Citizen and Soldier: A Sourcebook on Military Service and National Defense from Colonial America to the Present / Edition 1

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Americans grow up expecting that in a time of need, their country can depend on its people for volunteer service to the military. Indeed, this has been a social and at times legal expectation for the citizenship of this country since 1776. Yet, since the end of World War II United States forces have been caught up in many long term military engagements, and the military aspect of citizenship has become an increasingly marginalized one in a world where only a minority of citizens even vote.

Citizen and Soldier: A Sourcebook on Military Service and National Defense from Colonial America to the Present provides a useful framework and supporting documentary evidence for an informed discussion of the development of the American ideal of the "Citizen Soldier". Presented with insightful introductions and useful discussion questions, this concise collection of 27 primary documents takes a close look at the United States military and shows how it became entwined with the rise of American national identity.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415877039
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/6/2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 248

Meet the Author

Henry C. Dethloff is Professor Emeritus of History at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. He is the author of many books, the latest being Texas Aggies Go to War: In Service of Their Country.

Gerald E. Shenk is Professor of Social History at California State University, Monterey Bay and author of Work or Fight! Race, Gender, and the Draft in World War One.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures vii

List of Tables viii

List of Documents ix

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Colonial and Revolutionary America 8

Chapter 2 The Early National Period 21

Chapter 3 Volunteers, Conscription, and a Professional Military Corps, 1800-1898 34

Chapter 4 The Spanish-American War and the Building of Modern Armies, 1898-1916 58

Chapter 5 Modern Warfare: Universal Military Training, Selective Service, and Conscription, 1916-1940 88

Chapter 6 World War II, 1940-1947 111

Chapter 7 The Cold War: Korea, Vietnam, and the Changing Dimensions of Military Service 128

Chapter 8 The All-Volunteer Military and Post 9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance 159

Chapter 9 Citizen and Soldier 212

Documentary Sources 223

Suggested Reading 227

Index 230

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