Children as Victims, Witnesses, and Offenders: Psychological Science and the Law [NOOK Book]

Overview

Grounded in the latest clinical and developmental knowledge, this book brings together leading authorities to examine the critical issues that arise when children and adolescents become involved in the justice system. Chapters explore young people's capacities, competencies, and special vulnerabilities as victims, witnesses, and defendants. Key topics include the reliability of children's abuse disclosures, eyewitness testimony, interviews, and confessions; the evolving role of the expert witness; the ...
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Children as Victims, Witnesses, and Offenders: Psychological Science and the Law

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Overview

Grounded in the latest clinical and developmental knowledge, this book brings together leading authorities to examine the critical issues that arise when children and adolescents become involved in the justice system. Chapters explore young people's capacities, competencies, and special vulnerabilities as victims, witnesses, and defendants. Key topics include the reliability of children's abuse disclosures, eyewitness testimony, interviews, and confessions; the evolving role of the expert witness; the psychological impact of trauma and of legal involvement; factors that shape jurors' perceptions of children; and what works in rehabilitating juvenile offenders. Policies and practices that are not supported by science are identified, and approaches to improving them are discussed.
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Editorial Reviews

Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

“Chapters, written by widely respected legal and social science scholars, examine several key questions associated with children's involvement in the legal system….I urge all practitioners, legal, forensic, and lay, to read the chapter on Police Interrogation and False Confessions, digest it, assimilate it, and use the knowledge to advocate for our youthful charges. I anticipate that readers of this chapter will be seduced into reading other chapters in this book that will advance their knowledge and skills.”--Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Doody Reviews
Reviewer: Michael S. Goldsby, PhD (Zeno Corporation)
Description: The editors have done a marvelous job of bringing the writings of respected legal and social science scholars together in one comprehensive and straightforward book that addresses the key issues of our legal system when dealing with children as victims, witnesses, and offenders. The information is based on the latest research findings regarding psychological science and the law as it applies to children, and suggests ways in which current scientific research might be applied to improve outcomes for children who are involved in the justice system.
Purpose: The purpose is to identify how social science research can inform the creation, revision, interpretation, and implementation of laws and policies regarding children. It also serves to increase awareness about a wide variety of issues directly related to children as victims, witnesses, and offenders that are in need of theoretical, empirical, and legislative attention.
Audience: Forensic psychologists as well as child and adolescent psychologists, social workers, policy makers, legal professionals, and those in psychology and legal research would most likely find this book of interest. It also would be a valuable addition to the curriculum for graduate course work in psychology.
Features: The first of the book's two parts is composed of 11 chapters that highlight the multitude of issues arising from the complexity of working with victimized children and children as witnesses. Part two devotes eight chapters to the multifaceted issues surrounding how children become offenders. The book presents scientific research findings in the context of children in the court system as well as how these new findings might be applied in order to ensure justice for these children.
Assessment: This book puts the spotlight on the issue of children and adolescents involved in the judicial system, becoming an instant go-to text for the field. The breadth and depth of knowledge and expertise the authors present is unparalleled and they convey it in a manner that is both comprehensive in the scientific and legal aspects and straightforward and understandable. I highly recommend this timely book as an absolute must-have for anyone involved in child advocacy and the judicial system.
Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Michael S. Goldsby, PhD, CCRP (Family Psychiatry of The Woodlands)
Description: The editors have done a marvelous job of bringing the writings of respected legal and social science scholars together in one comprehensive and straightforward book that addresses the key issues of our legal system when dealing with children as victims, witnesses, and offenders. The information is based on the latest research findings regarding psychological science and the law as it applies to children, and suggests ways in which current scientific research might be applied to improve outcomes for children who are involved in the justice system.
Purpose: The purpose is to identify how social science research can inform the creation, revision, interpretation, and implementation of laws and policies regarding children. It also serves to increase awareness about a wide variety of issues directly related to children as victims, witnesses, and offenders that are in need of theoretical, empirical, and legislative attention.
Audience: Forensic psychologists as well as child and adolescent psychologists, social workers, policy makers, legal professionals, and those in psychology and legal research would most likely find this book of interest. It also would be a valuable addition to the curriculum for graduate course work in psychology.
Features: The first of the book's two parts is composed of 11 chapters that highlight the multitude of issues arising from the complexity of working with victimized children and children as witnesses. Part two devotes eight chapters to the multifaceted issues surrounding how children become offenders. The book presents scientific research findings in the context of children in the court system as well as how these new findings might be applied in order to ensure justice for these children.
Assessment: This book puts the spotlight on the issue of children and adolescents involved in the judicial system, becoming an instant go-to text for the field. The breadth and depth of knowledge and expertise the authors present is unparalleled and they convey it in a manner that is both comprehensive in the scientific and legal aspects and straightforward and understandable. I highly recommend this timely book as an absolute must-have for anyone involved in child advocacy and the judicial system.
Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

