Chinese Immigrants, African Americans, and Racial Anxiety in the United States, 1848-82 / Edition 1

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"This book explores the striking similarities in the ways the Chinese and African American populations in the United States were disenfranchised during the mid-1800s. Najia Aarim-Heriot reveals that both groups were prevented from becoming members of the American political and social community by means of nearly identical negative stereotypes, shrill rhetoric, and crippling exclusionary laws." "The first detailed examination of the link between the "Chinese question" and the "Negro problem" in nineteenth-century America, this work forcefully and convincingly demonstrates that the anti-Chinese sentiment that led up to the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 is inseparable from the racial double standards applied by mainstream white society to white and non-white groups during the same period." Najia Aarim-Heriot argues that previous studies on American Sinophobia have overemphasized the resentment labor organizations felt toward incoming Chinese workers. This focus has caused crucial elements of the discussion to be overlooked, especially the broader ways in which the growing nation sought to define and unify itself through the exclusion and oppression of nonwhite peoples.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book provides a new framework for understanding nineteenth century anti-Chinese sentiment. Aarim-Hariot's research and the way she connects her sources should help historians think about racism beyond the biracial paradigm which has entrenched us for too long."—Left History
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780252073519
  • Publisher: University of Illinois Press
  • Publication date: 2/6/2006
  • Series: Asian American Experience
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
1 Racial Nativism in America until 1850 15
2 The Beginning of the Negroization of the Chinese in California, 1850-53 30
3 "The Copper of the Pacific" and "The Ebony of the Atlantic": Race Relations, 1854-60 43
4 Race Relations in the Civil War Era 63
5 Congressional Reconstruction and the Race Questions, 1865-69 84
6 Americans and the Chinese Question, 1865-69 103
7 Chinese Labor in the South and New England, 1865-70 119
8 Chinese Immigrants, African Americans, and the Retreat from Reconstruction, 1870-74 140
9 Race Relations in California, 1870-74 156
10 Intensification of the Anti-Chinese Movement, 1874-80 172
11 The Politics of Racism in the Chinese Exclusion Debates, 1879-82 196
Conclusion 215
Notes 229
Bibliography 261
Index 277
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