recent astronomical observations of molecules in various regions and eras of the Universe, and on describing the processes that determine the chemistry. These processes include gas phase neutral exchanges and ion-molecule reactions, surface reactions on dust grains, and the radiative processing of dirty ices. Coverage includes chemistry in

Overview

This new title discusses recent astronomical observations of molecules in various regions and eras of the Universe, and on describing the processes that determine the chemistry. These processes include gas phase neutral exchanges and ion-molecule reactions, surface reactions on dust grains, and the radiative processing of dirty ices. Coverage includes chemistry in the early Universe and in galaxies at high redshift, the role of chemistry in star-forming regions, circumstellar disks and planet formation and habitable zones, astrochemistry as the initiator of astrobiology, and the role of cometary chemistry. Faraday Discussions document a long-established series of Faraday Discussion meetings which provide a unique international forum for the exchange of views and newly acquired results in developing areas of physical chemistry, biophysical chemistry and chemical physics. The papers presented are published in the Faraday Discussion volume together with a record of the discussion contributions made at the meeting. Faraday Discussions therefore provide an important record of current international knowledge and views in the field concerned.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780854049981
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry, The
Publication date:
11/27/2006
Series:
Faraday Discussions Series , #133
Pages:
466
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.38(d)

Table of Contents

Introductory Lecture The growth of molecular complexity in the Universe; Chemistry and cosmology; Extragalactic chemistry of molecular gas: lessons from the local universe; Raman association of H2 in the early universe; Are gas-phase models of interstellar chemistry tenable? The case of methanol; Observations of chemical differentiation in clumpy molecular clouds; General Discussion; Meteorite nanoparticles as models for interstellar grains: Synthesis and preliminary characterisation; Laboratory investigations of the role of the grain surface in astrochemical models; The formation of interstellar molecules via reactions on dust grain surfaces; The temperature-dependence of rapid low temperature reactions: experiment, understanding and prediction; Crossed-beam studies on the dynamics of the C + C2H2 interstellar reaction leading to linear and cyclic C3H + H and C3 + H2; Dissociative recombination of protonated methanol; General Discussion; Photoprocesses in protoplanetary disks; Reaction dynamics of carbon-bearing radicals in circumstellar envelopes of carbon stars; Carbon molecules in space: from astrochemistry to astrobiology; Laboratory measurements of the recombination of PAH ions with electrons: implications for the PAH charge state in interstellar clouds; Structure of vapour deposited adenine on a nanostructured perovskite surface studied by STM; VUV spectroscopy and photo-processing of astrochemical ices: an experimental study; Comparative studies of O2 and N2 in pure, mixed and layered CO ices; General Discussion; New trends in cometary chemistry; Between heaven and Earth: the exploration of Titan; Hydrogen cyanide polymers, comets and the origin of life; Small-scale-structure of the interstellar medium probed through diffuse band observations; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon nanoparticles and the diffuse interstellar bands; General Discussion; Concluding Remarks Future directions in astrochemistry

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