"Each chapter of this book covers a crucial aspect in working with this at-risk population. It should be required reading by any clinician, forensic interviewer, attorney, student, or expert witness who works with children and families involved in our legal system. This comprehensive reference book covers topics in two areas: children as victims and witnesses, and children as offenders. The attempt made by its editors to cover research in both areas is what makes this book especially crucial reading....The editors have done an excellent job gathering a group of prominent clinicians and researchers to summarize the important topics related to children in the crossroads of the legal system. The book's strength is in its ability to clearly and succinctly summarize the up to date research necessary for any individual working in this multifaceted field. The book is clearly state of the art and should be a resource book to every student and professional working with children involved in the legal system."--Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
Law and Society Review

"Offers a balanced, up-to-date review and critique of issues imperative to children's involvement in the legal system. The editors have brought together a renowned group of legal and social science scholars to address questions central in contemporary debates: When, and under what conditions, can researchers and practitioners believe children? What are children's competencies or vulnerabilities as victims, witnesses, and offenders? How are children treated within a legal context, and what accommodations are necessary?....Throughout this volume, the editors deliver on their promise to support a holistic approach to research and practice with child victims and offenders....Perhaps most important, the contributors urge professionals to consider new paradigms and collaborations to create a deeper understanding of how the justice system can better serve children and youth."--Law and Society Review
Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

"This scholarly book provides the clinician with essential background information about children who appear in court proceedings as a victim, a witness, or a defendant....All chapters are well referenced, with research data juxtaposed with courtroom vignettes....A useful comprehensive reference book for child and adolescent psychiatrists. The book provides a developmental perspective regarding children's capacities as they relate to the expectations of a victim, witness, or offender in the justice system. It also provides a clear understanding of what the psychiatrist needs to know in order to work effectively within the justice system."--Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Child and Family Behavior Therapy

"Presents current research by leading authorities with important implications for the legal procedures, laws, and policies that determine children's experiences in court, identifying legal strategies and procedures that are not informed by research and additionally provides more appropriate alternatives....The Editors have assembled the most relevant information from a large research base....A major strength of this book is the high quality of the empirical evidence presented and how the chapters synthesize a considerable body of research....The authors expand on different themes, answer multiple questions, and offer sound recommendations. The scholars offer critiques of past and current approaches to accommodating children, provide a clear rationale relating to why certain practices are problematic for children and present viable alternatives for better serving youth within the legal context....Vital for professionals committed to helping youth navigate the legal justice system in any capacity--including investigators, child advocates, psychology and legal researchers, lawyers, forensic evaluators, social workers, medical professionals, psychiatrists, and judges. Additionally, this book would be an important addition to forensic clinical psychological graduate programs' curricula."--Child and Family Behavior Therapy
From the Publisher

"This excellent resource provides a wealth of information. Reviewing critical themes such as methods of disclosure, trauma, memory suggestibility, and the evolution of forensic interviewing, the contributors promote a more holistic approach for child victims and offenders. There are few texts that address child offenders in as comprehensive and thoughtful a fashion. Including international perspectives and visions for best practices in the future, this book is a key addition to the toolkits of psychological, medical, and legal professionals serving children involved in any aspect of the justice process."--Sharon W. Cooper, MD, FAAP, Consultant, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children; Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine

