Choosing Sides: Loyalists in Revolutionary America


Though scores of texts, films and stories have been told about the American Revolution from the perspectives of our Founding Fathers and their followers, comparatively little is known about those colonists who resisted the revolutionary movement, and tried desperately to preserve their nation’s ties to the British Empire. Choosing Sides: Loyalists in Revolutionary America shows us that America’s original colonies were not nearly as united behind the concept of forming free, independent states as our society’s ...

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Choosing Sides: Loyalists in Revolutionary America

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Though scores of texts, films and stories have been told about the American Revolution from the perspectives of our Founding Fathers and their followers, comparatively little is known about those colonists who resisted the revolutionary movement, and tried desperately to preserve their nation’s ties to the British Empire. Choosing Sides: Loyalists in Revolutionary America shows us that America’s original colonies were not nearly as united behind the concept of forming free, independent states as our society’s collective memory would have us believe. There were, in fact, numerous colonists, slaves, and Native Americans who counted themselves among the Loyalists: those who never wanted to sever ties with the English crown and who viewed revolution as an unnatural and unlawful mistake. Too often overlooked, these men and women made valid and valuable arguments against the formation of the United States—both weighing the costs of revolution and the perilousness of existing without divine rule of a monarch— arguments that even hundreds of years into America’s existence are echoed and championed both within and beyond our borders.
Colonists from commoners to clergymen had nuanced and complex reasons for wanting to remain under British control, and an awareness of these reasons and their origins paints a more historically accurate portrait of the American populous around the time of our country’s founding. This volume not only showcases Dr. Chopra’s comprehensive analysis of Loyalism and its arguments, but includes letters, legislation and even poems written by Loyalists during and after the Revolutionary War. Choosing Sides lays a detailed foundation of facts for its readers and provides them entry points to the debate surrounding the genesis of the United States. It is both a primary source and a touchstone for original interpretations and discussions.

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Editorial Reviews

Sheila L. Skemp
Chopra’s anthology casts a wide net, expanding our understanding of the many “loyalist minds” and loyalist experiences that characterized those men and women who chose Empire over independence. The documents she has selected remind us that loyalists came from all classes, races, and ethnicities. They included people who resided in Canada, the Caribbean, and the area that became the United States. They made their choices based on ideology as well as on pragmatic, on-the-ground realities. Students will enjoy listening to the voices from the past, sharing in the hopes and fears of those who could not bring themselves to sever their relationships with an Empire they loved.
Ed Countryman
Ruma Chopra’s lively introduction and accompanying documents present Loyalism in all its complexity, adding to the case that the American Revolution was genuinely and in some ways tragically revolutionary. It was a time to choose, and she shows loyalists of all sorts, elite and plebeian, white, black, and native, male and female, making their choices and living with the consequences. Like their patriot foes, her loyalists reveal the many faces of revolutionary America. Chopra makes advanced loyalist scholarship, including her own, understandable for students and general readers.
This insightful work chronicles the lives of colonists loyal to Great Britain during the American Revolution. The text consists of a 63-page introduction and a main body of approximately 80 primary sources arranged topically in ten chapters. In the impressive introduction with generous endnotes, historian Chopra situates loyalists across a palette of categories, including gender, race, and religion. She also indicates how practical reasons, such as one's proximity to military force, could trump ideology when choosing sides. The introduction could stand alone as a scholarly work; however, the subsequent section of well-organized primary sources complements it. This reviewer has only two minor negative criticisms. First, although Chopra cites each primary source, many citations are to a published version, not to the original manuscript. Second, in spite of the author's care in arguing that denominational affiliation was some indicator of one's loyalty, the Roman Catholic minority is largely absent from her calculus. Overall, this is a nuanced survey on the often-overlooked topic of loyalty to Britain, and a valuable addition to any research library that collects titles on Revolutionary America. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781442205710
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 6/16/2013
  • Series: American Controversies Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 236
  • Product dimensions: 7.70 (w) x 11.60 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Ruma Chopra is an associate professor of history at San Jose State University.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Loyal Britons
Imperial Crisis
Loyal Colonies in the Caribbean and North America
Loyalist Convictions and Proposals
Loyalist Potential
Loyalist Women
Indian Allies
The Peace Treaty and its Aftermath
Refugees in the British Maritimes

Chapter 1. Loyalist Predicament
Defining Loyalists and Patriots
Confronting Mobs (1774)
Forced into exile (1775)
Guilty until Proven Innocent (1776)
An Affair Among Citizens (1776)

Chapter 2. Early Loyalist Voices
Denouncing the Unnatural Rebellion (1775)
Inflamed Rebels and Scattered Friends (1775)
Hunting of the Tories (1775)
Loyalists Left Unprotected (1775)
Requesting Imperial Intervention (1775)
Criticizing Common Sense (1776)
Rejecting Violence (1776)

Chapter 3. Plans for Union
Albany Plan (1754)
William Smith Jr.’s Plan (1767)
Joseph Galloway Plan (1774)
John Randolph’s Plan (1780)
Jonathan Sewell’s Plan (1785)

Chapter 4. Loyalist Resilience
Loyalist Persuasions (1776 & 1777)
Expressing Optimism (1778)
Confronting Confiscation Laws (1779)
Documenting Rebel Weakness (1780)
Pledging Declaration of Dependence (1781)

Chapter 5. Loyalist Military Involvement
Preaching to Loyalist Soldiers (1777)
Volunteering Military Assistance (1780)
Organizing Loyalist Militia (1781)
Recruiting Loyalist Regiments (1781)
Loyalist Military Actions (1783)

Chapter 6. Loyalist Women
A Sister’s Lament (1770)
Living with the British (1777)
Facing British Evacuation (1778)
Stricken Smitten of God (1778)
Mourning Loyalist Execution (1778)
A Mother’s Advice (1779)
Helpless Widow seeking Relief (1779)
Seeking Compensation for Husband’s Service (1783)
Seeking Compensation for Slave Property (1786)

Chapter 7. Slaves
Escaping to the British (1775)
Competition amongst the King’s subjects (1779)
Envisioning God with Empire (1781)
Negotiating Slave Return (1783)
Evading Re-Enslavement (1783)
Retrieving Stolen Children (1783)
Black Petitions (1783)
Book of Negroes (1783)

Chapter 8. Indians
Relations with Indians (1774)
British Recruiting Northern Indians (1775)
British Recruiting Southern Indians (1776)
Vying for Indian Support (1778)
Hessian View of Indians (1777)
Accusing Savages of Scalping Europeans (1777)
Mohawks Side with the British (1778)
Mohawks Request Assistance in Canada (1786)
Indians as Beasts of Prey (1783)

Chapter 9. Loyalist Losses
Loyalists in the Peace Treaty (1783)
Despair and Distraction (1782)
Dreadful Tidings (1782)
Unwavering Devotion (1782)
Irrecoverable Debts (1783)
Rebel Retaliation (1783)
Claiming Losses in Income, Property, and Slaves (1783)
Forsaking Britain (1781)
Seeking Refuge in Britain (1783)

Chapter 10. Loyalist Exile
British Nova Scotia (1783)
Loyalist Nova Scotia (1784)
Predicting the Collapse of the United States (1785)
Celebrating the Loyalists (1884)

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