Chinese Human Smuggling Organizations: Families, Social Networks, and Cultural Imperatives / Edition 1

Chinese Human Smuggling Organizations: Families, Social Networks, and Cultural Imperatives / Edition 1

by Sheldon Zhang
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0804757410

ISBN-13: 9780804757416

Pub. Date: 04/28/2008

Publisher: Stanford University Press

Based on years of fieldwork and interviews with 129 human smugglers as well as scores of government and law enforcement officials, this book presents a rare look into the secretive world of the "snakeheads" (human smugglers) whose ingenious endeavors have transported hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants into the United States and other Western

Overview

Based on years of fieldwork and interviews with 129 human smugglers as well as scores of government and law enforcement officials, this book presents a rare look into the secretive world of the "snakeheads" (human smugglers) whose ingenious endeavors have transported hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants into the United States and other Western countries.

The book is rich with vivid accounts of how groups of opportunistic entrepreneurs form loosely connected social circles to accomplish seemingly complex transnational negotiations. Zhang's findings and analyses challenge many widespread misconceptions about these smugglers in particular and Chinese organized crime in general. Bound together by little more than the pursuit of profit, these otherwise ordinary men have demonstrated remarkable flexibility in adapting to market and socio-legal constraints.

The author's concept of the "dyadic cartwheel network" integrates major theoretical constructs to explain how and why freelance operators have come to dominate the human smuggling enterprise instead of traditional crime syndicate.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780804757416
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
Publication date:
04/28/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     xi
Acknowledgments     xix
Snakeheads and Human Smuggling Operations
Coming to America: Illegal Chinese Migration to the United States     3
Becoming a Snakehead     23
Recruitment, Preparation, and Departure     42
Smuggling Activities in Transit     64
Arrival and Payment Collection in America     81
Making Money from Human Smuggling     93
The Human Smuggling Organization
Organizational and Operational Characteristics     105
The Dyadic Cartwheel Network     132
Human Smuggling and Traditional Chinese Organized Crime     155
Women and Chinese Human Smuggling     182
The Future of Chinese Human Smuggling     208
Epilogue     235
Research Sites     239
Research Method     240
Notes     249
Glossary     255
References     259
Index     273

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