Chivalry in Twelfth Century Germany: The Works of Hartmann von Aue

Chivalry in Twelfth Century Germany: The Works of Hartmann von Aue

by W.H. Jackson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0859914313

ISBN-13: 9780859914314

Pub. Date: 01/12/1995

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited

'Concerned principally to situate Hartmann's works in their social and cultural historical context, Jackson's carefully constructed and lucidly written book will be required and compelling reaading at every level of interest, from undergraduate student to specialist scholar. It expounds knighthood as the major theme of Hartmann's varied oeuvre, reflected and refracted…  See more details below

Overview

'Concerned principally to situate Hartmann's works in their social and cultural historical context, Jackson's carefully constructed and lucidly written book will be required and compelling reaading at every level of interest, from undergraduate student to specialist scholar. It expounds knighthood as the major theme of Hartmann's varied oeuvre, reflected and refracted through the prism of different genres, fictional material and narrative positions. Jackson's unrivalled grasp of the historical evidence for the material, social and ideological dimensions of chivalry in the twelfth century is brought to bear on the texts in a way which never reduces these to mere functions of an extra-literary reality, but brings out the subtle and dynamic interplay of their aesthetic patterns and documentary correlatives... The book also builds up a persuasive framework for understanding Hartmann's literary production as a whole and for grasping it as an evolving reflection of and on knighthood as the key mode and model of social self-realisation for his chivalric audience.' FORUM FOR MODERN LANGUAGE STUDIES Hartmann von Aue is a major figure in medieval German literature, and his works document key features of the history of chivalry in an important phase of transition and consolidation. This book is the first full-scale enquiry undertaken of the presentation of the role of knighthood across the full range of Hartmann's works, considering the social, ideological and literary dimensions of chivalry and fruitfully combining literary, linguistic and historical approaches. The opening chapters place Hartmann's works in the broader perspective of Arthurian literature and of kingship and chivalry in western Europe, and in the context of the changing historical reality of knighthood as a military and a social order in twelfth-century Germany. Further chapters are devoted to each of his works, Erec, Gregorius, the Klage and his lyrics, Der arme Heinrich and Dwein, which are interpreted both with a historical

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780859914314
Publisher:
Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date:
01/12/1995
Series:
Arthurian Studies, #34
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
0.81(w) x 9.21(h) x 6.14(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Preface
Abbreviations
1King Arthur and the Rise of Knighthood1
Arthur's kingship and the rise of knighthood in the twelfth century1
Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae3
The Arthurian romances of Chretien de Troyes9
Hartmann's adaptations of Erec and Yvain19
King Arthur and the social context of Hartmann's works30
2Knighthood and Social Status in Twelfth-Century Germany and in Hartmann's Erec37
Preliminary sketch37
Knighthood and military function43
Knights in lordly retinues: ritter and knehte, ritter and vrouwen47
Knighthood and social differentiation in the twelfth century: ritters name55
Knighthood and nobility in historical sources63
Knighthood and nobility in Hartmann's Erec73
3Knighthood and the Ethics of Force in Erec84
Peace movements, the court and the development of knightly ethics84
The role of combats in the composition of Erec96
Iders: combat and the restoration of order100
The tournament and honour103
Erec's verligen and the world of adventure107
The robbers and the giants: robbery, captivity and ethical progress109
Galoain and Oringles: lordship and violence116
Guivreiz: aventiure, triuwe and proper grounds for combat120
Mabonagrin: knighthood and the joy of the court126
Chivalric values, aesthetic form and the historical situation of Hartmann's Erec134
4Gregorius: Knighthood in Perspective147
Gregorius and the three estates147
The view of knighthood in the debate between the abbot and Gregorius149
The moral evaluation of chivalry in Gregorius158
Penance, contrition and the inner life165
5Knighthood, Love Service and the Crusade in Hartmann's Klage and His Lyrics167
The figure of the knight in twelfth-century Minnesang167
Lessons in love: the Klage174
The ethics of service and reward in Hartmann's lyrics178
Knighthood and conversion: Hartmann's crusading songs182
6Der Arme Heinrich: Lord, Peasant and Lay Literacy194
Hartmann and lay literacy194
Knighthood and moral insight198
Aristocracy and peasantry202
7Knighthood in Iwein: Voices of the Characters210
Introduction: knighthood and narrative voice210
Iwein's awakening: the basis of a chivalric identity214
Gawein's advice: knighthood, marriage and lordship over lands217
Lunete's accusation: knighthood and triuwe227
8Knighthood in Iwein: Social, Legal and Ethical Dimensions of the Action235
Arthur's realm - Laudine's realm235
The opening cycle: honour and self-assertion237
The main cycle: justice and moral reflection245
aventiure, trial by combat and the role of courtliness259
Chivalric values, aesthetic form and the historical situation of Hartmann's Iwein276
9Conclusions282
Bibliography291
Index314

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