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Now available from Liberty Fund Christianity and Classical Culture is considered one of the great works of scholarship published in the last century.
The theme of Christianity and Classical Culture is the fundamental change in thought and action that occurred from the reign of Augustus to the time of Augustine. The classical world sought to practice politics and understand the world in purely rational terms, but the difficulties of this program were already evident as Christianity began developing a completely new understanding of the human world. It is from this revolution in ideas that our modern world was forged.
W. H. Auden wrote of an earlier edition in The New Republic: “Since the appearance of the first edition in 1940, I have read this book many times, and my conviction of its importance to the understanding not only of the epoch with which it is concerned, but also of our own, has increased with each rereading.”
Charles Norris Cochrane (18891945) was educated at the University of Toronto and Oxford (Corpus Christi College). He taught at the University of Toronto, then served overseas for Canada in World War I before going back to Oxford for his M.A. in 1919. Returning to Toronto, he became Assistant Professor of Greek and Roman History, then Dean of Residence, and finally full professor and the head of the department of Greek and Roman History.
PART I. RECONSTRUCTION
1 Pax Augusta: The Restored Republic 3
2 Romanitas: Empire and Commonwealth 31
3 Roma Aeterna: The Apotheosis of Power 82
4 Regnum Caesaris Regnum Diaboli 125
PART II. RENOVATION
5 The New Republic: Constantine and the Triumph of the Cross 195
6 Quid Athenae Hierosolymis? The Impasse of Constantinianism 234
7 Apostasy and Reaction 286
8 State and Church in the New Republic 321
9 Theodosius and the Religion of State 350
PART III. REGENERATION
10 The Church and the Kingdom of God 397
11 Nostra Philosophia: The Discovery of Personality 441
12 Divine Necessity and Human History 503
Translators' Note 571
Appendix: Latin and Greek Translations 573