Childhood in America / Edition 1

Childhood in America / Edition 1

by Paula S. Fass

The family lies at the center of raging public debates over work, parenthood, welfare, and values-debates that cut across lines of race, politics, and class. In the media, in discussions of public policy, and in the courts, this debate is critically about our children, their present welfare and future prospects. Still, the subject of childhood has received little… See more details below


The family lies at the center of raging public debates over work, parenthood, welfare, and values-debates that cut across lines of race, politics, and class. In the media, in discussions of public policy, and in the courts, this debate is critically about our children, their present welfare and future prospects. Still, the subject of childhood has received little systematic attention.

Childhood in America explores how children have been defined and continuously redefined throughout history. Bringing together a vast array of selections from past and present, from seventeenth-century ministers to Drs. Benjamin Spock and Barry Brazelton, from the poems of Anne Bradstreet to the writings of today's young people, this lively anthology brings to light the central issues surrounding American children.

Twelve sections, covering childbirth through adolescence, explore such issues as health, learning, gender, child rearing, ethnicity, and work. The volume also emphasizes aspects of children and child rearing not usually discussed, such as sexuality and children's rights. Each section has been carefully selected and introduced by the authors.

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Product Details

New York University Press
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
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Product dimensions:
6.93(w) x 9.85(h) x 1.91(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Childhood in America: Past and Present1
1Before the Birth of One of Her Children11
2Women as Childbearers, 1650-175012
3Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America16
4Mothers' Sacred Duty: Breast-Feeding Patterns among Middle- and Upper-Class Women in the Antebellum South20
5Reconstructing Motherhood: The La Leche League in Postwar America23
6Amazing Births: Medical History in "Miracle" Births29
7Woman Gives Birth to Baby Conceived outside the Body32
8The Eggs, Embryos, and I35
9The Egg Women38
10Choosing Childlessness41
11Thoughts on Child Rearing44
12The Use of Reason in Child Rearing45
14The Cry52
15Too Much Mother Love54
16The Mother-Child Dyad Revisited: Perceptions of Mothers and Children in Twentieth-Century Child-Rearing Manuals56
17Child Science and the Rise of the Experts61
18The Construction of Reality in the Child64
19Understanding the Infant67
20Mothers and Fathers Working and Rearing Children72
21In Reference to Her Children, 23 June, 165979
22Breeching Little Ffrank82
23Suits and Frocks83
24American Girlhood in the Nineteenth Century87
25Nineteenth-Century Boys' Literature90
26Briar Rose95
27Little Women98
28Nancy Drew and the Secret of the Old Clock100
29The Sexual Life of the Child102
30Feminine Psychology104
31Male and Female: Sex and Temperament108
32Infantile Sexuality110
33Moral Reasoning in Girls and Boys116
34How Schools Shortchange Girls119
35Courtship and Gender Differences125
36Children's Voices from the Civil War129
37Adolescence in Historical Perspective132
38The Physiology and Psychology of Adolescence139
39Compulsory Schooling and Parent-Adolescent Relations142
40The Natural History of the Gang146
41Adolescent Girls in Samoa and America149
42Identity, Youth, and Crisis153
43Anorexia Nervosa in the 1980s161
44Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls166
45Families Started by Teenagers169
46Why the Young Kill177
48The Member of the Wedding183
49Manchild in the Promised Land187
50Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story191
51Adulthood? Later, Dude!196
52Family Life in Plymouth Colony203
53Protecting Children from Abusing Masters206
54Inculcating Self-Discipline208
55Introducing Children into the Social Order211
56A Milder and Warmer Family Government216
57Learning Self-Control218
58The Life of a Slave Child221
59Managing Young Children223
60Corporal Punishment227
61Cracking Down on Kids229
62Fathers/Masters: Children/Servants237
63Children's Involuntary Labor241
64Apprentices, Servants, and Child Labor244
65Children and Manufactures248
