Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals / Edition 2 by Neil Smith | 9780521546881 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals / Edition 2

Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals / Edition 2

by Neil Smith
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521546885

ISBN-13: 9780521546881

Pub. Date: 08/15/2004

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Noam Chomsky is one of the leading intellectual figures of modern times. He has had a major influence on linguistics, psychology and philosophy, and a significant effect on a range of other disciplines from anthropology to mathematics, education to literary criticism. In this rigorous yet accessible account of Chomsky's work and influence, Neil Smith analyses

Overview

Noam Chomsky is one of the leading intellectual figures of modern times. He has had a major influence on linguistics, psychology and philosophy, and a significant effect on a range of other disciplines from anthropology to mathematics, education to literary criticism. In this rigorous yet accessible account of Chomsky's work and influence, Neil Smith analyses Chomsky's key contributions to the study of language and the study of mind. He gives a detailed and partly historical exposition of Chomsky's linguistic theorizing, and examines the ideas (such as deep and surface structure) for which he is best known. Smith discusses the psychological and philosophical implications of Chomsky's work, and argues that he has fundamentally changed the way we think of ourselves, gaining a position in the history of ideas on a par with that of Darwin or Descartes. Finally, he examines Chomsky's political ideas and how these fit intellectually with his scholarly work. Smith argues that, despite Chomsky's own disavowal of any very close connection, there are fundamental ideas of rationality, creativity and modularity that draw together the disparate strands of his vast output. Throughout, Smith explores the controversy surrounding Chomsky's work, and explains why he has been both adulated and vilifed.

This second edition has been thoroughly updated and revised to account for Chomsky's most recent work, including his continued contributions to linguistics (in particular new developments in the Minimalist Program), his further discussion on evolution, and his extensive work on the events of September 11, 2001 and their aftermath. The bibliography and notes have been expanded to account for the rapidly growing secondary literature on Chomsky's work, as well as the many new works by Chomsky himself. It will be welcomed by students and researchers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, cognitive science and politics, and anyone with an interest in the impact of Chomsky's work.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521546881
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/15/2004
Edition description:
Revised
Pages:
300
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.67(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the second editionxi
Acknowledgments for the first editionxiii
Introduction1
Chomsky's achievement1
On heroes and influences4
1The mirror of the mind6
Linguistics as a science7
The nature of idealization10
Common sense14
Modularity15
Double dissociation19
Modules and quasi-modules23
Intelligence and "learning"24
Competence and performance25
Competence and grammar26
Rules27
I-language and E-language28
Performance, parsing, and pragmatics32
Parsing considerations32
Pragmatic considerations34
Competence and performance versus I-language and E-language35
Evolution and innateness36
Language acquisition37
Poverty of the stimulus38
Word meaning39
Universals40
Natural language and the language of thought43
Summary45
2The linguistic foundation46
Introduction46
Knowledge of language47
The lexicon47
Knowledge of structure49
Knowledge of structural relations50
Levels of representation53
Constituents and rules54
Deep structure56
Description versus explanation58
From rules of principles60
The elimination of PS rules63
X-bar theory64
Government and Binding theory66
Binding theory66
Locality68
Theta theory69
Case theory and government70
Empty categories73
The status of transformations76
Principles and parameters78
Lexical and functional categories80
Minimalism83
Economy86
The elements of Minimalism88
Perfect syntax92
A historical progression93
Evolution94
3Psychological reality97
Causality and observability99
Psychological reality and the nature of evidence101
Intuitions103
Language processing109
The derivational theory of complexity110
Grammars and parsers112
Parsing problems115
Economy117
Language acquisition (Plato's problem)119
Teaching versus learning119
Learning versus growing120
Parameter setting120
The critical period hypothesis123
Maturation126
Language pathology129
Agenesis of the corpus callosum129
The polyglot savant130
Specific language impairment (SLI)131
Connectionism: the behaviorists strike back133
4Philosophical realism: commitments and controversies138
Commitments138
Realism138
I-language revisited140
Representation and computation141
Naturalism142
Mentalism144
Tacit knowledge145
The mind-body problem146
Controversies147
Language and the world147
Language and the community150
Language and the individual156
Problems of semantics162
Innateness167
Unification and reduction173
Conclusions175
5Language and freedom176
Explanation and dissent: the common threads176
Relentless dissent176
Common sense and theory176
Rationality, modularity, and creativity179
Rationality179
Modularity181
Malleability and plasticity182
Creativity184
The anarchist background185
The Encyclopedistes188
The critique of (American) foreign policy189
Vietnam191
East Timor192
9-11: terrorism and the "war on terror"194
The critique of domestic policy197
Pig farming in Haiti198
Drug trafficking199
The critique of media control200
Murder202
Third world elections202
The treason of the intellectuals203
The technique of dissection204
The exposure of warped perspective205
The exposure of suppressed precursor events206
The exposure of debased language207
Moral absolutes and options for the future209
The Faurisson affair209
Islamic fundamentalism210
Authority212
The positive program212
Conclusion214
Envoi216
Notes217
Bibliography248
Index276

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