Chief Rabbi, the Pope, and the Holocaust: An Era in Vatican-Jewish Relations / Edition 1

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Overview

In February 1945, Israele Zolli, chief rabbi of Rome's ancient Jewish community, shocked his co-religionists in Italy and throughout the Jewish world by converting to Catholicism and taking as his baptismal name, Eugenio, to honor Pope Pius XII (Eugenio Pacelli) for what Zolli saw as his great humanitarianism toward the Jews during the Holocaust. Almost a half a century after his conversion, Zolli still evokes anger and embarrassment in Italy's Jewish community. This book is the first authoritative treatment of this astonishing story.

What induced Zolli to embrace Catholicism will probably never be known. Nonetheless, by painstaking scholarly detective work, through interviews in Italy and elsewhere, through the unearthing of private papers not previous known to exist, and through the study of previous inaccessible archival materials, the authors have succeeded in explaining why Zolli left the Jewish fold and joined the Catholic Church.

Like Zolli's rabbinical career, Pius XII's long pontificate tells us much about the Church of Rome and its relationship to the Jewish people, particularly with reference to the issue of conversion. The authors focus on the pontiff's World War II policies vis-à-vis the Jews, a subject that has been heatedly debated since Rolf Hochhuth's The Deputy was performed in the early 1960s. What Pacelli knew abut the extermination of the Jews and when he knew it, what he said and failed to say, are given special attention in this book. Through the examination of previous scholarship and primary materials (including Pius XI's encyclical on race and anti-Semitism, Pacelli's behavior is evaluated to determine if Zolli accurately gauged the Holy Father's efforts to save Jews. This saga of the two Eugenios will interest historians of the Second World War and the Holocaust and students of history alike.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A picture of a strange time and strange action with intellectual explanation, The Chief Rabbi, the Pope, and the Holocaust is solid reading for religious students." – The Midwest Book Review "This book is well conceived, shows excellent scholarship, and is a valuable contribution to both the Holocaust literature and the literature of Jewish-Catholic relations..." – Harry James Cargas, Shofar
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780887384165
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 1/1/1991
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert G. Weisbord is professor of history at the University of Rhode Island. He is the author of many books and articles on black Americans and African history and Jewish History.

Wallace P. Sillanpoa is professor emeritus of Italian at the University of Rhode Island. He has published a number of articles on Antonio Gramsci, Pier Pablo Pasolini, and the Italian-American poet and activist Arturo Giovannitti.

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Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction     1
The Jews and the Papacy     11
The Controversy Over Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, Part I     33
The Controversy Over Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust, Part II     61
Chief Rabbi Zolli in Trieste     89
Chief Rabbi Zolli and the Holocaust     111
The Baptized Rabbi of Rome     127
The Zolli Conversion: Background, Motives, and Legacy     151
Epilogue-the Vatican and the Jews since the Holocaust     179
Bibliography     205
Index     227
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