66Choosing a Trade249
67Children in the Mills251
68Children at Work in the City253
69A Child Worker in the Garment Industry256
70The Changing Social Value of Children260
71Coming of Age in Mississippi263
72Children and the New Deal265
73American Children in the Second World War269
74Child Labor and the Law272
75Working Children in Contemporary Chinatown275
76Education and the Concept of Childhood283
77Family Instruction in Early Massachusetts286
78A Puritan Education288
80Moral Education for Citizenship294
81The Education of Mary Anna Longstreth296
82Tom Sawyer's Examination Day298
83The Child and the Curriculum303
84Testing the IQ of Children307
85For the Love of Books313
86School Desegregation318
87Education in the Post-Sputnik Era321
88Children of Crisis326
89Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez331
90The Quest for Clarity333
91Children and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act337
92The Theory of Multiple Intelligences339
93Mother's Little Helper: Ritalin and Attention Deficit Disorder343
94Kidnapping and White Servitude349
95Orphans' Court352
96Abraham Lincoln and Sarah Bush Lincoln355
97A Childhood in Slavery357
98Placing Orphan Children with Farm Families359
99Huckleberry Finn367
100Shadow of the Plantation: Separation and Adoption371
101Surviving the Breakup: How Children Respond to Divorce374
102Solomon's Children: The New Biologism, Psychological Parenthood, Attachment Theory, and the Best Interests Standard381
103Fit to Be a Parent?387
104Lesbian Parents in Custody Disputes391
105Surrogacy and Child Custody395
106Teenage Voices from Foster Care399
107Foster Care and the Politics of Compassion404
108Orphanage Revival Gains Ground410
109Waifs of the City's Slums417
110Preserving the Home422
111The Mothers' Aid Movement424
112Infant Mortality427
114"Welcome to Willowbrook"436
115Kidnapping in Contemporary America438
116The Last Frontier in Child Abuse444
117By Silence Betrayed: The Sexual Abuse of Children in America449
118Miscounting Social Ills453
119Psychiatric Hospitals for Juveniles?456
120Couple Held in Beating of Daughter459
121A Glimpse into a Hell for Helpless Infants462
122An Infant's Death, an Ancient "Why?"466
123Media Violence and Children469
124A Teenage Voice from Foster Care473
125The Turn of the Screw481
126Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture488
127Polymorphous Perversity491
128Delinquent Daughters: The Age-of-Consent Campaign494
129Coming of Age in Samoa499
130Preadolescent Sexuality500
132The Disappearance of Childhood: The Total Disclosure Medium515
133The Assault on Truth: Freud's Suppression of the Seduction Theory518
134The Unraveling of a Monstrous Secret521
135On Prison Computer, Files to Make Parents Shiver524
136The Politics of Parental Notification530
137The Family in the Social Order537
138The Child-Saving Movement539
139The Progressive-Era Transformation of Child Protection, 1900-1920543
140The State as Superparent549
141The Children's Bureau555
142The Establishment of Juvenile Courts559
143Juvenile Court and the Artistry of Approach566
144The Children's Charter570
145The First Amendment in School573
146Juveniles' Right to Due Process578
147Punishing Very Young Criminals585
148Vote for Eighteen-Year-Olds: What Justices Said on Both Sides587
149The Right to Vote591
150Now That the Voting Age Is Lower ...592
153Mental Health and the Rights of the Child599
154Visitation Rights603
155A Voice for the Child?609
156United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child612
157The Material Culture of Early Childhood: The Upright Child619
158My Life in the South625
159A Russian Jewish Girlhood on the Lower East Side627
160Quiet Odyssey: A Pioneer Korean Woman in America632
161Call It Sleep637
162Young Lonigan642
163Growing Up Native American: The Language We Know646
164Down These Mean Streets649
165I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings653
166China Boy657
167Talking to High Monks in the Snow: An Asian American Odyssey663
168The Adventures of Tom Sawyer666
169The Days Gone By669
170The Wizard of Oz670
171Anne of Green Gables673
172The Sneetches676
174American Children and Their Books684
175Children in Fiction and Fact690
176Kids' Stuff: Toys and the Changing World of American Childhood694
177What Makes Nick Tick: Nickelodeon Is a Sensibility, a World, an All-Empowering Club. It's CNN for Children697
178Children's Literary Voices700
About the Editors725

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