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Christianity Comes to the Americas 1492-1776 / Edition 1

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The dramatic influence of Christianity on the Western Hemisphere was never more profound than in the era of colonization and expansion that began with Columbus and continued through the American Revolution. Christianity Comes to the Americas examines the many powerful religious forces that shaped American culture and society in Canada and the Mississippi Valley (French Catholicism), in British America (Protestantism), and in Mexico and Central and South America (Portuguese and Spanish Catholicism). The separate narratives chronicle the forces of schism, reformation, and politics that motivated Europeans to make their westward voyages. It reconstructs the sailing routes; the missions and convents; the guiding personalities; the disputes over doctrine, politics, and slavery; and the evolution of the various forms of American Christianity. Three distinguished historians retell, from the vantage point of the latest historical scholarship, the stories that began in late medieval Europe and came to a conclusive turbaning point near the end of the eighteenth century: The growth of Protestantism in British America The expansion of French Catholicism in Canada and the Mississippi Valley The spread of Spanish and Portuguese Catholicism in Ibero-America This comprehensive historical survey is sensitive to the twentieth-century issues that were spawned in the "New World" by colonial practices: slavery, ecological imbalance, isolationism, xenophobia, regional independence movements as in Quebec, and the abuse of Native American rights.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557785015
  • Publisher: Paragon House Publishers
  • Publication date: 4/29/1998
  • Edition description: 1st ed
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Charles H. Lippy, Ph.D., is professor of religion at Clemson University in South Carolina and co-editor of The Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience.

Robert Choquette, Ph.D., is professor of religious studies at the University of Ottawa in Canada and author of Language and Religion A History of English-French Conflict in Ontario.

STAFFORD POOLE, C.M., Ph.D., is former professor of history and president of St. John's Seminary College, and author of Pedro Moya de Contreras: Catholic Reform and Royal Power in New Spain. 1517-1591.

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Table of Contents

Maps and Charts
Pt. I Iberian Catholicism Comes to the Americas 1
1 The Iberian Background 3
2 Expansion and Evangelization: Central and North America, 1492-1600 17
3 Expansion and Evangelization: South America, 1492-1600 51
4 From Coronado to Kino: Northern New Spain and the Borderlands, 1540-1711 71
5 "Are They Not Men?" 79
6 Ibero-America in the Seventeenth Century 91
7 The Age of the Enlightenment and Benevolent Despotism, 1700-1776 107
8 The Missionary Enterprise: An Overview 120
Pt. II French Catholicism Comes to the Americas 131
9 The Beginning of French Christianity in the Americas 133
10 An Age of Missionaries, Mystics, and Martyrs 148
11 The Encounter of French and Amerindian Cultures 176
12 An Expanding but Changing Church 192
13 A New Church in a New State 221
14 The Watershed of French-American Christianity 240
Pt. III Christianity Comes to British America 243
15 Religious Currents in Reformation Europe 245
16 Puritanism Comes to British America 262
17 Anglicans and Catholics Come to British Colonial America 286
18 Ethnic and Religious Pluralism Come to British Colonial America 302
19 Awakening and Revolution in New England 317
20 Southern and Caribbean Christianity in the Eighteenth Century 334
21 The Making of Reformed America: Christianity in the Middle Colonies in the Eighteenth Century 348
Notes 367
Bibliography 372
Index 383
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