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Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World
     

Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World

by Panel on Urban Population Dynamics
 

ISBN-10: 0309088623

ISBN-13: 9780309088626

Pub. Date: 10/21/2003

Publisher: National Academies Press

Virtually all of the growth in the world's population for the foreseeable future will take place in the cities and towns of the developing world. Over the next twenty years, most developing countries will for the first time become more urban than rural. The benefits from urbanization cannot be overlooked, but the speed and sheer scale of this transformation present

Overview

Virtually all of the growth in the world's population for the foreseeable future will take place in the cities and towns of the developing world. Over the next twenty years, most developing countries will for the first time become more urban than rural. The benefits from urbanization cannot be overlooked, but the speed and sheer scale of this transformation present many challenges. A new cast of policy makers is emerging to take up the many responsibilities of urban governance—as many national governments decentralize and devolve their functions, programs in poverty, health, education, and public services are increasingly being deposited in the hands of untested municipal and regional governments. Demographers have been surprisingly slow to devote attention to the implications of the urban transformation.

Drawing from a wide variety of data sources, many of them previously inaccessible, Cities Transformed explores the implications of various urban contexts for marriage, fertility, health, schooling, and children's lives. It should be of interest to all involved in city-level research, policy, planning, and investment decisions.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309088626
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
10/21/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
552
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.35(d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary1
1Introduction9
The Demographic Transformation11
The Transformation of Cities17
The Panel's Charge25
Study Scope and Approach27
Organization of the Report28
2Why Location Matters29
Places, Networks, Neighborhoods31
Sustaining Diversity: Economic Interactions51
City Systems and City-Regions58
From Government to Governance64
What Remains of the Urban/Rural Divide?67
3Urban Population Change: A Sketch75
Cities Amid Global Forces76
Key Demographic Features of the Urban Transition81
Major Regional Differences95
Conclusions106
4Urban Population Dynamics: Models, Measures, and Forecasts108
The Simple Analytics110
Fertility, Mortality, Migration, and Urban Age Structure120
Core Issues in Definition and Measurement128
Projecting Urban Populations141
Statistical Systems for Disaggregated Data146
Conclusions and Recommendations151
5Diversity and Inequality155
A Spatial Perspective157
Human Capital: Schooling160
Urban Well-Being: Concepts and Measures164
Access to Public Services167
Measuring Absolute Poverty in Cities180
Risk and Vulnerability184
Children's Lives188
Conclusions and Recommendations195
6Fertility and Reproductive Health199
The Urban Dimension200
An Empirical Overview209
Fertility Transitions and Economic Crises226
The Urban Poor231
Migrants242
Urban Adolescents247
Urban Service Delivery251
Conclusions and Recommendations255
7Mortality and Morbidity: Is City Life Good for You Health?259
Distinctive Aspects of Urban Health262
The Disease Spectrum262
Recent Evidence on Children's Health and Survival272
A Penalty for the Urban Poor?284
Health Service Provision and Treatment Seeking289
Conclusions and Recommendations295
8The Urban Economy Transformed300
Sector and Space302
Economic Returns to Schooling319
Migration and Economic Mobility322
The Informalization of Urban Labor Markets331
Earnings Inequality: Case Studies340
The Future of Urban Labor Markets: Global Links and Local Outcomes343
Conclusions and Recommendations352
9The Challenge of Urban Governance355
The Concept of Urban Governance357
Major Challenges of Urban Governance in Developing Countries363
Is There a "Best" Model of Urban Governance?401
Conclusions and Recommendations407
10Looking Ahead410
Directions for Future Research412
Improving the Research Infrastructure414
References
Appendices
AConcepts and Definitions of Metropolitan Regions481
BMathematical Derivations484
CLinking DHS Surveys to United Nations City Data487
DUnited Nations Estimates and Projections495
EMeasuring Relative Poverty with DHS Data499
FRecommendations for the Demographic and Health Surveys503
Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff507
Index515

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