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Christ in Celtic Christianity: Britain and Ireland from the Fifth to the Tenth Century

Overview

Christ in Celtic Christianity gives a new interpretation of the nature of Christianity in Celtic Britain and Ireland from the fifth to the tenth century. The written and visual evidence on which the authors base their argument includes images of Christ created in and for this milieu, taken from manuscripts, metalwork and sculpture and reproduced in this study. The authors challenge the received opinion that Celtic Christians were in unity with Rome in all matters except the method of Easter reckoning and the ...
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Overview

Christ in Celtic Christianity gives a new interpretation of the nature of Christianity in Celtic Britain and Ireland from the fifth to the tenth century. The written and visual evidence on which the authors base their argument includes images of Christ created in and for this milieu, taken from manuscripts, metalwork and sculpture and reproduced in this study. The authors challenge the received opinion that Celtic Christians were in unity with Rome in all matters except the method of Easter reckoning and the shape of the clerical tonsure. They find, on the contrary, that the strain of the Pelagian heresy which rooted itself in Britain in the early fifth century influenced the theology and practice of the Celtic monastic Churches on both sides of the Irish Sea for several hundred years, creating a theological spectrum quite distinct from that of continental establishments. MICHAEL W. HERREN is Professor of Classics and Distinguished Research Professor at York University (Toronto), a member of the Graduate Faculty at the Centre for Medieval Studies in the University of Toronto, and an Honorary Member of the Royal Irish Academy; SHIRLEY ANN BROWN is Professor of Art History and a member of the Faculty of Graduate Studies at York University.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
This comprehensive, if controversial, study of the Christology of the late antique and early medieval British church is undoubtedly one of the most learned and substantial contributions to appear in the field of Celtic Christianity. MEDIEVAL REVIEWStimulating. EARLY MEDIEVAL EUROPE(The authors) have shed a great deal of light on many features of the early churches of Ireland and Britain. Their profound scholarship is manifested in countless ways. THE INNES REVIEWA fascinating picture of early Celtic Christianity (that) will be critical to subsequent scholarship. SPECULUMNuanced and very well researched....Overall this is an important book. CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEWThis is an important book....There is much of great value in this study. JNL OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY The writing is consistently engaging and renders the arcana of late-antique / early medieval religious thought eminently accessible and even compelling. CELTIC STUDIES ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781843837138
  • Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
  • Publication date: 5/17/2012
  • Series: Studies in Celtic History , #20
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 891,726
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustration
Prologue
Introduction 1
I The Growth and Development of Monasticism in the British Isles 21
Britain: 400-700 22
Ireland: 450-850 30
Monasticism in Anglo-Saxon England: 599-ca 750 38
II The Theology of Christ in Insular Christianity 47
Expressions of Orthodoxy 47
Heresy 51
Arianism 51
Pelagianism 52
The 'Three Chapters' controversy and Columbanus 53
Monothelitism 54
Quattuordecimans and Judaisers 56
III Pelagianism in Britain and Ireland 69
The Pelagian Movement 69
Pelagian Writings 70
Doctrines 71
Survivals of Pelagianism in Britain and Ireland 80
Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries 80
Ireland in the seventh, eighth and ninth centuries 87
Northumbria in the eighth century 97
IV The Common Celtic Church 104
Some Evidence for a Common Church 104
Scripturalism 106
'Judaising Tendencies' 109
Literary Culture 115
The Sacraments 122
Ostracism 130
V Christ Revealed in the Texts 137
Christ the Perfect Monk 140
The Heroic Christ (Harrower of Hell) 151
Christ the Wonder-Worker 160
Christ the Judge 174
VI Non-Representational Images of Christ 186
The Cross 191
The Cult of the True Cross 195
The Ringed 'Celtic' Cross 199
The Ahenny crosses 201
The Anglian Crosses 206
Acca's cross at Hexham 207
Bewcastle and Ruthwell crosses 209
Symbols for Christ in Manuscripts 213
Cross Carpet Pages 215
The Books of Durrow and Kells 215
The Lindisfarne Gospels 217
The Lichfield Gospels 220
Four Evangelist Symbols/Cross Pages 220
The Monogram of Christ 224
VII The Representational Images of Christ 234
Christ as the Ideal Monk 236
The Ruthwell cross 236
The Book of Kells 243
The Crucified Christ 250
Christ as Judge and Conqueror of Hell 260
The second coming 261
The last judgement 264
The Militant Christ and the Harrowing of Hell 268
Christ the Wonder Worker 270
Epilogue 278
App Precamur patrem 284
Bibliography and Abbreviations 289
Index 305
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