Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Control / Edition 3

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Overview

The case for health care reform is compelling: costs are skyrocketing, and an increasing number of Americans lack health insurance, fail to receive preventive health care, or can't afford to pay the out-of-pocket costs for their care. Unfortunately, there is little discussion about what to do about one of the major drivers for the health care crisis-the increasing costs due to the treatment of chronic disease.

As described in the third edition of Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Control, a greater focus on prevention of chronic diseases is a key element for successful health care reform. This book provides the reader with the most up-to-date information about the leading chronic diseases. Top-flight scholars and practitioners have consolidated information from countless research studies-providing clear and concise information about chronic disease causes, their consequences, the groups at highest risk, and effective methods of prevention.

This book provides all the clues about ways to reduce the burden from chronic diseases, conditions, and risk factors. It's up to the readers to translate this information into practice to improve the health of the public and reduce the strain on our health care system.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody Reviews
Reviewer: Jennifer G Robinson, MD, MPH (University of Iowa College of Public Health)
Description: This is a much needed new edition of a book on chronic disease epidemiology, prevention, and control that was last updated 12 years ago.
Purpose: Chronic diseases are common in our wealthy, sedentary, and aging society and the leading driver of rising healthcare costs in the U.S. This book provides up-to-date information about the leading causes of chronic diseases, conditions, and risk factors, with a focus on the U.S. It is intended to support a broad range of chronic disease control activities, and serve as a quick reference guide for students or practicing health professionals who need to locate critical background information and/or develop intervention. The book fulfills the authors' objectives of providing a concise overview of the current knowledge and evidence-based practices for chronic disease prevention and control.
Audience: The authors intend the book for two main audiences: professionals involved in the practice and teaching of chronic disease epidemiology and prevention, and students in beginning and advanced public health courses. Although aimed primarily at North American audiences, much of the information is intended to be applicable to those in other developed or developing countries. The book does an excellent job of meeting the needs of these audiences. The three editors are leading experts in chronic disease epidemiology, and both Drs. Remington and Brownson were editors of the second edition. They have invited authors from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and leading schools of public health across the U.S. to contribute to this edition.
Features: Section 1 is an overview of current issues, challenges, and methods in chronic disease prevention and control. Section 2 addresses the four main lifestyle risk factors for chronic disease: tobacco, diet, physical activity, and alcohol use. Section 3 discusses the four main biological risk factors for chronic disease: obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Finally, section 4 describes the significance, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and risk factors for the major chronic diseases, and each chapter includes a discussion of prevention and control measures specific to that disease as well as examples of evidence-based interventions and areas for future research. Pertinent figures and tables enhance main points, illustrating important concepts such as time trends, geographic distributions, and differences in the various subgroups of the population including sex, age, and race/ethnicity. References are extensive. The most notable shortcoming of this book is a lack of a comparison of the impact of the various chronic diseases as causes of mortality as well as burden of disease in terms of incidence, prevalence, disability, and healthcare costs. As an expert in cardiovascular disease epidemiology and prevention, I found the discussion of nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors out of date, and was surprised that there is no mention of currently recommended methods for cardiovascular risk stratification, including Framingham risk scoring. There is almost no discussion of evidence-based recommendations for primary and secondary prevention treatments, which is concerning since these treatments are responsible for a 25% reduction in cardiovascular mortality over the past five years.
Assessment: An updated edition of this book has been needed for many years. Much of the information in the second edition was very out of date, precluding its use as a chronic disease epidemiology textbook. No other book is available for use as a reference on basic epidemiology and risk factors for chronic disease. Given the scope of the material and space limitations for addressing chronic diseases in detail, this book fulfills its mission. I look forward to using most of its chapters as foundation readings for my course in Chronic Disease Epidemiology.
Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Jennifer G Robinson, MD, MPH (University of Iowa College of Public Health)
Description: This is a much needed new edition of a book on chronic disease epidemiology, prevention, and control that was last updated 12 years ago.
Purpose: Chronic diseases are common in our wealthy, sedentary, and aging society and the leading driver of rising healthcare costs in the U.S. This book provides up-to-date information about the leading causes of chronic diseases, conditions, and risk factors, with a focus on the U.S. It is intended to support a broad range of chronic disease control activities, and serve as a quick reference guide for students or practicing health professionals who need to locate critical background information and/or develop intervention. The book fulfills the authors' objectives of providing a concise overview of the current knowledge and evidence-based practices for chronic disease prevention and control.
Audience: The authors intend the book for two main audiences: professionals involved in the practice and teaching of chronic disease epidemiology and prevention, and students in beginning and advanced public health courses. Although aimed primarily at North American audiences, much of the information is intended to be applicable to those in other developed or developing countries. The book does an excellent job of meeting the needs of these audiences. The three editors are leading experts in chronic disease epidemiology, and both Drs. Remington and Brownson were editors of the second edition. They have invited authors from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and leading schools of public health across the U.S. to contribute to this edition.
Features: Section 1 is an overview of current issues, challenges, and methods in chronic disease prevention and control. Section 2 addresses the four main lifestyle risk factors for chronic disease: tobacco, diet, physical activity, and alcohol use. Section 3 discusses the four main biological risk factors for chronic disease: obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Finally, section 4 describes the significance, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and risk factors for the major chronic diseases, and each chapter includes a discussion of prevention and control measures specific to that disease as well as examples of evidence-based interventions and areas for future research. Pertinent figures and tables enhance main points, illustrating important concepts such as time trends, geographic distributions, and differences in the various subgroups of the population including sex, age, and race/ethnicity. References are extensive. The most notable shortcoming of this book is a lack of a comparison of the impact of the various chronic diseases as causes of mortality as well as burden of disease in terms of incidence, prevalence, disability, and healthcare costs. As an expert in cardiovascular disease epidemiology and prevention, I found the discussion of nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors out of date, and was surprised that there is no mention of currently recommended methods for cardiovascular risk stratification, including Framingham risk scoring. There is almost no discussion of evidence-based recommendations for primary and secondary prevention treatments, which is concerning since these treatments are responsible for a 25% reduction in cardiovascular mortality over the past five years.
Assessment: An updated edition of this book has been needed for many years. Much of the information in the second edition was very out of date, precluding its use as a chronic disease epidemiology textbook. No other book is available for use as a reference on basic epidemiology and risk factors for chronic disease. Given the scope of the material and space limitations for addressing chronic diseases in detail, this book fulfills its mission. I look forward to using most of its chapters as foundation readings for my course in Chronic Disease Epidemiology.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780875531922
  • Publisher: American Public Health Association Publications
  • Publication date: 10/28/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 659
  • Sales rank: 257,762
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword James S. Marks Janet L. Collins v

