China of the Chinese (Classic Reprint)by E. T. C. Werner
The history of China may be broadly divided into two equal parts - the Feudal period and the Monarchical period. Each of these lasted twenty-one centuries. Subject to the qualification presently to be mentioned, the duration in both cases was exactly 2,136 years. The reign of the Great Yao, the first authentic ruler of China, began
Excerpt from China of the Chinese
The history of China may be broadly divided into two equal parts - the Feudal period and the Monarchical period. Each of these lasted twenty-one centuries. Subject to the qualification presently to be mentioned, the duration in both cases was exactly 2,136 years. The reign of the Great Yao, the first authentic ruler of China, began in 2357 B.C. The feudal system which obtained from that time and became more definite and developed tinder the Kings of Chou, ended in 221 B.C. From 221 B.C. to A.D. 1915 - counting in the four years, A.D. 1912-1915, during which the Republic, though nominally established, was not consolidated - the monarchical form of government prevailed.
Of course, these two main divisions admit of sub-division, but for the purpose of the present work they will serve very well. Anyone who at this time undertakes to give a description of "China of the Chinese," is confronted with this difficulty: - The period covered by the rule of the Manchu Monarchy, generally known as the Great Ch'ing Dynasty (A.D. 1644-1912), recently concluded, would belong to "China of the Manchus" rather than to "China of the Chinese." Moreover, considering the enormous number of existing works dealing with that period, to write another on the same plan would, to say the least, be superfluous, unless the treatment were original or the subject or sub-period one not yet adequately dealt with. Whereas, to write a book dealing with the four or five years since the overthrow of the Manchu supremacy, during which things have been formulating, but have not yet formulated themselves, would be like writing the life-history of an infant still in its cradle.
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