Chinese Classic of Family Reverence: A Philosophical Translation of the Xiaojing

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Few If Any Philosophical Schools have championed family values as persistently as the early Confucians, and a great deal can be learned by attending to what they had to say on the subject. In the Confucian tradition, human morality and the personal realization it inspires are grounded in the cultivation of family feeling. One may even go so far as to say that, for China, family reverence was a necessary condition for developing any of the other human qualities of excellence. On the basis of the present translation of the Xiaojing (Classic of Family Reverence) and supplemental passages found in other early philosophical writings, Professors Rosemont and Ames articulate a specifically Confucian conception of "role ethics" that, in its emphasis on a relational conception of the person, is markedly different from most early and contemporary dominant Western moral theories. This Confucian role ethics takes as its inspiration the perceived necessity of family feeling as the entry point in the development of moral competence and as a guide to the religious life as well.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824833480
  • Publisher: University of Hawaii Press, The
  • Publication date: 2/28/2009
  • Language: Chinese
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 132
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Translators' Preface xi

Introduction 1

I Why Study This Text? 1

II Historical and Textual Background 6

1 Synopsis of the Book 6

2 Confucius 8

3 Master Zeng 11

4 The Text and Its Historical Context 17

III Philosophical and Religious Background 22

1 Xiao in Classical Confucianism 22

2 The Sociopolitical Dimensions of xiao 28

3 The Ethical Dimensions of xiao 34

4 Xiao and Human-centered Religiousness 59

IV The Lexicon of Key Chinese Philosophical Terms 64

Notes to the Introduction 92

Classic of Family Reverence (Xiaojing) 105

Chapter 1 Setting the Theme and Illuminating Its Meaning 105

Chapter 2 The Emperor as Son of "tian" 106

Chapter 3 The Hereditary Lords 106

Chapter 4 The Ministers and High Officials 106

Chapter 5 The Lower Officials 107

Chapter 6 The Common People 108

Chapter 7 The Three Powers and Resources 108

Chapter 8 Governing through Family Reverence 109

Chapter 9 Sagely Governing 109

Chapter 10 A Record of Family Reverence in Practice 111

Chapter 11 The Five Punishments 112

Chapter 12 Elaborating upon "the Vital Way" 112

Chapter 13 Elaborating upon "Consummate Excellence" 112

Chapter 14 Elaborating upon "Raising One's Name High for Posterity" 113

Chapter 15 On Remonstrance (jian) 113

Chapter 16 Resonance 114

Chapter 17 Serving One's Lord 115

Chapter 18 Mourning for Parents 115

Notes to the Classic of Family Reverence 116

Bibliography 119

Index 129

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