China Goes Global: The Partial Power [NOOK Book]

Overview


Most global citizens are well aware of the explosive growth of the Chinese economy. Indeed, China has famously become the "workshop of the world." Yet, while China watchers have shed much light on the country's internal dynamics--China's politics, its vast social changes, and its economic development--few have focused on how this increasingly powerful nation has become more active and assertive throughout the world.

In China Goes Global, eminent China scholar David Shambaugh ...

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China Goes Global: The Partial Power

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Overview


Most global citizens are well aware of the explosive growth of the Chinese economy. Indeed, China has famously become the "workshop of the world." Yet, while China watchers have shed much light on the country's internal dynamics--China's politics, its vast social changes, and its economic development--few have focused on how this increasingly powerful nation has become more active and assertive throughout the world.

In China Goes Global, eminent China scholar David Shambaugh delivers the book that many have been waiting for--a sweeping account of China's growing prominence on the international stage. Thirty years ago, China's role in global affairs beyond its immediate East Asian periphery was decidedly minor and it had little geostrategic power. Today however, China's expanding economic power has allowed it to extend its reach virtually everywhere--from mineral mines in Africa, to currency markets in the West, to oilfields in the Middle East, to agribusiness in Latin America, to the factories of East Asia. Shambaugh offers an enlightening look into the manifestations of China's global presence: its extensive commercial footprint, its growing military power, its increasing cultural influence or "soft power," its diplomatic activity, and its new prominence in global governance institutions.

But Shambaugh is no alarmist. In this balanced and well-researched volume, he argues that China's global presence is more broad than deep and that China still lacks the influence befitting a major world power--what he terms a "partial power." He draws on his decades of China-watching and his deep knowledge of the subject, and exploits a wide variety of previously untapped sources, to shed valuable light on China's current and future roles in world affairs.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
A “dissatisfied and angry power” that is “not ready for global leadership” is the verdict from this measured, deflating assessment of China’s global presence. Shambaugh (Charting China’s Future), a George Washington University political scientist, tags the Middle Kingdom with a risk-averse, irresponsible, narrowly self-interested foreign policy that sows mistrust and leaves it with no allies, a modernizing but still weak military, a maladroit public relations effort marred by stilted government sloganeering, and a gaping deficit of soft power in a world that rejects its parochial culture and authoritarian governance. The result, he argues, is that China “punches way below its weight in international diplomacy” despite its swelling economic might that has upended world energy and commodity markets. The author writes a lucid, highly readable overview of China’s government policy-making apparatus, media, military ambitions and capabilities, trade and investment patterns, and strained relations with almost every region of the world; he’s especially thorough in untangling competing strands of bellicose nativism and liberal internationalism among Chinese international affairs theorists. Drawing on interviews with Chinese policymakers and his own perceptive observations of their conflicting impulses, Shambaugh pointedly corrects the usual hysterical exaggerations of Chinese power. His is an illuminating profile of a colossus that does not—yet—bestride the world. (Feb.)
From the Publisher

"David Shambaugh provides a thoughtful look at the nature and consequences of China's rise in this carefully researched and well-written volume."--Henry A. Kissinger

"This is a must read for those interested in China's foreign affairs particularly and international relations generally." --Library Journal

"[A] lucid, highly readable overview of China's government policy-making apparatus, media, military ambitions and capabilities, trade and investment patterns, and strained relations with almost every region of the world . . . Drawing on interviews with Chinese policymakers and his own perceptive observations of their conflicting impulses, Shambaugh pointedly corrects the usual hysterical exaggerations of Chinese power. His is an illuminating profile of a colossus that does not-yet-bestride the world." --Publishers Weekly

"Here's a book that has its title right -- a statement worth making because so many stretch or bend them for marketing purposes. And that's only the beginning of the elegant distillation George Washington University political scientist David Shambaugh provides in this useful volume, which offers a detailed yet concise portrait of a nation widely perceived as on the cusp of what the Chinese government often ascribes to its American rival: hegemony." --History News Network

"[A] masterful survey." --Foreign Affairs

"[T]imely and highly readable . . . With copious data and not a few anecdotes of his own experience, Shambaugh lays out systematically the case that China's reach, while undeniably global, is almost universally shallow." --Global Policy Journal

"China Goes Global is a fascinating and scholarly challenge to the received wisdom about China's rise, and an important critique of the accepted narrative of Chinese expansionism." --The Economist

"The argument of China Goes Global is made forcefully, systematically and with plenty of evidence. It marshals information and research in a way that is valuable - and often fascinating." --Financial Times

Library Journal
What is the nature of China's current role in world affairs? This is the central question of Shambaugh's (political science, George Washington Univ.; Charting China's Future) latest work. He argues that China's global impact, while broad, is not very deep. Furthermore, he claims, China is not a superpower rivaling the United States, but only a partial power with limited influence internationally. He offers convincing evidence for this viewpoint by systematically examining China's involvement in global diplomacy, governance, economics, culture, and security. Additionally he incorporates quotations from interviews with Chinese officials and academics, giving readers a fascinating glimpse into the internal Chinese debate regarding the country's role in the world. VERDICT This is a must read for those interested in China's foreign affairs particularly and international relations generally. China specialists will appreciate the inclusion of translations into Chinese for much of the terminology. Although the author aims for the general reader, some knowledge of international relations as well as Chinese history and politics is helpful to understand much of the content. For a different view on the same topic, see Martin Jacques's When China Ruled the World.—Joshua Wallace, South Texas Coll. Lib.
Kirkus Reviews
A formal, severe dressing-down of China's global influence. A prominent scholar of contemporary Chinese studies, Shambaugh (Political Science and International Affairs/George Washington Univ.; China's Communist Party, 2008, etc.) fashions an academic framework on the state of Chinese global relations, concluding from ample evidence that China's impact is far more limited than alarmist predictions have maintained. The historical Chinese sense of the nation's centrality and superiority continues to create conflicts within and abroad. China has no allies, writes the author, rarely takes an active role in solving world problems and maintains a political system no one wants to emulate. Its "soft power" in terms of its cultural exports is weak, except perhaps in tourism, cyberhacking and art purchasing. The Chinese government's conflicted sense of how to engage in the wider world is revealed in its sense of insularity, paranoia and desire to "hide its brightness" on the one hand, and need to take on wider global responsibilities as the world's second largest economy on the other. Although an economic superpower, "a workshop of the world," chiefly in exports of "low-end consumer products," Shambaugh finds China's "economic footprint" in terms of trade, energy and investment fairly limited. The author finds China admirably evolving from "passive actor to a selective activist" since the 1980s, yet it is still uncomfortable accepting "liberal norms" generally agreed on by other leading nations. Shambaugh examines in depth the various schools of thought about how to manage China over the decades--e.g., nativist, realist and globalist--and he asserts that the most effective approach is to continue to integrate China within the liberal institutional infrastructure of the international community. A mostly academic look at why China's "rise" is only partial.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199323692
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 1/18/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 471,183
  • File size: 5 MB

Meet the Author

David Shambaugh is Professor of Political Science and International Affairs and Director of the China Policy Program at George Washington University, as well as a nonresident Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. His most recent books include Tangled Titans: The United States and China; Charting China's Future: Domestic & International Challenges; and China's Communist Party: Atrophy & Adaptation.

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Table of Contents

Preface
I. Understanding China's Global Impact
II. China's Global Identities
III. China's Global Diplomatic Presence
IV. China and Global Governance
V. China's Global Economic Presence
VI. China's Global Cultural Presence
VII. China's Global Security Presence
VIII. Coping with a Globalized China

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