China and the International System, 1840-1949: Power, Presence, and Perceptions in a Century of Humiliation by David Scott | 9780791476284 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
China and the International System, 1840-1949: Power, Presence, and Perceptions in a Century of Humiliation

China and the International System, 1840-1949: Power, Presence, and Perceptions in a Century of Humiliation

by David Scott
     
 

ISBN-10: 0791476286

ISBN-13: 9780791476284

Pub. Date: 07/01/2009

Publisher: State University of New York Press

Examines the images, hopes, and fears that were evoked during China’s century-long subservience to external powers.

As China continues its rapid ascent within the international system, questions of where it came from have particular relevance. Combining history with international relations theory, David Scott considers China’s first substantive

Overview

Examines the images, hopes, and fears that were evoked during China’s century-long subservience to external powers.

As China continues its rapid ascent within the international system, questions of where it came from have particular relevance. Combining history with international relations theory, David Scott considers China’s first substantive modern period of encounter with the West from 1840 through 1949, a period characterized as the Century of Humiliation. During this time China fell from Middle Kingdom preeminence to a position in the international system that remained an enigmatic and challenging one: too strong to be taken over as a colony, yet not strong enough to shape its own destiny. At the heart of Scott’s study is encounter, and, with it, questions of power, presence, and perceptions. He examines the images, hopes, and fears that were evoked during China’s century-long subservience to external powers, including opposing views of China as a threat or China as the “sick man of Asia” and the West as evil or the West as savior. China and the Chinese are explored in terms of their interaction with the international system, with a particular focus on America and Australia.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791476284
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
07/01/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
371
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
The “Century of Humiliation” as a Retrospective Icon
Transliteration and Word Order

1. International Relations, History, and “Images”

The International System and China: A Challenge of Topic and Disciplinarity
Culture and Identity
Race
Images
Sources

2. Humiliations Established in the First and Second Opium Wars

Colliding Images
The First Opium War (1840–1842)
Humiliation and the Unequal Treaties System
Chinese Responses to Defeat
Chinese Emigration Becomes an International Issue
The Second Opium War (1857–1860)
Geocultural Politics and the Burning of the Summer Palace
Russia’s Drive to the Amur Basin and Vladivostok

3. Humiliations Maintained

Effects and Aftermath of the Second Opium War
“Self-strengthening” Advocates in China
Chinese Immigration Issues in the United States and the “Heathen Chinee”
The “Chinese Threat” in Australasia
Ongoing and New Threats to China in Asia
Political Restrictions in California
Chinese Diplomacy in the West

4. China’s Attempted “Awakening”

China’s Military Revival
Australasian Invasion Scares and Political Debates
American Social Darwinism and Anti-Immigration Politics
Russian Responses to China
An Anglo-Chinese Alliance?
The “March of the Mongol” and “The Chinese Question”
Chinese Voices on “China’s Awakening”

5. China’s Further Humiliations

The Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895
Eastern Perspectives on the Sino-Japanese War
Western Perspectives on the Sino-Japanese War
Reformist Analysis and Imperial Leadership
“Sliced Like a Water-melon”
The Boxer Revolt
Autumnal Perspectives on the Boxer Revolt
Chinese Perspectives
Reemergence of a China Threat Perception
Russian Geopolitics
Xinzheng Reforms and Chinese Nationalism
The Russo-Japanese War and a Sino-Japanese Axis
Immigration and Trade Furors across the Pacific
Fall of the Qing

6. China Adrift in a Brave New World

Images of a New Republic, a New China
Yellow Peril Incarnations (Fu Manchu and Others)
China and “World” War I
Diplomatic Betrayals and the May Fourth Movement
Race and Culture, Pan-Asianism, and Chinese Nationalism
The Soviet Factor
Unequal Treaties Revision and Nationalist Agitation-Renewal
National Reunification and Uncertainties

7. Wartime Humiliations from Japan and the West

The Manchurian Affair and Aftermath
The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945)
Yellow-Red Perils?
Immigration and Extraterritoriality, Strategic Revisions
Perceptions of China’s Status as a Great Power and Military Ally
Western Comments on China’s Postwar Role
Race, Population, and Immigration Resurface
Across the Pacific
Whose China?

8. Legacies

Bibliography
Index

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