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China's Political System: Modernization and Tradition / Edition 5

China's Political System: Modernization and Tradition / Edition 5

by June Teufel Dreyer

ISBN-10: 0321355105

ISBN-13: 9780321355102

Pub. Date: 07/27/2005

Publisher: Longman

This highly respected text demonstrates how the government of China,the world's most populous nation, has been significantly affected by attempts to harmonize the unique nature of its indigenous culture with a variety of influences and ideas from the outside world.


This highly respected text demonstrates how the government of China,the world's most populous nation, has been significantly affected by attempts to harmonize the unique nature of its indigenous culture with a variety of influences and ideas from the outside world.

Product Details

Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents





About the Author.


Political Map of China.


1. Introduction.

Modernization and Chinese Civilization.

Theories of Analysis of Chinese Politics.

Theoretical Analysis in the Early Years of the PRC.

Theories Engendered by the Cultural Revolution.

Post-Mao Theories of Analysis.


2. The Chinese Tradition.

Basic Characteristics.

The Governmental Structure of Traditional China.

The Examination System.

Literature and Art.

The Role of Law in Traditional China.

The Military.

The Barbarian Problem.

Interpretations of Chinese History.

Implications for Industrialization.


3. Reformers, Warlords, and Communists.

The New Invasion.

The Self-Strengthening Movement.

Reform and Revolution.

The Reformers.

The Reactionaries.

The Revolutionaries.

The Kuomintang.

4. The Communist Road to Power.

The Early Years: 1919—1923.

The Period of Soviet Control: 1923—1931.

The Jiangxi Soviet: 1931—1934.

The Long March: 1934—1935.

The Xi’an Incident: 1936.

The Second United Front: 1936—1941.

Civil War andVictory: 1941—1949.

5. PRC Politics Under Mao: 1949—1976.

Consolidation of Power: 1949—1955.

Establishing the Organs of Power.

The Hundred Flowers Period: 1956—1957.

The Great Leap Forward and Its Aftermath: 1958—1961.

The Socialist Education Movement: 1962—1966.

The Cultural Revolution: 1966—1976.

The Years of Upheaval: 1966—1969.

Reconstruction: 1970—1976.

6. PRC Politics in the Post-Mao Era: 1976—2005.

Interregnum: 1976—1978.

Deng Ascendant.

The Legacy of Mao.

Political Realignment and Policy Readjustment.

The Tiananmen Demonstrations, 1989.

The “Third Generation” Assumes Power: China Under Jiang Zemin.

The Three Representatives.

Civic Organizations.

Changing Central-Local Relationships.

The “Fourth Generation” Assumes Power.


7. The Politics of the Economy.


The Early Years: 1949—1950.

The Socialist Transformation of Agriculture: 1949—1978.

Industrial Policy in the Maoist Era .

Modern Industry.


Maoist Economic Policies Assessed.

Economic Policy Under Deng Xiaoping.

Agricultural Reforms.

The Private Sector.

More Responsibility for State Enterprises.

Reforming the Price System.

Reforming the Reforms.

New Problems for Deng’s Successors.


8. Crime and Punishment: The Legal System of the PRC.

Less Than Peaceful Coexistence of the Societal and Jural Models: 1949—1953.

The Jural Model in Ascendance: 1954—1957.

Resurgence of the Societal Model: 1957—1965.

The Societal Model Rampant: 1966—1976.

Law and Justice in the Post-Mao Era: Return to the Jural Model.

The New Legal System.

Legal Developments.

The Trial Process.


The Penal System.


9. The Role of the Military.

Party and Army.

Assessing the Maoist Model.

The Influence of the Korean War on the PLA.

The Revolt Against Professionalism.

The Effect of the June 4th Incident on the PLA.

The Military Under Jiang Zemin.


10. Education.

Devising a System.

The Drive for Egalitarianism and Fall Back Toward Expertise.

Redness Revisited: The Cultural Revolution.

Egalitarians Versus Experts: The Search for a Synthesis.

The Search for Academic Excellence.


11. Quality-of-Life Issues: Health, Demography, and the Environment.



The Environment.


12. Conformity and Dissent: The Politics of the Arts and Journalism.

Artist and Society in China.

The Party, Art, and Social Protest.

Post-1949 Control Mechanisms.

Repression and Reaction.

Culture and the Cultural Revolution.

The Arts Under Deng Xiaoping.

Restrained Dissent.

Protest Gains Momentum.

Experimenting with Capitalism in the Arts.

The Campaign Against Spiritual Pollution.

Looming Confrontation.

The Tiananmen Demonstrations and Their Aftermath.


13. Ethnic Minorities and National Integration.

China’s Minority Peoples.

Ethnicity in Communist Ideology.

Minorities Policy in Practice.

The Early Years: 1949—1957.

The Great Leap Forward and Its Aftermath: 1959—1965.

The Cultural Revolution: 1966—1971.

Return to Pluralism: 1971—1977.

Post-Mao Minorities Policy.

Reform Produces Problems.

External Factors.

Repression Increases.

Genuine Autonomy as a Possible Solution.


14. Foreign Policy.






The Formulation of Foreign Policy.

Chinese Foreign Relations: An Overview.

The “Lean to One Side” Policy: 1949—1954.

The Bandung Spirit: 1954—1957.

Resurgent Nationalism and Isolation: 1957—1969.

Global Power Politics: 1969—Present.


15. Conclusions.


Useful Websites.




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