Childhood in America / Edition 1

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Overview

Free Teacher's Guide available for Childhood in America!
Childhood in America is a unique compendium of sources on American childhood that has many options for classroom adoptions and can be tailored to individual course needs. Because the subject of childhood is both relatively new on campuses and now widely recognized as vital to a range of specialties, the editors have prepared a Teacher's Guide to assist you in making selections appropriate for your courses.

Collecting a vast array of selections from past and present- from colonial ministers to Drs. Benjamin Spock and T. Berry Brazelton, from the poems of Anne Bradstreet to the writings of today's young people- Childhood in America brings to light the central issues surrounding American children. Eleven sections on childbirth through adolescence explore a cornucopia of issues, and each section has been carefully selected and introduced by the editors.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Collecting a vast array of selections from past and present<-->from colonial ministers to Drs. Benjamin Spock and T. Berry Brazelton, and from the poems of Anne Bradstreet to the writings of today's young people<-->this volume brings to light central issues relevant to American children. The 178 contributions explore a variety of topics connected with childbirth and infancy, adolescence and youth, discipline, working children, learning, children without parents, the vulnerable child, sexuality, the child and the state, and the child's world. Editors Fass (history) and Mason (social welfare) are both associated with the University of California at Berkeley. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814726938
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 725
  • Product dimensions: 6.93 (w) x 9.85 (h) x 1.91 (d)

Meet the Author

Paula S. Fass is the Margaret Byrne Professor History at the University of California at Berkeley. She is the author of Kidnapped: Child Abduction in America, Outside In: Minorities and the Transformation of American Education, and The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s. She is the editor of The Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society and (with Mary Ann Mason) Childhood in America (available from NYU Press).