"Few topics in psychology and law have attracted as much attention as the challenging conflicts posed when children encounter the legal system as victims or offenders. This volume is both comprehensive and nuanced, assembling experts in the field to describe what we know and what we have yet to learn."--Shari Seidman Diamond, JD, PhD, Howard J. Trienens Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology, Northwestern University School of Law; Research Professor, American Bar Foundation

"Bottoms, Najdowski, and Goodman have called on world-class colleagues to put together this definitive volume. Each state-of-the-science chapter addresses the application of research findings in legal contexts. This book will be indispensable for mental health experts in child maltreatment as well as lawyers involved in child advocacy."--Kathleen Coulborn Faller, PhD, ACSW, Marion Elizabeth Blue Professor of Children and Families and Director, Family Assessment Clinic, School of Social Work, University of Michigan

"The editors have assembled an internationally renowned group of experts to craft an authoritative volume that integrates the best behavioral science with important case law decisions. The resulting chapters do not disappoint. Readers will find the essentials they need regarding child victims and offenders, linked closely to key legal decisions and packed with valuable recommendations. Faculty teaching upper-level undergraduate seminars and graduate courses across disciplines that deal with crimes against children will want to consider adopting this book. Child protection professionals, many attorneys, and students planning to work in this arena will find it essential reading."--Gerald P. Koocher, PhD, ABPP, Professor and Dean, School of Health Sciences, Simmons College

"The fields of law and psychology have been moving toward a restructuring of justice for children--as victims and as offenders--that makes use of new, scientifically informed perspectives on child development. This volume is a definitive milestone in the progress of that movement. Above all, it is authoritative. Leading researchers have written succinct reviews of their respective areas of expertise, in a style that will be understandable to practitioners and policymakers. Offering updates on questions that have been asked for decades, the chapters also provide new information on issues addressed nowhere else. This book promises to both inform and organize our thinking about how law can best respond to children who are harmed or who harm others."--Thomas Grisso, PhD, Director, Law and Psychiatry Program, University of Massachusetts Medical School

"Although much has been written about child abuse victims and juvenile offenders in the last two decades, these literatures have not previously been presented together in such an authoritative, comprehensive, and accessible way. This book is both a resource for established scholars and a well-written introduction for students in applied developmental, forensic, and clinical psychology, as well as social work and juvenile and family law."--Michael E. Lamb, PhD, Head, Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, University of Cambridge, UK

American Psychology-Law News

"Provides both academics and legal professionals with an accessible resource that educates the reader about contemporary research and policy, providing an organized summary of the psychological research and the implications of these scientific findings for legal and social service offices and courtrooms around the world....Bottoms and colleagues' book is written by widely respected legal and social science scholars, and allows the reader to recognize that the difficulties faced as victim, witness, and offender are at times distinct, but at other times, very similar....Goes beyond covering the critical issues and presenting the latest psychological science on each topic. In addition to including an international perspective in both the sections on child victims and child offenders, the authors also place all of the issues and the many questions raised throughout the book in the context of cited legal cases that illustrates the need for the legal system to make use of the psychological literature to address these issues using sound scientific evidence. For anyone in the field who strives to create a system that meets the needs of children as victims, witnesses, or offenders, whether a researcher, lawyer, judge, investigator, social worker, educators at the undergraduate or graduate level in any number of related disciplines, or anyone studying to become involved in the field, this book will review the most current scientific research and make clear all of the critical issues on which to focus in the classroom, in the lab, and throughout the legal system. All of this is accomplished in chapters that are very well written and in a book that clearly presents the challenges faced when children become involved in the legal system."--American Psychology-Law News
Law News

