Children and War: A Historical Anthology

Children and War: A Historical Anthology

by James Marten
     
 

The American media has recently "discovered" children's experiences in present-day wars. A week-long series on the plight of child soldiers in Africa and Latin America was published in Newsday and newspapers have decried the U.S. government's reluctance to sign a United Nations treaty outlawing the use of under-age soldiers. These and numerous other stories andSee more details below

Overview

The American media has recently "discovered" children's experiences in present-day wars. A week-long series on the plight of child soldiers in Africa and Latin America was published in Newsday and newspapers have decried the U.S. government's reluctance to sign a United Nations treaty outlawing the use of under-age soldiers. These and numerous other stories and programs have shown that the number of children impacted by war as victims, casualties, and participants has mounted drastically during the last few decades.

Although the scale on which children are affected by war may be greater today than at any time since the world wars of the twentieth century, children have been a part of conflict since the beginning of warfare. Children and War shows that boys and girls have routinely contributed to home front war efforts, armies have accepted under-aged soldiers for centuries, and war-time experiences have always affected the ways in which grown-up children of war perceive themselves and their societies.

The essays in this collection range from explorations of childhood during the American Revolution and of the writings of free black children during the Civil War to children's home front war efforts during World War II, representations of war and defeat in Japanese children's magazines, and growing up in war-torn Liberia. Children and War provides a historical context for two centuries of children's multi-faceted involvement with war.

Author Biography: James Marten is Professor of History at Marquette University (Wisconsin). He is the author of The Children's Civil War and director of the Children in Urban America Project, an on-line archiveof children's history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780814756676
Publisher:
New York University Press
Publication date:
08/24/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
313
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction1
1Childhood, Memory, and the American Revolution15
2"After the War I Am Going to Put Myself a Sailor": Geography, Writing, and Race in the Letters of Free Children of Color in Civil War New Orleans26
3Flowers of Evil: Mass Media, Child Psychology, and the Struggle for Russia's Future during the First World War38
4Imagining Anzac: Children's Memories of the Killing Fields of the Great War50
5Rescue and Trauma: Jewish Children and the Kindertransports during the Holocaust63
6Mama, Are We Going to Die? America's Children Confront the Cuban Missile Crisis75
7Bereavement in a War Zone: Liberia in the 1990s87
8Representations of War and Martial Heroes in English Elementary School Reading and Rituals, 1885-1914103
9The Child in the Flying Machine: Childhood and Aviation in the First World War116
10World Friendship: Children, Parents, and Peace Education in America between the Wars135
11Ghosts and the Machine: Teaching Emiliano Zapata and the Mexican Revolution since 1921147
12Japanese Children and the Culture of Death, January-August 1945160
13The Antifascist Narrative: Memory Lessons in the Schools of the Soviet Occupation Zone, 1945-1949172
14Humanitarian Sympathy for Children in Times of War and the History of Children's Rights, 1919-1959184
15"These Unfortunate Children": Sons and Daughters of the Regiment in Revolutionary and Napoleonic France205
16Children and the New Zealand Wars: An Exploration216
17Stolen Generations and Vanishing Indians: The Removal of Indigenous Children as a Weapon of War in the United States and Australia, 1870-1940227
18"Baptized in Blood": Children in the Time of the Sandino Rebellion, Nicaragua, 1927-1934242
19"Too Young for a Uniform": Children's War Work on the Iowa Farm Front, 1941-1945254
20Against Their Will: The Use and Abuse of British Children during the Second World War266
21Innocent Victims and Heroic Defenders: Children and the Siege of Leningrad279
Epilogue291
Bibliography295
Contributors303
Index309

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