Christ's Churches Purely Reformed: A Social History of Calvinism

Christ's Churches Purely Reformed: A Social History of Calvinism

by Philip Benedict
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0300088124

ISBN-13: 9780300088120

Pub. Date: 11/28/2002

Publisher: Yale University Press

This sweeping book tells the story of Calvinism's origins, expansion, and impact across Europe from the upheavals of the early Reformation to the end of the seventeenth century. The faith's fundamental doctrines, diverse ecclesiastical institutions, and significant consequences for lived experience are all explored, revealing the ongoing interplay between a dynamic

Overview

This sweeping book tells the story of Calvinism's origins, expansion, and impact across Europe from the upheavals of the early Reformation to the end of the seventeenth century. The faith's fundamental doctrines, diverse ecclesiastical institutions, and significant consequences for lived experience are all explored, revealing the ongoing interplay between a dynamic religious tradition and the worlds in which it took root.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300088120
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
11/28/2002
Pages:
704
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsviii
List of Tablesx
Acknowledgmentsxii
Conventionsxiv
Introductionxv
Part IThe Formation of a Tradition1
1Zurich contra Wittenberg9
The Wittenberg Reformation and the Origins of the Lutheran-Reformed Division15
Zwingli and Zurich19
The Eucharistic Controversy32
Reformed Expansion and the Politics of Evangelical Union36
2The Second Generation: Switzerland and Germany49
Bullinger and German Switzerland51
Reformed Currents in the Empire65
3The Second Generation: Calvin and Geneva77
The Expansion of the Reformation in Francophone Switzerland78
Calvin the Theologian82
Calvin Completes the Genevan Reformation93
Calvin's International Influence109
Conclusion to Part I. Cooperating Allies, Contrasting Models of Christian Community115
Part IIThe Expansion of a Tradition121
4France: The Construction and Defense of a Minority Church127
Bearn: A Princely Reformation on Genevan Lines149
5Scotland: A Revolutionary Reformation152
6The Netherlands: Another Revolutionary Reformation173
7The Empire: Further Reformation by Princely Fiat202
8England: The Unstable Settlement of a Church "But Halfly Reformed"230
9Eastern Europe: Local Reformations Under Noble Protection255
Poland-Lithuania257
Hungary271
Conclusion to Part II. The Reformed Churches at the End of the Sixteenth Century281
Part IIIThe Transformations of a Tradition293
10Theological Disputes in the Age of Orthodoxy297
The Advance of Reformed Scholasticism298
The Perplexes of Predestination300
Practical Divinity317
The Challenge of the New Philosophy and Biblical Philogy329
Cocceius, Rational Theology, and the Retreat of Orthodoxy338
11Changing Political Circumstances on the Contient353
The Power of Privilege and Princely Favor354
When the Faith of the Ruler Changed378
12British Schisms384
The Church Policies of the Early Stuarts385
The New England Way389
Scotland Overturns Episcopacy392
The Splintering of the Church of England395
Political Division in the Church of Scotland405
The Restoration Settlements408
The Glorious Revolution and the Legalization of Protestant Pluralism414
Conclusion to Part III. Reformed Europe at the End of the Seventeenth Century423
Part IVNew Calvinist Men and Women?429
13The Reformation of the Ministry435
The Reformed Pastorate436
Doctors, Elders, and Deacons451
14The Exercise of Discipline460
Goals and Procedures462
Patterns of Consistorial Activity467
Church Discipline and State Discipline482
How Great the Impact?484
15The Practice of Piety490
Patterns of Collective Worship491
Family Devotions, Bible Reading, and Catechism509
The Puritan Manner of Godliness518
How Great the Impact?526
Conclusion to Part IV. Final Reflections on Calvinism and the Making of the Modern World533
Notes547
Index657

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