China Human Development Report 1999: Transition and the State

China Human Development Report 1999: Transition and the State

by United Nations Development Programme
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195925866

ISBN-13: 9780195925869

Pub. Date: 08/03/2000

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This book is about the changing role of the Chinese state during the transition from central planning to a civil society with a market economy. The discussion as a whole supports the case for a Chinese state that is vigorous and active, but in different ways than in the past. This book contains the most up-to-date Human Development Index (HDI) numbers for China's

Overview

This book is about the changing role of the Chinese state during the transition from central planning to a civil society with a market economy. The discussion as a whole supports the case for a Chinese state that is vigorous and active, but in different ways than in the past. This book contains the most up-to-date Human Development Index (HDI) numbers for China's provinces as well as the Gender Development Index.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195925869
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
08/03/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
124
Product dimensions:
8.30(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1(2)
The Role of the State: A Theoretical Survey with Reference to China
3(12)
Introduction: The State and Human Development
3(1)
The State as the Corrector of "Market Failure"
3(2)
Traditional Market Failures
3(1)
New Market Failures
4(1)
Government Failure
5(1)
The State as the Creator of Market Institutions
5(3)
The State and Transition to a Market Economy
6(2)
The State's Role in Income Distribution
8(2)
Reducing Rural-Urban Gap and Enlarging Domestic Demand
9(1)
The Role of the State in Human Development
10(3)
The State's Role vis-a-vis an International Economy
13(1)
Strengthening State Capacity
13(2)
The Political Condition
13(1)
The Fiscal Condition
13(2)
The Role of The State Before The Reform Era
15(24)
The Traditional State and Human Development
15(5)
The Evolution of the Traditional State
15(1)
The Role of the State in Stimulating Modern Industry
16(1)
The State in Human Development
17(3)
The State and Human Development from 1949 to the Reform Era
20(19)
The State's Planning System
20(2)
The State and Economic Growth
22(2)
The State and Human Development
24(10)
The State and Mobilization Campaigns
34(5)
The State and Human Development in the Reform Era
39(18)
New Trends in the Role of the State
39(9)
The Separation of the Government from Direct Control of Production and Trade
39(2)
The Decline of the State's Fiscal Role and Position
41(1)
The Growth of Civil Society
41(2)
Increasing Independence of Individuals From the State
43(1)
The Separation of State From Party: Progress Toward an Independent Legislature and Judiciary
44(2)
Decentralization of Public Administration
46(1)
The Development of Village Democracy
47(1)
Growing Integration of China into International Society
48(1)
Enhancement of State Capacity
48(6)
Leaner Government with New Functions
49(1)
Modernizing Public Administration
49(1)
Government Transparency
50(1)
Coordination of Economic and Social Development
50(2)
Seeking Cooperation with Other Actors
52(1)
Strengthening Risk Management Caused by Globalization
52(2)
Effects of the State's Changing Role and Capacity on Human Development
54(3)
Major Human Development Issues in the Reform Process
57(24)
Unemployment
57(5)
Explosive Increase in Urban Unemployment
57(1)
Situation of Urban Laid-off Workers
58(2)
Why Does Urban Unemployment Increase Sharply?
60(2)
Regional Disparities
62(4)
The Change in Regional Social and Economic Development Disparities, 1978-1995
62(2)
Causes of Increasing Regional Disparities
64(2)
Urban-Rural Gap in Income and Public Services
66(4)
Relative Disparity in the Income of Rural and Urban Residents
66(3)
Urban-Rural Disparities in Public Services
69(1)
Environmental Degradation
70(5)
Major Environmental Issues
70(4)
Economic Losses from Disasters and Pollution
74(1)
Environmental Protected Plan
75(1)
Declining State Extractive Capacity and Its Consequences
75(6)
Public Goods and Services
76(1)
Deficient Infrastructure.
77(1)
Corruption.
77(4)
The Changing Role of the State, the Imperative of Growth, and Human Development
81
Importance of Government Extractive Capacity
81
The Issue of Extra-Budgetary Funds
82
Closing the Revenue Gap
83
Moving Towards a Diversified Financial System
85
Essential State Action for Economic Growth: Principles
85
State Activity to Support Development: Discussion
86
State Action Targeted at Human Development
89
Making the State More Accountable
91
Conclusion
92

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