Childrearing Values in the United States and China: A Comparison of Belief Systems and Social Structure

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Overview

Hong Xiao examines the linkage between social structure and child-rearing values in the United States and China. Her primary objectives are to examine the underlying structure of childrearing values, discover the dynamics of the structural-level, family-level, and individual-level determinants of childrearing values, and to compare patterns of value orientations in the two countries.

Three value dimensions—autonomy, conformity, and a care orientation—are identified in both the United States and China samples via factor analyses. Furthermore, despite cross-national differences in political system, economic development, and culture history, Professor Xiao finds Americans and Chinese are quite similar in their thinking of the kinds of things to teach children at home. Among the top six qualities endorsed within each country, five are identical. However, sources of value variations are drastically different in the two countries. For example, in the United States, while the influence of class on men's values for children has become muted overtime, class differences in values continue to exist among women. And neither gender nor motherhood is related to the care orientation. In China, valuation of children's autonomy or conformity is conditioned heavily by political conformity, age, and family size. Of particular interest to scholars, students, and other researchers involved with gender and family studies, sociology, and Asian Studies.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Child-rearing, as a basic function of society, provides an opportunity for comparative study of two very different societies in this work, a revision of Xiao`s (sociology, Central Washington U.) doctoral thesis. Following an examination of the literature, Xiao defines her theoretical foundation<-->she has used value theory, gender-value theory, and culture- value theory. Deriving her data from the World Values Survey, Xiao constructs value scales for each country, then examines the US and China separately and together based on these scales. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275973131
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 7/30/2001
  • Pages: 178
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Meet the Author

HONG XIAO is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Central Washington University. Professor Xiao's earlier writings appear in Gender & Society, Sociological Quarterly, and Journal of Comparative Family Studies.

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Child-rearing Values of Americans and Chinese

Data, Measures of Variables, and Strategies of Data Analysis

Child-rearing Values and Their Predictors: Findings from the U.S. Sample

Child-rearing Values and Their: Findings from the Chinese Sample

The United States and China Comparisons

Conclusions and Implications

Appendix A

Appendix B

Apepndix C

Appendix D

Bibliography

Index

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