Mary Ann Mason is Professor of Social Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley and author of The Custody Wars: Why Children Are Losing the Legal Battle and What We Can Do about It.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Childhood in America: Past and Present 1
1 Before the Birth of One of Her Children 11
2 Women as Childbearers, 1650-1750 12
3 Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America 16
4 Mothers' Sacred Duty: Breast-Feeding Patterns among Middle- and Upper-Class Women in the Antebellum South 20
5 Reconstructing Motherhood: The La Leche League in Postwar America 23
6 Amazing Births: Medical History in "Miracle" Births 29
7 Woman Gives Birth to Baby Conceived outside the Body 32
8 The Eggs, Embryos, and I 35
9 The Egg Women 38
10 Choosing Childlessness 41
11 Thoughts on Child Rearing 44
12 The Use of Reason in Child Rearing 45
13 Toys 49
14 The Cry 52
15 Too Much Mother Love 54
16 The Mother-Child Dyad Revisited: Perceptions of Mothers and Children in Twentieth-Century Child-Rearing Manuals 56
17 Child Science and the Rise of the Experts 61
18 The Construction of Reality in the Child 64
19 Understanding the Infant 67
20 Mothers and Fathers Working and Rearing Children 72
21 In Reference to Her Children, 23 June, 1659 79
22 Breeching Little Ffrank 82
23 Suits and Frocks 83
24 American Girlhood in the Nineteenth Century 87
25 Nineteenth-Century Boys' Literature 90
26 Briar Rose 95
27 Little Women 98
28 Nancy Drew and the Secret of the Old Clock 100
29 The Sexual Life of the Child 102
30 Feminine Psychology 104
31 Male and Female: Sex and Temperament 108
32 Infantile Sexuality 110
33 Moral Reasoning in Girls and Boys 116
34 How Schools Shortchange Girls 119
35 Courtship and Gender Differences 125
36 Children's Voices from the Civil War 129
37 Adolescence in Historical Perspective 132
38 The Physiology and Psychology of Adolescence 139
39 Compulsory Schooling and Parent-Adolescent Relations 142
40 The Natural History of the Gang 146
41 Adolescent Girls in Samoa and America 149
42 Identity, Youth, and Crisis 153
43 Anorexia Nervosa in the 1980s 161
44 Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls 166
45 Families Started by Teenagers 169
46 Why the Young Kill 177
47 Petting 181
48 The Member of the Wedding 183
49 Manchild in the Promised Land 187
50 Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story 191
51 Adulthood? Later, Dude! 196
52 Family Life in Plymouth Colony 203
53 Protecting Children from Abusing Masters 206
54 Inculcating Self-Discipline 208
55 Introducing Children into the Social Order 211
56 A Milder and Warmer Family Government 216
57 Learning Self-Control 218
58 The Life of a Slave Child 221
59 Managing Young Children 223
60 Corporal Punishment 227
61 Cracking Down on Kids 229
62 Fathers/Masters: Children/Servants 237
63 Children's Involuntary Labor 241
64 Apprentices, Servants, and Child Labor 244
65 Children and Manufactures 248
66 Choosing a Trade 249
67 Children in the Mills 251
68 Children at Work in the City 253
69 A Child Worker in the Garment Industry 256
70 The Changing Social Value of Children 260
71 Coming of Age in Mississippi 263
72 Children and the New Deal 265
73 American Children in the Second World War 269
74 Child Labor and the Law 272
75 Working Children in Contemporary Chinatown 275
76 Education and the Concept of Childhood 283
77 Family Instruction in Early Massachusetts 286
78 A Puritan Education 288
79 Emile 292
80 Moral Education for Citizenship 294
81 The Education of Mary Anna Longstreth 296
82 Tom Sawyer's Examination Day 298
83 The Child and the Curriculum 303
84 Testing the IQ of Children 307
85 For the Love of Books 313
86 School Desegregation 318
87 Education in the Post-Sputnik Era 321
88 Children of Crisis 326
89 Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez 331
90 The Quest for Clarity 333
91 Children and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 337
92 The Theory of Multiple Intelligences 339
93 Mother's Little Helper: Ritalin and Attention Deficit Disorder 343
94 Kidnapping and White Servitude 349
95 Orphans' Court 352
96 Abraham Lincoln and Sarah Bush Lincoln 355
97 A Childhood in Slavery 357
98 Placing Orphan Children with Farm Families 359
99 Huckleberry Finn 367
100 Shadow of the Plantation: Separation and Adoption 371
101 Surviving the Breakup: How Children Respond to Divorce 374
102 Solomon's Children: The New Biologism, Psychological Parenthood, Attachment Theory, and the Best Interests Standard 381
103 Fit to Be a Parent? 387
104 Lesbian Parents in Custody Disputes 391
105 Surrogacy and Child Custody 395
106 Teenage Voices from Foster Care 399
107 Foster Care and the Politics of Compassion 404
108 Orphanage Revival Gains Ground 410
109 Waifs of the City's Slums 417
110 Preserving the Home 422
111 The Mothers' Aid Movement 424
112 Infant Mortality 427
113 Polio 432
114 "Welcome to Willowbrook" 436
115 Kidnapping in Contemporary America 438
116 The Last Frontier in Child Abuse 444
117 By Silence Betrayed: The Sexual Abuse of Children in America 449
118 Miscounting Social Ills 453
119 Psychiatric Hospitals for Juveniles? 456
120 Couple Held in Beating of Daughter 459
121 A Glimpse into a Hell for Helpless Infants 462
122 An Infant's Death, an Ancient "Why?" 466
123 Media Violence and Children 469
124 A Teenage Voice from Foster Care 473
125 The Turn of the Screw 481
126 Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture 488
127 Polymorphous Perversity 491
128 Delinquent Daughters: The Age-of-Consent Campaign 494
129 Coming of Age in Samoa 499
130 Preadolescent Sexuality 500
131 Lolita 511
132 The Disappearance of Childhood: The Total Disclosure Medium 515
133 The Assault on Truth: Freud's Suppression of the Seduction Theory 518
134 The Unraveling of a Monstrous Secret 521
135 On Prison Computer, Files to Make Parents Shiver 524
136 The Politics of Parental Notification 530
137 The Family in the Social Order 537
138 The Child-Saving Movement 539
139 The Progressive-Era Transformation of Child Protection, 1900-1920 543
140 The State as Superparent 549
141 The Children's Bureau 555
142 The Establishment of Juvenile Courts 559
143 Juvenile Court and the Artistry of Approach 566
144 The Children's Charter 570
145 The First Amendment in School 573
146 Juveniles' Right to Due Process 578
147 Punishing Very Young Criminals 585
148 Vote for Eighteen-Year-Olds: What Justices Said on Both Sides 587
149 The Right to Vote 591
150 Now That the Voting Age Is Lower ... 592
151 Contraception 594
152 Abortion 596
153 Mental Health and the Rights of the Child 599
154 Visitation Rights 603
155 A Voice for the Child? 609
156 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 612
157 The Material Culture of Early Childhood: The Upright Child 619
158 My Life in the South 625
159 A Russian Jewish Girlhood on the Lower East Side 627
160 Quiet Odyssey: A Pioneer Korean Woman in America 632
161 Call It Sleep 637
162 Young Lonigan 642
163 Growing Up Native American: The Language We Know 646
164 Down These Mean Streets 649
165 I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings 653
166 China Boy 657
167 Talking to High Monks in the Snow: An Asian American Odyssey 663
168 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 666
169 The Days Gone By 669
170 The Wizard of Oz 670
171 Anne of Green Gables 673
172 The Sneetches 676
173 Snozzcumbers 679
174 American Children and Their Books 684
175 Children in Fiction and Fact 690
176 Kids' Stuff: Toys and the Changing World of American Childhood 694
177 What Makes Nick Tick: Nickelodeon Is a Sensibility, a World, an All-Empowering Club. It's CNN for Children 697
178 Children's Literary Voices 700
Sources 704
Index 715
About the Editors 725
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