"Provides both academics and legal professionals with an accessible resource that educates the reader about contemporary research and policy, providing an organized summary of the psychological research and the implications of these scientific findings for legal and social service offices and courtrooms around the world....Bottoms and colleagues' book is written by widely respected legal and social science scholars, and allows the reader to recognize that the difficulties faced as victim, witness, and offender are at times distinct, but at other times, very similar....Goes beyond covering the critical issues and presenting the latest psychological science on each topic. In addition to including an international perspective in both the sections on child victims and child offenders, the authors also place all of the issues and the many questions raised throughout the book in the context of cited legal cases that illustrates the need for the legal system to make use of the psychological literature to address these issues using sound scientific evidence. For anyone in the field who strives to create a system that meets the needs of children as victims, witnesses, or offenders, whether a researcher, lawyer, judge, investigator, social worker, educators at the undergraduate or graduate level in any number of related disciplines, or anyone studying to become involved in the field, this book will review the most current scientific research and make clear all of the critical issues on which to focus in the classroom, in the lab, and throughout the legal system. All of this is accomplished in chapters that are very well written and in a book that clearly presents the challenges faced when children become involved in the legal system. -American Psychology"--Law News
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781606233580
  • Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
  • Publication date: 8/10/2009
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 412
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Bette L. Bottoms, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She has edited four other books and published numerous articles about child abuse, children's eyewitness testimony, and jurors' perceptions of child victims and offenders. A past president of the American Psychological Association's Society for Child and Family Policy and Practice, she is a recipient of the American Psychology-Law Society Early Career Award and eight awards for teaching excellence.

 

Cynthia J. Najdowski, BA, is a doctoral student in social and personality psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Her research focuses on understanding how childhood sexual abuse and rape victims cope with their experiences. She also studies perceptions of juvenile offenders. She has received several competitive grants and awards in recognition of her work.

 

Gail S. Goodman, PhD, is Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Public Policy Research at the University of California, Davis. She has received numerous awards and federal grants for research, and her studies have been cited in U.S. Supreme Court decisions. Her psycholegal research focuses on child maltreatment, trauma and memory, forensic interviewing, and juvenile delinquency.  

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Table of Contents

1. Children as Victims, Witnesses, and Offenders: An Introduction through Legal Cases, Jillian N. Ducker, Jessica M. Salerno, Cynthia J. Najdowski, Bette L. Bottoms, and Gail S. Goodman

I. Children as Victims and Witnesses

2. Abuse Disclosure: What Adults Can Tell, Thomas D. Lyon

3. Trauma and Memory, Andrea Follmer Greenhoot and Sarah L. Bunnell

4. Children’s Memory in Forensic Contexts: Suggestibility, False Memory, and Individual Differences, Iris Blandón-Gitlin and Kathy Pezdek

5. Child Sexual Abuse Investigations: Lessons Learned from the McMartin and Other Daycare Cases, James M. Wood, Debbie Nathan, M. Teresa Nezworski, and Elizabeth Uhl

6. Contemporary Child Forensic Interviewing: Evolving Consensus and Innovation Over 25 Years, Karen J. Saywitz and Lorinda B. Camparo

7. Child Victims in Dependency Court, Jodi A. Quas, Alexia Cooper, and Lindsay Wandrey

8. Child Witnesses in Criminal Court, Natalie R. Troxel, Christin M. Ogle, Ingrid M. Cordon, Michael J. Lawler, and Gail S. Goodman

9. Expert Psychological Testimony in Child Sexual Abuse Trials, John E. B. Myers

10. Jurors’ Perceptions of Children’s Eyewitness Testimony, Jonathan M. Golding, Emily E. Dunlap, and Emily C. Hodell

11. An International Perspective on Child Witnesses, Kay Bussey

12. Child Victim Research Comes of Age: Implications for Social Scientists, Practitioners, and the Law, Bradley D. McAuliff

II. Children as Offenders

13. How Victims Become Offenders, Cathy Spatz Widom and Helen W. Wilson

14. Police Interrogation and False Confessions: The Inherent Risk of Youth, Allison D. Redlich and Saul M. Kassin

15. Challenging Juvenile Transfer: Faulty Assumptions and Misguided Policies, N. Dickon Reppucci, Jaime L. Michel, and Jessica O. Kostelnik

16. Therapeutic Jurisprudence in Juvenile Justice, Patrick H. Tolan and Jennifer Anne Titus

17. Girl Offenders: Special Issues, James Garbarino, Kathryn Levene, Margaret Walsh, and Sacha M. Coupet

18. Understanding Adults’ Perceptions of Juvenile Offenders, Margaret C. Stevenson, Cynthia J. Najdowski, Bette L. Bottoms, and Tamara M. Haegerich

19. An International Perspective on Juvenile Justice Issues, John Petrila

20. Different Visions of Juvenile Justice, Christopher Slobogin

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