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"I very much congratulate the authors. This is by far the best environmental chemistry text that I have read." —Professor John Perona, University of California at Santa Barbara
"The authors provide clear and concise explanations and do a good job of integrating calculations throughout the book. This book is useful both for students learning to apply chemical concepts to understand the environment and for instructors seeking a distinct perspective and important data on the environment." —Professor Keith Kuwata, Macalester College
"No other text in environmental chemistry so nicely balances breadth, depth and readability." —Professor A.D. Anbar, Arizona State University
Chemistry of the Environment, 3rd Edition, is a concise, clear and current account of today's environmental issues and the science one needs to understand them. This intermediate-level text, which recommends General Chemistry as a prerequisite, systematically lays out themes of sustainability, atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biospheres, while stressing the interconnectedness of environmental problems and solutions. The completely revised third edition explains the natural chemical cycles, and how humans affect them. It also analyzes strategies for ameliorating human impacts. This stimulating new text uses concise, straightforward language and an accessible narrative style to inform quantitative thinking.
|Ch. 1||Energy Flows and Supplies||3|
|Ch. 2||Fossil Fuels||19|
|Ch. 3||Nuclear Energy||44|
|Ch. 4||Renewable Energy||74|
|Ch. 5||Energy Utilization||98|
|Ch. 7||Oxygen Chemistry||180|
|Ch. 8||Stratospheric Ozone||194|
|Ch. 9||Air Pollution||216|
|Ch. 10||Water Resources||253|
|Ch. 11||From Clouds to Runoff: Water as Solvent||266|
|Ch. 12||Water and the Lithosphere||282|
|Ch. 13||Oxygen and Life||307|
|Ch. 14||Water Pollution and Water Treatment||333|
|Ch. 15||Nitrogen and Food Production||357|
|Ch. 16||Pest Control||382|
|Ch. 17||Toxic Chemicals||407|
This book is about environmental issues and the chemistry behind them. It is not a methods book, nor is it a catalog of pollutants and remediation options. It aims to deepen knowledge of chemistry and of the environment and to show the power of chemistry as a tool to help us comprehend the changing world around us.
In the six years since the first edition of Chemistry of the Environment was published, the frontiers of environmental science have advanced rapidly, and the debates on environmental issues have shifted ground. In this new edition, we have updated the various strands of our environmental story by integrating new facts and figures in the text, tables, and diagrams. Recognizing that no book on environmental themes can stay current for long, we plan to post further updates on our website. Some of the new material e.g., ocean chemistry and the inorganic carbon cycle (pp. 284-288), or the evolution of the oxygen atmosphere (pp. 316-319) might have been included earlier, but some topics had not surfaced six years ago. These include genetically modified crops (pp. 401-406), carbon sequestration as a strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (pp. 423, 288), and contamination of drinking water by the gasoline additive MTBE (pp. 260, 271, 344).
Chemistry of the Environment can be used in a one- or two-term environmental chemistry course. The instructor in a one-term course will want to pick a limited set of the book's topics for special emphasis; in a two-term course there would be time to address other topics and to explore the underlying chemical principles in more detail. The new edition is also suitable for basic environmental sciencecourses. Readers will find that the biggest change from the first edition is improved accessibility through reorganization and expansion of the basic chemistry. We have separated background material relevant to the understanding of the topic under discussion into boxes marked Fundamentals. We have also added additional basic material, to help those readers without exposure to college chemistry, and to refresh the memories of those who have had such exposure. In addition, we have included worked problems in other boxes, and have added more end-of-chapter problems. A periodic table is now included, as is an Appendix that gives a brief introduction to organic chemical structures. Some of the Fundamentals boxes contain non-chemical background information e.g., how to relate reservoirs and flows in environmental chemical cycles, p. 285-286.
In addition, we have separated the more advanced or specialized technical information into other boxes called Strategies, which readers can read or skip at their discretion. In this way, the environmental story line is unimpeded by background or technical information. We hope that these changes will make the book easier to read, and also more useful as a textbook.
We are indebted to a number of colleagues for reviewing parts of the manuscript, and/or providing new material: Drs. Michael Bender, Andrew Bocarsly, Harold Feiveson, Robert Goldston, Peter Jaffe, Hiram Levy, Francois Morel, Steve Pacala, Lynn Russel, Jorge Sarmiento, Daniel Sigman, Robert Socolow, Valerie Thomas (all from Princeton University); Trace Jordan (New York University); Bibudhendra Sarkar (University of Toronto); David Walker (University of British Columbia); and Chris Weber (student assistant, University of Iowa). Helen Spiro provided encouragement throughout the writing, and key editorial advice. Thanks also to Marie Stigliani—her companionship on bicycle trails along the Cedar River provided balance to long days at the office.
Instructor's Solutions Manual—(0-13-017843-8) Contains the full solution to all end-of-chapter problems and is available to instructors upon adoption.