Children and Social Exclusion: Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity


Children and Social Exclusion: Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity explores the origins of prejudice and the emergence of morality to explain why children include some and exclude others.
• Formulates an original theory about children's experiences with exclusion and how they understand the world of discrimination based on group membership
• Brings together Social Domain Theory and Social Identity Theory ...

See more details below
Paperback (Reprint)
$27.29 price
(Save 11%)$30.95 List Price
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (8) from $20.09   
  • New (5) from $22.61   
  • Used (3) from $20.09   
Sending request ...


Children and Social Exclusion: Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity explores the origins of prejudice and the emergence of morality to explain why children include some and exclude others.
• Formulates an original theory about children's experiences with exclusion and how they understand the world of discrimination based on group membership
• Brings together Social Domain Theory and Social Identity Theory to explain how children view exclusion that often results in prejudice, and inclusion that reflects social justice and morality
• Presents new research data consisting of in-depth interviews from childhood to late adolescence, observational findings with peer groups, and experimental paradigms that test how children understand group dynamics and social norms, and show either group bias or morality
• Illustrates data with direct quotes from children along with diagrams depicting their social understanding
• Presents new insights about the origins of prejudice and group bias, as well as morality and fairness, drawn from extensive original data

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Killen and Rutland provide expert broad-ranging reviews of relevant theories, research, and interventions and conclude with an integrative framework for understanding and addressing peer exclusion."  (Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 2012)

"Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals." (Choice, 1 November 2011)

"In sum, as we continue to understand and decipher the development of exclusion and inclusion in children, the framework provided by Killen and Rutland will be an unequivocal guide and impetus for a myriad of empirical studies in the human development field. After reading this impressive book, I believe the future of scholarship in this area (and our collective future) is bright and exciting!" (Human Development Journal, 2013)

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118571859
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/10/2013
  • Series: Understanding Children's Worlds Series
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 246
  • Product dimensions: 14.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Melanie Killen is Professor of Human Development, Professor of Psychology (Affiliate), and Associate Director for the Center for Children, Relationships, and Culture at the University of Maryland. She is a Fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Association for Psychological Science. She is also a recipient of the Distinguished Scholar-Teacher Award by the Provost from the University of Maryland. Her book with Dan Hart, Morality in Everyday Life: Developmental Perspectives (1995), received the outstanding book award from AERA, and her book with Sheri Levy, Intergroup Attitudes and Relations from Childhood to Adulthood, received an Honorable Mention for the Otto Klineberg Memorial Prize from SPSSI. Her research examines the development of morality, intergroup attitudes, exclusion and inclusion, peer relationships, prejudice, culture, and how social experience is related to social-cognitive development.

Adam Rutland is Professor of Developmental Psychology at the Child Development Unit and Centre for the Study of Group Processes in the School of Psychology at the University of Kent. Previously he has been a British Academy Post-doctoral Fellow at the University of Surrey and been a member of Faculty at the University of Aberdeen. His research examines the development of children's prejudice and social identities. He has conducted recent research into when and how children learn to self-present their explicit attitudes; how intergroup contact can reduce children's prejudice; children's exclusion of peers within groups and acculturation amongst ethnic minority children.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Series Editor’s Preface xi

Preface xiii

Chapter 1 Introduction: Exclusion and Inclusion in Children’s Lives 1

Theories of Social Cognition, Social Relationships, and Exclusion 3

Types of Exclusion 6

Goals of the Book 7

Summary 7

Chapter 2 The Emergence of Morality in Childhood 9

Morality in Childhood 10

What Morality is Not 10

Criteria, Definitions, and Measurements of Morality 11

Morality Encompasses Judgment, Emotions, Individuals, and Groups 12

Social Precursors of Moral Judgment 13

Moral Judgment and Interaction in Childhood 19

Morality as Justice 23

Social Domain Model of Social and Moral Judgment 25

Moral Generalizability 30

Morality in the Context of Other Social Concepts: Multifaceted Events 32

Morality and Theory of Mind 34

Morality and Social-Cognitive Development 35

Summary 35

Chapter 3 Emergence of Social Categorization and Prejudice 37

Social Categorization as a Precursor of Prejudice 38

Explicit Biases in Young Children 44

Cognitive Developmental Approach to Prejudice Development 47

Development of Implicit Biases 50

Relation of Implicit Bias to Judgment and Behavior: Is it Prejudice? 53

Summary 57

Chapter 4 Group Identity and Prejudice 59

Is Group Identity Good or Bad? 60

Social Identity Theory 62

Social Identity Development Theory 64

Theory of Social Mind and the Control of Prejudice 68

Moral or Group Norms and the Control of Prejudice 70

Processes Underlying the Control of Prejudice 73

Developmental Subjective Group Dynamics 77

Morality and Group Identity 81

Summary 84

Chapter 5 What We Know about Peer Relations and Exclusion 86

Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Exclusion: Social Traits and Individual Differences 87

Intragroup and Intergroup Exclusion: Ingroup/Outgroup Identity 90

Social Reasoning and Exclusion 92

Gender Exclusion in Early Childhood: Okay or Unfair? 94

Comparing Gender and Racial Exclusion: Group Goals and Qualifications 97

Interviewing Ethnic Minority and Majority Children and Adolescents about Exclusion 100

Social Reasoning about Exclusion in Adolescence: Crowds, Cliques, and Networks 108

Social Reasoning about Sexual Prejudice 108

Exclusion in Interracial Encounters: Lunch Table, Birthday Parties, and Dating 109

Gender Exclusion in the Family Context: Children’s Views about Parental Expectations 113

Summary 116

Chapter 6 Intragroup and Intergroup Exclusion: An In-depth Study 118

Group Dynamics: Conceptions of Groups in the Context of Exclusion 118

Group Dynamics: Group Identity, Group-Specific Norms, Domain-Specific Norms 119

Group-Specific Norms 123

Deviance in Social Groups 123

Group Identity 124

Implications for Group Identity in Childhood 132

Summary 132

Chapter 7 Peer Exclusion and Group Identity Around the World: The Role of Culture 134

Cultural Context of Exclusion 136

Long-Standing Intergroup Cultural Conflicts 137

Cultures with Intractable and Violent Conflict 138

Recently Immigrated Groups 143

Intergroup Exclusion Based on Indigenous Groups 151

Summary 152

Chapter 8 Increasing Inclusion, Reducing Prejudice, and Promoting Morality 154

Intergroup Contact and Reducing Prejudice 156

Intergroup Contact and Children 157

Cross-group Friendships and Prejudice 158

Intergroup Contact and Minority Status Children 163

Reducing Implicit Biases through Intergroup Contact 165

Reducing Prejudice through Extended Intergroup Contact 166

Promoting Inclusion through the Mass Media 171

Intergroup Contact and Promoting Moral Reasoning in Children 174

Multicultural Education and Social Exclusion 176

Factors that Reduce Childhood Bias 178

Summary 180

Chapter 9 Integration of Morality, Prejudice, and Group Identity: A New Perspective on Social Exclusion 181

Theories about Peer Relationships 181

Theories about Social Exclusion 183

Children as Active Participants 185

Judgments, Beliefs, Attitudes, Attributions of Emotions, and Behavior 187

Implicit and Indirect Measures of Prejudice and Exclusion 190

An Integrative Social-Cognitive Developmental Perspective on Social Exclusion 191

Social Experience Factors that Promote Inclusion 192

Exclusion and Prejudice 193

Summary 193

References 197

Index 223

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)