Preface Patrick L. Remington Ross C. Brownson Mark V. Wegner vii

Contributors to Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Control ix

Section 1 Public Health Approaches

1 Current Issues and Challenges in Chronic Disease Control Matthew McKenna Janet Collins 1

2 Methods in Chronic Disease Epidemiology Patrick L. Remington Ross Brownson David Savitz 27

3 Intervention Methods for Chronic Disease Control Robert J. McDermott Julie A. Baldwin Carol A. Bryant Rita D. DeBate 59

4 Chronic Disease Surveillance Mark V. Wegner Angela Rohan Patrick L. Remington 95

Section 2 Selected Chronic Disease Risk Factors

5 Tobacco Use Corinne G. Husten 117

6 Diet and Nutrition Nasuh Malas Kathleen M. Tharp Susan B. Foerster 159

7 Physical Activity Barbara E. Ainsworth Caroline A. Macera 199

8 Alcohol Use Mary C. Dufour Rear Admiral 229

Section 3 Major Chronic Conditions

9 Obesity and Overweight Deborah A. Galuska William H. Dietz 269

10 Diabetes Donald B. Bishop Patrick J. O'Connor Jay Desai 291

11 High Blood Pressure Leonelo E. Bautista 335

12 High Blood Cholesterol Heather M. Johnson Patrick E. McBride 363

Section 4 Major Chronic Diseases

13 Cardiovascular Disease Craig J. Newschaffer Longjian Liu Alan Sim 383

14 Cancer Ross C. Brownson Corinne Joshu 429

15 Chronic Respiratory Diseases Henry A. Anderson Mark Werner 469

16 Menial Disorders Danny Wedding 513

17 Neurological Disorders Edwin Trevathan 531

18 Arthritis and Other Musculoskeletal Diseases Rosemarie Hirsch Marc C. Hochberg 571

19 Chronic Liver Disease Adnan Said Jennifer Wells 593

20 Kidney Disease Vishnu Moorthy Jonathan B. Jaffery 623

Index 645

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