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AIDS is now the leading cause of death in Africa, where twenty-eight million people are HIV-positive, and where some twelve million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS. In Zimbabwe, 45 percent of children under the age of five are HIV-positive, and the epidemic has shortened life expectancy by twenty-two years. A fifteen-year-old in Botswana or South Africa has a one-in-two chance of dying of AIDS. AIDS deaths are so widespread in sub-Saharan Africa that small children now play a new game called "Funerals."
The Children of Africa Confront AIDS depicts the reality of how African children deal with the AIDS epidemic, and how the discourse of their vulnerability affects acts of coping and courage. A project of the Institute for the African Child at Ohio University, The Children of Africa Confront AIDS cuts across disciplines and issues to focus on the world's most marginalized population group, the children of Africa.
Editors Arvind Singhal and Stephen Howard join conversations between humanitarian and political activists and academics, asking, "What shall we do?" Such discourse occurs in African contexts ranging from a social science classroom in Botswana to youth groups in Kenya and Ghana. The authors describe HIV/AIDS in its macro contexts of vulnerable children and the continent's democratization movements and also in its national contexts of civil conflict, rural poverty, youth organizations, and agencies working on the ground.
Singhal, Howard, and other contributors draw on compelling personal experience in descriptions of HIV/AIDS interventions for children in difficult circumstances and present thoughtful insights into data gathered from surveys and observations concerning this terrible epidemic.
|List of Illustrations|
|Preface and Acknowledgments|
|Introduction: The Possibilities of African Leadership||1|
|1||AIDS, Orphans, and the Future of Democracy in Africa||13|
|2||Civil Conflict, Sexual Violence, and HIV/AIDS: Challenges for Children in Sierra Leone||40|
|3||The Vulnerability of Children and Orphaned Youth in Zimbabwe||51|
|4||Reducing the Vulnerability of Africa's Children to HIV/AIDS||59|
|5||Understanding the Psychological and Emotional Needs of AIDS Orphans in Africa||85|
|6||Storytelling as a Psychological Intervention for AIDS Orphans in Africa||105|
|7||HIV/AIDS, Children, and Sub-Saharan Africa: Dealing with Bereavement||119|
|8||For the Sake of the Children: Community-Based Youth Projects in Kenya||131|
|9||Participatory HIV Intervention with Ghanaian Youth||149|
|10||How Communities Help Families Cope with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe||159|
|11||Sara: A Role Model for African Girls Facing HIV/AIDS||171|
|12||The Treatment of AIDS in Soul Buddyz: A Multimedia Campaign for Children's Health in South Africa||193|
|13||"HIV Is Gold, AIDS Is Platinum": Community Radio for Social Change||211|
|14||Teaching Social Studies in Botswana in the Age of HIV/AIDS||219|
|15||Communication Strategies for Confronting AIDS: Empowering the Children of Africa||230|
|Notes on Contributors||247|
|Index of Names||257|
|Index of Subjects||259|