Chinese Walled Cities 221 Bc-1644

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Overview

It has been said in China that a city without a wall would be as inconceivable as a house without a roof. Even the smallest village invariably had some form of defensive wall, while the Great Wall of China was an attempt to build a barrier along the most vulnerable border of the entire country. Yet the finest examples of walled communities were China's walled cities, whose defensive architecture surpassed anything along the Great Wall. This book traces the evolution of the walled city from the 3,000 year old ...

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Chinese Walled Cities 221 BC - AD 1644

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Overview

It has been said in China that a city without a wall would be as inconceivable as a house without a roof. Even the smallest village invariably had some form of defensive wall, while the Great Wall of China was an attempt to build a barrier along the most vulnerable border of the entire country. Yet the finest examples of walled communities were China's walled cities, whose defensive architecture surpassed anything along the Great Wall. This book traces the evolution of the walled city from the 3,000 year old remains of the beaten earth walls of the Shang dynasty to the huge stone fortifications of the Ming dynasty. Stephen Turnbull, expert military historian, reveals the defensive structures from all the major ancient Chinese cities, and discusses how they protected entire communities, and not just castle dwellers, with color artwork reconstructions, maps and archive photographs.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This is one of the best books in the series on the Orient." -J.E. Kaufmann, Site-O - www.siteo.net (July 2009)

"The book covers the complete design and implementation of styles and shows how the various works were modified or improved to meet the needs of the areas in which they were placed... All of this is additionally enhanced by photos of the current sites, period art work and the illustrations of Steve Noon. Though some of the fortifications are either gone or inaccessible, many are still extant and those areas are shown and discussed.
In all, a superb addition to the Fortress series and a book that I believe you will find interesting." -Scott Van Aken, www.modelingmadness.com (August 2009)

"This intriguing book is an outstanding introduction to fortifications and siege warfare in Asia over 20 centuries. In addition, it offers suggestions and advice for those interested in seeing these city walls for themselves, as tourism in China has opened so much in recent times. For those interested in fortifications beyond the European culture, this book is highly recommended." -Bolling Smith, Coast Defense Journal (March 2010)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781846033810
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 5/19/2009
  • Series: Fortress Series
  • Pages: 64
  • Sales rank: 766,326
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Stephen Turnbull took his first degree at Cambridge University, and received a PhD from Leeds University for his work on Japanese religious history. He has traveled extensively in Europe and the Far East and also runs a well-used picture library. His work has been recognized by the awarding of the Canon Prize of the British Association for Japanese Studies and a Japan Festival Literary Award. He currently divides his time between lecturing in Japanese Religion at the University of Leeds and writing.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 4

The Chinese dynasties and their fortified cities

Chronology 13

Design and Development 14

Location and layout

Building city walls

Gates and towers Moats, river defences and fortified harbours

The Principles of Defence 21

The Great Fortified Cities of China 24

Zhengzhou: the ancient walled city

Chang'an: the model capital Kaifeng: the fortress on the Yellow River

Beijing: the capital of the north Nanjing: the fortress on the Yangzi

Suzhou: the city on water Pingyao: the great survivor

Zhang Bi: a fortified city in miniature

The Living Sites 40

The fortified city at peace

The fortified city in times of war Military personnel and the siege situation

The Sites at War 47

Yubi, ad 546

Jiankang, ad 548-49

Fengtian, ad 783 Xiangyang and De'an, ad 1206-07

Kaifeng, ad 1232

Shaoxing, ad 1359

The Sites Today 58

Bibliography 62

Glossary 63

Index 64

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 5, 2014

    Med den

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 23, 2013

    Healers den

    The healers den is bhind a small waterfall. Its a cave. The cve has many small tunnels for the sick. One tunnel is the Herbal tunnel...were the herbs r stored

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