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Chemistry of Hazardous Materials, Sixth Edition, covers basic chemistry for emergency responders, guiding students who are often non-science majors through the process of understanding the chemical properties that make materials hazardous. This text covers many essential hazardous materials topics, such as the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemical Substances (GHS); terrorist threats relative to biological, chemical, and radioactive agents; and the latest best practices for the handling and storage of hazardous materials. This new edition continues to emphasize the hazardous materials regulations established by the OSHA, the U.S. D.O.T., and the EPA.
Online supplemental teaching materials are available to help instructors and students get the most from their EMS course.
Incl. aspects of the DOT hazardous materials regulations, water-reactive substances, oxidizers, organic compounds etc.
Unforeseen events occurred in the world since the publication of the third edition of Chemistry of Hazardous Materials. They include the intentional use by terrorists of hazardous materials capable of killing or severely harming large segments of the civilized population. These traumatic incidents have caused emergency responders to address special ways of effectively reducing the impact of a terrorist act. For this reason, in this fourth edition, I introduce the hazardous materials likely to be encountered when terrorists use destructive materials. I identify these materials and the properties that cause them to be hazardous and suggest ways of effectively responding when they are encountered. I also exercise a certain degree of care when discussing them. For obvious reasons, I intentionally avoid reporting on the manners by which they can be produced.
As in earlier editions of this book, I continue to emphasize the hazardous materials regulations promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the Environmental Protection Agency. In this edition, I have updated the regulations to reflect changes that have occurred since publication of the third edition.
I have worked to make this fourth edition more comprehensive and easier for nonscientists to learn and understand. To do so, I crafted performance goals so students are apprised up front of what they should learn in each section. I have also listed the names of chemical substances under each formula in every equation so students can more readily comprehend the relevant chemical change. I also constructed new Solved Exercises and ReviewExercises, and I expanded the glossary to include the definitions of new technical terms and phrases in use by emergency responders.
During the preparation of this book, I have considered the advice of several individuals. For the combination of their comments, I am extremely grateful. Sincerest thanks are due to the following individuals who, despite their heavy responsibilities and workloads, found the time to provide careful reviews and critiques of the entire manuscript or selected chapters thereof: John M. Eversole, Chicago Fire Department (retired), Chicago, Illinois; Gerald LaFlamme, Quinsigamond Community College, Worcester, Massachusetts, and Chief, Shrewsbury Fire Department, Shrewsbury, Massachusetts; Jeffrey T. Lindsey, Estero Fire Rescue, Estero, Florida; Chris Hawley, Baltimore County Fire Department, Baltimore, Maryland; Gary Kistner, San Antonio College, San Antonio, Texas; James F Ross, Mercer County Community College, Trenton, New Jersey; and Donald L. Walsh, Chicago Fire Department, Chicago, Illinois. Special thanks are also due to Ms. Katrin Beacom, Senior Editor, and Ms. Kierra Kashickey, Editorial Assistant, Prentice Hall/Brady, for their assistance and input during preparation of the manuscript. A big thank you to the copy editor, Ms. Kristin Landon, and the project manager, Ms. Penny Walker, whose tireless efforts converted the manuscript into this book.
Finally, as with the preceding editions, I extend an extra special thank you to my wife, Phyllis, for her critical review of the manuscript and her support throughout the hours needed to complete this project. Her constant love, never-ending encouragement, and patience have always influenced my writing. To her, I dedicate this fourth edition.
|Ch. 2||Some Features of Matter and Energy||39|
|Ch. 3||Flammable Gases and Flammable Liquids||88|
|Ch. 4||Chemical Forms of Matter||134|
|Ch. 5||Principles of Chemical Reactions||168|
|Ch. 6||Aspects of the DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations||209|
|Ch. 7||Chemistry of Some Common Elements||260|
|Ch. 8||Chemistry of Some Corrosive Materials||309|
|Ch. 9||Chemistry of Some Water-Reactive Substances||353|
|Ch. 10||Chemistry of Some Toxic Substances||389|
|Ch. 11||Chemistry of Some Oxidizers||459|
|Ch. 12||Chemistry of Some Hazardous Organic Compounds||507|
|Ch. 13||Chemistry of Some Polymeric Materials||603|
|Ch. 14||Chemistry of Some Explosive Materials||646|
|Ch. 15||Radioactive Materials||686|
|Hazardous Materials Index||767|