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Children's Exercise Physiology - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

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Overview

The reorganized and newly revised Children's Exercise Physiology, Second Edition, presents the most up-to-date research, methodology, and approaches related to children's physiologic responses to exercise.

The book examines not only the current major issues that separate children from adults, but also the underlying mechanisms of these differences. Readers will learn what makes children different from adults physiologically—such as size, biochemical differences, neuromuscular differences, and lack of sexual and hormonal maturation—and the reasons for these differences. Those involved with young athletes, disease management, and health promotion will gain valuable insight into the physiologic determinants of exercise performance.

Children's exercise physiology is a fast-moving field. In the eight years since the first edition of this book was published, much new information has surfaced. This streamlined new edition contains 13 instead of 15 chapters, an introduction, and updated features:

-Chapter objectives, discussion questions and research directions, and a glossary of terms promote learning.

-A reorganized table of contents improves the flow from chapter to chapter.

-A new final chapter covers the role of the central nervous system.
Also included is in-depth discussion of the determinants of aerobic fitness and VO2 kinetics and the significance of maximal aerobic power in children.

With improved chapters on thermoregulation and metabolic and endocrinologic responses to exercise, you can be confident you're getting the latest information with Children's Exercise Physiology, Second Edition.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736051446
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 9/14/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 8.66 (w) x 11.10 (h) x 1.08 (d)

Meet the Author

Thomas W. Rowland, MD, is director of pediatric cardiology at the Baystate Medical Center in Springfield, Massachusetts, where he established an exercise testing laboratory. The author of Exercise and Children's Health and editor of the journal Pediatric Exercise Science for the past 15 years, he has extensive research experience in exercise physiology of children.

Dr. Rowland has served as president of the North American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine (NASPEM) and was on the board of trustees of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). He is a past president of the New England chapter of the ACSM and received the ACSM Honor Award in 1993.

Since receiving BS and MD degrees from the University of Michigan in 1965 and 1969, Dr. Rowland has been an assistant and associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worchester (1977 to 1990) and an assistant and associate clinical professor of pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston (1975 to the present). He is professor of pediatrics at Tufts University School of Medicine and adjunct professor of exercise science at the University of Massachusetts.

In addition to conducting extensive research, Dr. Rowland has written and spoken about developmental exercise physiology, the effects of lifestyle on cardiovascular function in children, iron deficiency in adolescent athletes, and the determinants of exercise performance in children.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction

Chapter 1. The Importance of Body Size

-Size and Function: Lessons From Allometry

-Adjusting Physiologic Variables for Body Size
Chapter 2. Growth and Exercise

-Influence of Growth Factors on Physical Fitness

-Effects of Exercise on Growth
Chapter 3. The Impact of Puberty

-The Process of Puberty

-Physiologic and Anatomic Expression of Sexual Maturation

-Pubertal Effects on Physical Fitness

-Influence of Exercise on Sexual Maturation
Chapter 4. The Metabolic Machinery

-Basic Concepts in Exercise Physiology

-Resting ATP Stores

-Glycolysis

-Aerobic Metabolism

-Training Effects

-Are Children Metabolic Nonspecialists?
Chapter 5. Aerobic Fitness

-The Development of VO2max

-Ontogenetic Scaling Exponents for VO2max

-Is VO2max (or Peak VO2) Really VO2max? Physiology and Semantics

-The Meaning of Physiologic Aerobic Fitness

-Does VO2max Reflect the Development of Endurance Fitness?

-Oxygen Uptake Kinetics

-The Relationship Between Aerobic Fitness and Physical Activity

-Sex Differences in VO2max
Chapter 6. Cardiovascular Responses to Exercise

-Relating Cardiac Variables to Body Size

-Circulatory Responses to Exercise: The Basics

-Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Progressive Exercise

-Myocardial Energetics

-Heritability of Cardiac Size

-Isometric (Static) Exercise
Chapter 7. Ventilation Responses

-Developmental Changes in Ventilatory Components

-Ventilatory Mechanics

-Control of Ventilation

-Maintaining Normoxemia

-Prolonged Steady-State Exercise
Chapter 8. Energy Demands of Weight-Bearing Locomotion

-The Meaning of Economy: Is Allometry Appropriate?

-Stride Frequency

-The Cost of Generating Force Hypothesis

-Stride Efficiency and Elastic Recoil

-Muscular Efficiency

-Muscle Co-contraction

-Sex Differences in Economy

-Uphill and Downhill Running

-Implications for Aerobic Fitness
Chapter 9. Short-Burst Activities and Anaerobic Fitness

-Metabolic Anaerobic Fitness

-Laboratory Anaerobic Fitness: Wingate Cycle Testing

-Short-Burst Fitness in the Field: Sprinting

-Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold

-Explosive Power: Vertical Jump
Chapter 10. Muscle Strength

-Dimensionality Theory and Allometric Scaling

-Development of Muscle Strength

-Determinants of Muscle Strength Development

-Explaining Qualitative Changes

-Muscle Damage
Chapter 11. Responses to Physical Training

-Resistance Training

-Trainability of Fitness in Short-Burst Activities

-Aerobic Trainability
Chapter 12. Thermoregulation

-Maturational Changes

-Heat and Exercise Intolerance

-Fluid Balance
Chapter 13. The Central Nervous System and Physiologic Fitness

-The CNS “Governor”

-Perception of Exercise Stress

-Autonomic Neurological Influences

-CNS Control of Physical Activity
Glossary
References
Index
About the Author

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