Chemicals in the Environment: Fate, Impacts, and Remediation

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Chemicals in the Environment: Fate, Impacts, and Remediation is devoted to the broad review of metals and organic compounds in the environment. The volume focuses on three main aspects of chemicals in the environment: 1) fate and transport in soil, sediment, water and air; 2) resulting environmental impacts in the environment, wildlife,
and humans, and 3) remediation methodologies and applications. An introductory chapter examines the history of metals and organic chemicals in the environment, exposure to these chemicals through food, air and water, identification of chemical hazards, process and scope of ecological impairment, fate and transport modeling, impacts and monitoring, and remediation methods.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Based on an August 2000 symposium that highlighted EPA research, this collection overviews progress made in understanding the movement of chemicals in soil and water, monitoring environmental impacts, and developing remediation methods. The 27 papers explore chemical fate and transport models, the use of molecular biology methods for measuring ecological indicators, and groundwater and soil remediation using electrical fields. Other topics include atmospheric sources of trace metals, speciation and chemical reactions of phosphonate chelating agents in aqueous media, analysis of sediment PAH contamination, and the mechanisms controlling chlorocarbon reduction at iron surfaces. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780841237766
  • Publisher: American Chemical Society
  • Publication date: 1/24/2002
  • Series: ACS Symposium Series , #806
  • Pages: 520
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

University of Maryland

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Mississippi State University

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Table of Contents

Chemicals in the Environment: An Overview 1
Theoretical Evaluation of the Interfacial Area between Two Fluids in a Model Soil 26
Environmental Impacts and Monitoring: A Historical Perspective on the Use of Natural Attenuation for Subsurface Remediation 42
Speciation and Chemical Reactions of Phosphonate Chelating Agents in Aqueous Media 59
The Effects of Soil/Sediment Organic Matter on Mineralization, Desorption, and Immobilization of Phenanthrene 95
Reductive Transformation of Halogenated Aliphatic Pollutants by Iron Sulfide 113
Non-Particle Resuspension Chemical Transport from Stream Beds 130
Development of the Speciation-Based Metal Exposure and Transformation Assessment Model (META4): Application to Copper and Zinc Problems in the Alamosa River, Colorado 150
Transport and Transformation Processes Affecting Organophosphorus Insecticide Loads in Surface Runoff 164
Assessing Atrazine Input and Removal Processes in the Chesapeake Bay Environment: An Overview 186
The Urban Atmosphere: An Important Source of Trace Metals to Nearby Waters? 203
Speciation and Distribution of Atmospheric Mercury over the Northern Chesapeake Bay 223
Atmospheric and Fluvial Sources of Trace Elements to the Delaware Inland Bays 243
Development and Application of Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Guidelines in the Assessment of Sediment PAH Contamination 260
Small Volume Sampling and GC/MS Analysis for PAH Concentrations in Water above Contaminated Sediments 275
Highly Sensitive Assay for Anticholinesterase Compounds Using 96 Well Plate Format 289
Temporal and Spatial Variation in Monitoring of Ambient Urban Air Pollutants 306
Trophic Transport of Metals in Birds: Birds as Indicators of Exposure and Effect 321
Genetic Diversity Provides a Useful Measure of Environmental Impacts 340
Plant Biomonitors: Pollution, Dandelions, and Mutation Rates 350
Molecular Identification of Chironomid Species 363
Integrating Site Characterization with Aquifer and Soil Remediation Design 384
Mechanisms Controlling Chlorocarbon Reduction at Iron Surfaces 397
Enhanced Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals by Bacterial Cells with Surface-Displayed Synthetic Phytochelatins 411
Solvated Electron (Na/NH[subscript 3]) Dechlorination of Model Compounds and Remediation of PCB- and CAH- Contaminated Wet Soils 419
Groundwater and Soil Remediation Using Electrical Fields 434
Influence of Nonionic Surfactants on the Bioavailability of Hexachlorobenzene for Microbial Reductive Dechlorination 449
Author Index 469
Subject Index 471
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