Chemistry of the Environment / Edition 1

Chemistry of the Environment / Edition 1

by Thomas G. Spiro, William M. Stigliani
     
 

ISBN-10: 0024152617

ISBN-13: 9780024152619

Pub. Date: 03/19/1996

Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference

"I very much congratulate the authors. This is by far the best environmental chemistry text that I have read." —Professor John Perona, University of California at Santa Barbara

"The authors provide clear and concise explanations and do a good job of integrating calculations throughout the book. This book is useful both for students learning to apply

Overview

"I very much congratulate the authors. This is by far the best environmental chemistry text that I have read." —Professor John Perona, University of California at Santa Barbara

"The authors provide clear and concise explanations and do a good job of integrating calculations throughout the book. This book is useful both for students learning to apply chemical concepts to understand the environment and for instructors seeking a distinct perspective and important data on the environment." —Professor Keith Kuwata, Macalester College

"No other text in environmental chemistry so nicely balances breadth, depth and readability." —Professor A.D. Anbar, Arizona State University

Chemistry of the Environment, 3rd Edition, is a concise, clear and current account of today's environmental issues and the science one needs to understand them. This intermediate-level text, which recommends General Chemistry as a prerequisite, systematically lays out themes of sustainability, atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biospheres, while stressing the interconnectedness of environmental problems and solutions. The completely revised third edition explains the natural chemical cycles, and how humans affect them. It also analyzes strategies for ameliorating human impacts. This stimulating new text uses concise, straightforward language and an accessible narrative style to inform quantitative thinking.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780024152619
Publisher:
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date:
03/19/1996
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
356
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 9.58(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

I. ENERGY.

1. Energy Flows and Supplies.

Prologue on Energy and Sustainability. Natural Energy Flows. Human Energy Consumption. Human Energy Sources.

2. Fossil Fuels.

Carbon Cycle. Origins of Fossil Fuels. Fuel Energy. Petroleum. Gas. Coal. Decarbonization.

3. Nuclear Energy.

Nuclei, Isotopes, and Radioactivity. Naturally Occurring Radioisotopes. Decay Chains: The Radon Problem. Radioactivity: Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation. Radiation Exposure. Fission. Hazards of Nuclear Power. Is Nuclear power Part of the Future? Fusion.

4. Renewable Energy.

Solar Heating. Solar Thermal Electricity. Photovoltaic Electricity. Biomass. Hydroelectricity. Wind Power. Ocean Energy. Geothermal Energy.

5. Energy Utilization.

Heat Engine Efficiencies. Fuel Cells. Space Heating, Cogeneration. Electricity Storage: The Hydrogen Economy. The Materials Connection. Systems Efficiency. Energy and Society.

II. ATMOSPHERE.

6. Climate.

Radiation Balance. Albedo: Particles and Clouds. Greenhouse Effect. Climate Modeling. International Agreements on Greenhouse Gases.

7. Oxygen Chemistry.

Nitrogen Oxides: Free Energy. Nitrogen Oxides: Kinetics. Free Radical Chain Reactions.

8. Stratospheric Ozone.

Atmospheric Structure. Ultraviolet Protection by Ozone. Ozone Chemistry. Catalytic Destruction of Ozone. Polar Ozone Destruction. Ozone Projections. CFC Substitutes.

9. Air Pollution.

Pollutants and Their Effects. Photochemical Smog. Emission Control. Reformulated Gasoline: Oxygenates.

III.HYDROSPHERE/LITHOSPHERE.

10. Water Resources.

Global Perspective. Irrigation. Groundwater. U.S. Water Resources. The Oceans. Water as Solvent and as a Biological Medium.

11. From Clouds to Runoff: Water as Solvent.

Unique Properties of Water. Acids, Bases, and Salts. Conjugate Acids and Bases; Buffers. Water in the Atmosphere: Acid Rain.

12. Water and the Lithosphere.

Earth as Acid-Base Reactor. Organic and Inorganic Carbon Cycles. Weathering and Solubilization Mechanisms. Effects of Acidification.

13. Oxygen and Life.

Redox Reactions and Energy. Aerobic Earth. Water as Ecological Medium.

14. Water Pollution and Water Treatment.

Water Use and Water Quality: Point and Nonpoint Sources of Pollution. Regulation of Water Quality. Water and Sewage Treatment. Health Hazards.

IV. BIOSPHERE.

15. Nitrogen and Food Production.

Nitrogen Cycle. Agriculture. Nutrition.

16. Pest Control.

Insecticides. Herbicides. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

17. Toxic Chemicals.

Acute and Chronic Toxicity. Cancer. Hormonal Effects. Persistent Organic Pollutants: dioxins and PCBs. Toxic Metals.

Appendix: Organic Structure.

Hydrocarbons: Alkanes. Branched Chains; Isomers. Rings. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons. Molecular Shape. Carbon Framework Representations. Aromatic Compounds. Hetero-Atoms; Functional Groups.

Index.

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