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Throughout the past three decades East Asia has seen more peace and stability than at any time since the Opium Wars of 1839-1841. Durgaing this period China has rapidly emerged as a major regional power, averaging over nine percent economic growth per year since the introduction of its market reforms in 1978. Foreign businesses have flocked to invest in China, and Chinese exports have begun to flood the world. China is modernizing its military, has joined numerous regional and international institutions, and plays an increasingly visible role in international politics. In response to this growth, other states in East Asia have moved to strengthen their military, economic, and diplomatic relations with China. But why have these countries accommodated rather than balanced China's rise?
David C. Kang believes certain preferences and beliefs are responsible for maintaining stability in East Asia. Kang's research shows how East Asian states have grown closer to China, with little evidence that the region is rupturing. Rising powers present opportunities as well as threats, and the economic benefits and military threat China poses for its regional neighbors are both potentially huge; however, East Asian states see substantially more advantage than danger in China's rise, making the region more stable, not less. Furthermore, although East Asian states do not unequivocally welcome China in all areas, they are willing to defer judgment regarding what China wants and what its role in East Asia will become. They believe that a strong China stabilizes East Asia, while a weak China tempts other states to try to control the region.
Many scholars downplay the role of ideas and suggest that a rising China will be a destabilizing force in the region, but Kang's provocative argument reveals the flaws in contemporary views of China and the international relations of East Asia and offers a new understanding of the importance of sound U.S. policy in the region.
Columbia University Press
— Steve Tsang
— Charles Burton
— Andrew Scobell, Texas A&M University
— John Frankenstein
— Robert E. Bedeski
— Jungmin Seo
— Stefan Fergus
List of Illustrations
Pt. I The Puzzle and the Argument 1
1 The Puzzle and China's Amazing Rise 3
2 Power, Interests, and Identity in East Asian International Relations, 1300 to 1900 18
3 Describing East Asia: Alignment Strategies Toward China 50
Pt. II East Asia Responds to China 77
4 China: Identity, Sovereignty, and Taiwan 79
5 South Korea: Embracing Interdependence in Search of Security 104
6 Southeast Asia: Accommodating China's Rise 126
7 Japan: A Normal Identity 153
Pt. III East Asia and the United States 183
8 The Role of the United States in East Asia 185
9 Conclusions and Implications 197
Selected Bibliography 253
Posted October 13, 2010
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