Children and War: A Historical Anthology

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The American media has recently "discovered" children's experiences in present-day wars. A week-long series on the plight of child soldiers in Africa and Latin America was published in Newsday and newspapers have decried the U.S. government's reluctance to sign a United Nations treaty outlawing the use of under-age soldiers. These and numerous other stories and programs have shown that the number of children impacted by war as victims, casualties, and participants has mounted drastically during the last few decades.

Although the scale on which children are affected by war may be greater today than at any time since the world wars of the twentieth century, children have been a part of conflict since the beginning of warfare. Children and War shows that boys and girls have routinely contributed to home front war efforts, armies have accepted under-aged soldiers for centuries, and war-time experiences have always affected the ways in which grown-up children of war perceive themselves and their societies.

The essays in this collection range from explorations of childhood during the American Revolution and of the writings of free black children during the Civil War to children's home front war efforts during World War II, representations of war and defeat in Japanese children's magazines, and growing up in war-torn Liberia. Children and War provides a historical context for two centuries of children's multi-faceted involvement with war.

Author Biography: James Marten is Professor of History at Marquette University (Wisconsin). He is the author of The Children's Civil War and director of the Children in Urban America Project, an on-line archiveof children's history.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This anthology is breathtaking in its geographic and temporal sweep." -Canadian Journal of History

"Throughout history, children, who are the least responsible for war, have suffered the most from it. And the perceptive and wide-ranging essays in this indispensable anthology enable us to understand why."-William M. Tuttle Jr.,author of Daddy's Gone to War

"A significant, timely, and provocative collection, Children and War raises disturbing questions about the ways in which wars and equivalent actions have impacted the lives of children. It also explores the ways in which planners and policy makers used children to further their own aims and purposes. We all know that war is unhealthy for children; Children and War shows us how and why this is the case." -Joseph M. Hawes,author of Children between the Wars

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814756676
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 8/24/2002
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 313
  • Sales rank: 1,275,898
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

is Professor and Chair of the History Department at Marquette University. He is author or editor of more than a dozen books including The Children’s Civil
and four NYU Press books: Children and War: A Historical Anthology;
Children in Colonial America; Children and Youth in a New Nation; and Children and Youth during the Civil War Era.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 Childhood, Memory, and the American Revolution 15
2 "After the War I Am Going to Put Myself a Sailor": Geography, Writing, and Race in the Letters of Free Children of Color in Civil War New Orleans 26
3 Flowers of Evil: Mass Media, Child Psychology, and the Struggle for Russia's Future during the First World War 38
4 Imagining Anzac: Children's Memories of the Killing Fields of the Great War 50
5 Rescue and Trauma: Jewish Children and the Kindertransports during the Holocaust 63
6 Mama, Are We Going to Die? America's Children Confront the Cuban Missile Crisis 75
7 Bereavement in a War Zone: Liberia in the 1990s 87
8 Representations of War and Martial Heroes in English Elementary School Reading and Rituals, 1885-1914 103
9 The Child in the Flying Machine: Childhood and Aviation in the First World War 116
10 World Friendship: Children, Parents, and Peace Education in America between the Wars 135
11 Ghosts and the Machine: Teaching Emiliano Zapata and the Mexican Revolution since 1921 147
12 Japanese Children and the Culture of Death, January-August 1945 160
13 The Antifascist Narrative: Memory Lessons in the Schools of the Soviet Occupation Zone, 1945-1949 172
14 Humanitarian Sympathy for Children in Times of War and the History of Children's Rights, 1919-1959 184
15 "These Unfortunate Children": Sons and Daughters of the Regiment in Revolutionary and Napoleonic France 205
16 Children and the New Zealand Wars: An Exploration 216
17 Stolen Generations and Vanishing Indians: The Removal of Indigenous Children as a Weapon of War in the United States and Australia, 1870-1940 227
18 "Baptized in Blood": Children in the Time of the Sandino Rebellion, Nicaragua, 1927-1934 242
19 "Too Young for a Uniform": Children's War Work on the Iowa Farm Front, 1941-1945 254
20 Against Their Will: The Use and Abuse of British Children during the Second World War 266
21 Innocent Victims and Heroic Defenders: Children and the Siege of Leningrad 279
Epilogue 291
Bibliography 295
Contributors 303
Index 309
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