Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity

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This best-selling chemistry text integrates chemical principles and applications with generous amounts of descriptive chemistry. A uniquely beautiful and dynamic art program emphasizes the close relationship between macroscopic observations of chemical and physical changes, the symbols we use to describe them, and the way we view those changes at the atomic and molecular level.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780538773058
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 5/28/2010
  • Edition description: Older Edition

Meet the Author

John C. Kotz is an emeritus State University of New York Distinguished Teaching Professor at the College at Oneonta. Educated at Washington and Lee University, as well as Cornell University, he held National Institutes of Health postdoctoral appointments at the University of Manchester Institute for Science and Technology in England and at Indiana University. Professor Kotz has co-authored three textbooks in several editions - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, and THE CHEMICAL WORLD - along with the INTERACTIVE GENERAL CHEMISTRY CD-ROM. He also has published research on inorganic chemistry and electrochemistry. He was a Fulbright Lecturer and Research Scholar in Portugal in 1979 and a visiting professor there in 1992, as well as a visiting professor at the Institute for Chemical Education (University of Wisconsin, 1991-1992) and at Auckland University in New Zealand (1999). He also was an invited speaker at a meeting of the South African Chemical Society and at the biennial conference for secondary school chemistry teachers in New Zealand. In addition, a recent tenure as a mentor of the U.S. Chemistry Olympiad Team, Professor Kotz has received numerous honors, including a State University of New York Chancellor's Award (1979), a National Catalyst Award for Excellence in Teaching (1992), the Estee Lectureship in Chemical Education at the University of South Dakota (1998), the Visiting Scientist Award from the Western Connecticut Section of the American Chemical Society (1999), and the first annual Distinguished Education Award from the Binghamton (New York) Section of the American Chemical Society (2001).

Paul M. Treichel, received his B.S. degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1958 and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1962. After a year of postdoctoral study in London, he assumed a faculty position at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He served as department chair from 1986 through 1995 and was awarded a Helfaer Professorship in 1996. He has held visiting faculty positions in South Africa (1975) and in Japan (1995). Retiring after 44 years as a faculty member in 2007, he is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry. During his faculty career he taught courses in general chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organometallic chemistry, and scientific ethics. Professor Treichel's research in organometallic and metal cluster chemistry and in mass spectrometry, aided by 75 graduate and undergraduate students, has led to more than 170 papers in scientific journals. He may be contacted by email at

John R. Townsend, Professor of Chemistry at West Chester University of Pennsylvania, completed his B.A. in Chemistry as well as the Approved Program for Teacher Certification in Chemistry at the University of Delaware. After a career teaching high school science and mathematics, he earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in biophysical chemistry at Cornell University, where he also received the DuPont Teaching Award for his work as a teaching assistant. After teaching at Bloomsburg University, he joined the faculty at West Chester University, where he coordinates the chemistry education program for prospective high school teachers and the general chemistry lecture program for science majors. He has been the university supervisor for more than 60 prospective high school chemistry teachers during their student teaching semester. His research interests are in the fields of chemical education and biochemistry. He may be contacted by email at

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Table of Contents

The Basic Tools of Chemistry
1 Matter and Measurement 8
2 Atoms and Elements 44
3 Molecules, Ions, and Their Compounds 78
4 Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry 118
5 Reactions in Aqueous Solution 146
6 Principles of Reactivity: Energy and Chemical Reactions 200
The Structure of Atoms and Molecules
7 Atomic Structure 250
8 Atomic Electron Configurations and Chemical Periodicity 286
9 Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts 322
10 Bonding and Molecular Structure: Orbital Hybridization and Molecular Orbitals 378
11 Carbon: More than Just Another Element 418
States of Matter
12 Gases and Their Properties 470
13 Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids 508
14 Solutions and Their Behavior 556
The Control of Chemical Reactions
15 Principles of Reactivity: Chemical Kinetics 600
16 Principles of Reactivity: Chemical Equilibria 654
17 Principles of Reactivity: Chemistry of Acids and Bases 690
18 Principles of Reactivity: Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria 738
19 Principles of Reactivity: Entropy and Free Energy 788
20 Principles of Reactivity: Electron Transfer Reactions 826
The Chemistry of the Elements
21 The Chemistry of the Main Group Elements 880
22 The Chemistry of the Transition Elements 922
23 Nuclear Chemistry 960
A Some Mathematical Operations 2
B Some Important Physical Concepts 10
C Abbreviations and Useful Conversion Factors 13
D Physical Constants 17
E Naming Organic Compounds 19
F Values for the Ionization Energies and Electron Affinities of the Elements 23
G Vapor Pressure of Water at Various Temperatures 24
H Ionization Constants for Weak Acids at 25[degree]C 25
I Ionization Constants for Weak Bases at 25[degree]C 27
J Solubility Product Constants for Some Inorganic Compounds 28
K Formation Constants for Some Complex Ions in Aqueous Solution 30
L Selected Thermodynamic Values 31
M Standard Reduction Potentials in Aqueous Solution at 25[degree]C 37
N Answers to Exercises 40
O Answers to Selected Study Questions 59
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