China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia

China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia

by Peter C. Perdue
     
 

"In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Qing empire of China expanded to unprecedented size. With a series of ambitious military campaigns into the heart of Central Eurasia, astute diplomacy, and economic investment, the Manchu rulers of the Qing defeated their major rivals, the Zunghar Mongols, and brought all of modern Xinjiang and Mongolia under their… See more details below

Overview

"In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Qing empire of China expanded to unprecedented size. With a series of ambitious military campaigns into the heart of Central Eurasia, astute diplomacy, and economic investment, the Manchu rulers of the Qing defeated their major rivals, the Zunghar Mongols, and brought all of modern Xinjiang and Mongolia under their control, while gaining dominant influence in Tibet. The Chinas we know today is a product of these vast frontier conquests." Peter Perdue chronicles for the first time in English this little-known story of the Qing conquest, discussing the military strategies, diplomatic maneuvers, logistical preparations, and ideological proclamations of all the contending parties. Han Chinese, Manchus, Mongols, Uighurs, Russians, and Tibetans all played their part in this early version of the Central Asian Great Game. Perdue explains why the Qing, unlike all previous Chinese dynasties, were able to achieve enduring domination in the region, and examines how the Qing rulers ensured that their control would last. They did not shrink from forcible repression, but they also aimed to win over subject populations by peaceful means. They invested heavily in economic and administrative development, promoted peasant migration and merchant trade networks, and conducted ceremonies adapted to the distinct peoples they rules. Their cultural vision stressed the valuable role of the frontier regions in the all-powerful imperial state. They rewrote the history of the conquest to make the victories look like inevitable results of Heavenly grace.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674057432
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
09/30/2010
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
752
Sales rank:
1,391,156
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.40(h) x 1.90(d)

Table of Contents

Pt. 1The formation of the central Eurasian states
1Environments, state building, and national identity15
2The Ming, Muscovy, and Siberia, 1400-160051
3Central Eurasian interactions and the rise of the Manchus, 1600-167094
Pt. 2Contending for power
4Manchus, Mongols, and Russians in conflict, 1670-1690133
5Eating snow : the end of Galdan, 1690-1697174
6Imperial overreach and Zunghar survival, 1700-1731209
7The final blows, 1734-1771256
Pt. 3The economic basis of empire
8Cannons and camelback : ecological structures and economic conjunctures303
9Land settlement and military colonies324
10Harvests and relief358
11Currency and commerce378
Pt. 4Fixing frontiers
12Moving through the land409
13Marking time : writing imperial history462
Pt. 5Legacies and implications
14Writing the national history of conquest497
15State building in Europe and Asia518
16Frontier expansion in the rise and fall of the Qing547
App. ARulers and reigns569
App. BThe Yongzheng emperor reels from the news of the disaster, 1731571
App. CHaggling at the border575
App. DGansu harvests and yields583
App. EClimate and harvests in the Northwest589

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